Redistricting Die Wahlkreiseinteilung f r das Repr sentantenhaus in den Vereinigten Staaten

Author: Michael Partmann
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 9783845285009
Release Date: 2017-08-25
Genre: Political Science

In den Vereinigten Staaten findet in regelmäßigen Abständen eine Neueinteilung der Wahlkreise für das Repräsentantenhaus statt. Dieses unter dem Namen Redistricting bekannte Verfahren ist von hoher politischer Sprengkraft, da Wahlkreisgrenzen über künftige Mehrheitsverhältnisse entscheiden. In diesem Band werden die unterschiedlichen Verfahren, Kriterien und Strategien der Wahlkreiseinteilung in den USA anhand zahlreicher Beispiele und detaillierter Fallstudien dargestellt. Insbesondere wird auf den Missbrauch der Wahlkreiseinteilung durch die beiden großen Parteien – Republikaner und Demokraten – eingegangen. Darauf aufbauend wird ein Reformmodell entwickelt, um die Wahlkreiseinteilung dem parteipolitischen Zugriff zu entziehen und die demokratietheoretische Legitimation der Wahlergebnisse zu erhöhen. Der Autor ist Referent für Hochschulpolitik und Hochschulentwicklung im Büro des Rektors der Technischen Universität Chemnitz.

Die USA am Ende der Pr sidentschaft Barack Obamas

Author: Winand Gellner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658110642
Release Date: 2015-12-01
Genre: Political Science

Das Buch zieht eine erste Bilanz der Präsidentschaft Barack Obamas. Es dokumentiert die Ergebnisse der Wahlen zum Kongress und in den Einzelstaaten, die an Bedeutung zunehmen. Analysiert werden die Einflüsse der Tea Party, der Wahlkampffinanzierung und der Super PACs auf den politischen Wettbewerb, der polarisiert ist wie selten zuvor in der amerikanischen Geschichte. Welche Spuren diese neuen politischen Entwicklungen im Kongress und in den Strategien der Kongressmitglieder hinterlassen, wird ebenso untersucht, wie die Folgen für das politische Erbe Obamas. Die Gründe, warum der erste afro-amerikanische Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten die hohen Erwartungen an seine „transformative Präsidentschaft“ nur begrenzt erfüllen konnte, werden anhand der wichtigsten Handlungsfelder des Präsidenten erörtert: Obama als „executive leader“, als „legislative leader“ und in seinem Verhältnis zur Judikative. Auf die Gesundheitsreform als dem zentralen innenpolitischen Vermächtnis des Präsidenten legt das Buch ein besonderes Augenmerk – wie auch auf die Außenpolitik, die das Bild Obamas in der Welt bestimmen wird.

The Dynamics of Southern Politics

Author: Seth C. McKee
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 9781483313368
Release Date: 2018-07-17
Genre: Political Science

Taking a hard look at the changing demographics in the American South, The Dynamics of Southern Politics discusses how this region remains exceptional while also addressing how that exceptionalism is eroding. Author Seth McKee tells a historically rich story going back to the end of the Civil War, tracks electoral changes to the present, and explores some of the most significant components contributing to partisan change. Supported by a host of detailed tables and figures, this book pairs a strong historical foundation with an in-depth analysis of the contemporary region.

Color Coded

Author: Walter Nugent
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806163000
Release Date: 2018-10-15
Genre: Political Science

The now–staunchly red state of Texas was deep blue in 1950 and had virtually no functioning Republican Party. California, on the other hand, was reliably red. Today, both states have jumped to the opposite end of the political spectrum. Texas is one of the most conservative states, while California has become one of today’s most liberal bastions. These are the most dramatic cases, but notable shifts in voting patterns have occurred throughout the western states in recent decades—shifts so varied and complex that they have, until now, eluded the attention focused on the drastic examples of the South and Northeast. Bringing clarity to the remarkably mixed yet poorly understood map of America’s red, blue, and purple western half, Color Coded presents the first comprehensive history of political change and stability in the region between 1950 and 2016. The West, in Walter Nugent’s analysis, includes nineteen states: the thirteen that the U.S. Census Bureau calls the Western Region—roughly from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific, as well as off-shore Alaska and Hawaii—plus the six Great Plains states from North Dakota south to Texas. Consulting official voting results of more than 5,300 state and national elections, as well as newspaper reports, oral histories, public documents, and other sources, Nugent reveals the ever-shifting patterns that have defined western politics in modern times. Geography, culture, history, political trajectories, and the charisma of key political actors have all played their part in these changes—and will, Nugent asserts, continue to do so for the foreseeable future. A powerful, exhaustively researched study of modern political organization, party development, and shifting voter blocs in the West, Color Coded deftly charts, as well, the profound red-blue tensions that have defined modern America. Returns for the 5,300-plus elections on which the book is based, covering the nineteen western states between 1950 and 2016, are compiled in the book's appendix.

The Past Present and Future of Southern Politics

Author: Seth C. McKee
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9781469607382
Release Date: 2012-09-01
Genre: History

The apparent partisan stability of contemporary southern politics belies a complex and dynamic process that makes it doubtful one party can persist as the dominant force in the most diverse region of the United States . . . This truly ain't your daddy's Dixie." This article appears in the Fall 2012 issue of Southern Cultures. The full issue is also available as an ebook. Southern Cultures is published quarterly (spring, summer, fall, winter) by the University of North Carolina Press. The journal is sponsored by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Center for the Study of the American South.

