Handbook of Materials Characterization

Author: Surender Kumar Sharma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319929552
Release Date: 2018-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book focuses on the widely used experimental techniques available for the structural, morphological, and spectroscopic characterization of materials. Recent developments in a wide range of experimental techniques and their application to the quantification of materials properties are an essential side of this book. Moreover, it provides concise but thorough coverage of the practical and theoretical aspects of the analytical techniques used to characterize a wide variety of functional nanomaterials. The book provides an overview of widely used characterization techniques for a broad audience: from beginners and graduate students, to advanced specialists in both academia and industry.

Mechanical Tribology

Author: George E. Totten
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203970918
Release Date: 2004-04-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Studying the morphology, defects, and wear behavior of a variety of material surfaces, Mechanical Tribology examines popular and emerging surface characterization techniques for assessment of the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of various modified surfaces, thin films, and coatings. Its chapters explore a wide range of tribological applications while promoting reduced component deterioration and improved efficiency and reliability of mechanical systems. The book includes extensive coverage of critical technologies that are usually absent in other references on the subject, delving into procedures affecting metal cutting and forming, physicochemical issues involved in the design of fiber finishes, and recent progress in biotribological research. It provides strategies to characterize the friction and wear properties of tribological systems and procedures to assess the quality and lifetime of