Guns in American Society An Encyclopedia of History Politics Culture and the Law 2nd Edition 3 volumes

Author: Gregg Lee Carter
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313386718
Release Date: 2012-05-04
Genre: History

Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

Women and Elective Office

Author: Sue Thomas
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199363759
Release Date: 2014-01-02
Genre: Political Science

This edition of Women and Elective Office offers the latest research on women as candidates and officeholders. It provides a comprehensive look at at the history and status of women in elective office, their prospects for the future, and why women in elected office matter to American democracy. It features all-new essays and up-to-the-minute research by leading experts in the field, including the latest political trends and events such as Hillary Rodham Clinton's run for the presidency, women's representation on the state and local level, the diversity of women officeholders' experiences and circumstances, and female judges. Women and Elective Office is an essential guide to understanding the past, present, and future of women in all echelons of government.

A Voter s Journey

Author: Bill Lewers
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781483686790
Release Date: 2013-09-27
Genre: Political Science

A few years ago, I published a book titled Six Decades of Baseball: A Personal Narrative, which described my lifelong passion for baseball, written purely from the perspective of a baseball fan with no inside knowledge of the game. A Voters Journey sets out to do the same thing, only this time with politics. I hope that the telling of my story will encourage the reader to reflect upon his or her own lifelong political journey. For in a society like ours, saturated with politics and elections, each one of us, whether we are politically inclined or not, makes a political journey of some kind or another. This is the story of mine.

Latino Politics en Ciencia Pol tica

Author: Tony Affigne
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814763872
Release Date: 2014-04-25
Genre: Political Science

More than 53 million Latinos now constitute the largest, fastest-growing, and most diverse minority group in the United States, and the nation’s political future may well be shaped by Latinos’ continuing political incorporation. In the 2012 election, Latinos proved to be a critical voting bloc in both Presidential and Congressional races; this demographic will only become more important in future American elections. Using new evidence from the largest-ever scientific survey addressed exclusively to Latino/Hispanic respondents, Latino Politics en Ciencia Política explores political diversity within the Latino community, considering how intra-community differences influence political behavior and policy preferences. The editors and contributors, all noted scholars of race and politics, examine key issues of Latino politics in the contemporary United States: Latino/a identities (latinidad), transnationalism, acculturation, political community, and racial consciousness. The book contextualizes today’s research within the history of Latino political studies, from the field’s beginnings to the present, explaining how systematic analysis of Latino political behavior has over time become integral to the study of political science. Latino Politics en Ciencia Política is thus an ideal text for learning both the state of the field today, and key dimensions of Latino political attitudes. Instructor's Guide

Endzeit der Sieger

Author: Wolfgang Schreyer
Publisher: EDITION digital
ISBN: 9783863945282
Release Date: 2012-07-01
Genre: Fiction

Am 20. September 1946 druckt eine New-Yorker Zeitschrift Albert Einsteins Satz: »Während wir Russlands Geheimnissen und die Russen unseren Geheimnissen misstrauen, gehen wir zusammen dem Untergang entgegen.« Am 1. September 1983 schießt Major Wassilij Kasmin nachts über der Insel Sachalin einen Jumbo der südkoreanischen Fluglinie KAL ab. Die sowjetische Luftabwehr glaubt, ein amerikanisches Spionageflugzeug dringe bei ihr ein, doch Unbeteiligte finden den Tod. Vorgriff auf die Katastrophe eines Krieges aus Versehen? Ein doppeltes Rätsel zumindest: Irrtum der einen und mysteriöser Irrflug der anderen Seite! Wolfgang Schreyer spürt den Ursachen nach, er schildert auch Folgen, sieht die Schockwirkung des Falls auf Menschen in Kalifornien und anderswo. Dazu hat er die Schauplätze des Romans besucht; man schmeckt das Fluidum von Los Angeles, San Francisco und Las Vegas, die Luft von Florida oder New York, hört das Knistern im Cockpit einer Boeing 747 nahe dem Polarkreis. Wie ein Film rollt die Handlung ab, dramatisch, grandios, bis zum bitteren Ende. Dem Autor geht es nicht um Schuldzuweisung, sondern um Erkenntnis: um Einsicht in Psycho-Mechanismen, Denkweisen und jene harten Fakten, die es uns erschweren, eine Welt ohne Kernwaffen, ja dermaleinst ohne Militär zu schaffen. »Unter dem Zwang, Gewinn zu machen«, sagt US-Präsident Eisenhower 1959 voraus, »werden mächtige Lobbys auftreten und immer größere Rüstungsausgaben fordern; das Netz der Sonderinteressen wächst von Tag zu Tag.« Der Roman zeigt auch das. Ein Konzern der US-Rüstungsindustrie ringt ums Überleben. Schreyer führt den Titanenkampf vor, den Griff nach der Macht und das menschliche Streben nach Glück, Geld, Liebe, Karriere - in der Verkettung von allem mit jedem. Der spannende Roman erschien erstmals 1989 im Mitteldeutschen Verlag Halle – Leipzig.

Don t Know Much About the American Presidents

Author: Kenneth C. Davis
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9781401304737
Release Date: 2012-09-18
Genre: Political Science

Which president broke the law to prevent enslaved people from being freed? Who said, "When the president does it,that means it's not illegal"? Why does America have a president? From the heated debates among the framers of the Constitution in 1787 over an "elected king," to the creation of the presidency, and on through rich profiles of each man who has held the office, New York Times bestselling author Kenneth C. Davis takes readers on a guided tour of American history. Examining each chief executive, from the low lights to the bright lights, the memorable to the forgettable and the forgotten, Davis tells all the stories, offering rich anecdotes about real people. He also charts the history of the presidency itself, debunking myths and grading the presidents from A+ to F. For history buffs and history-phobes alike, this entertaining book may change your understanding of the highest office in the land throughout more than two hundred years of history.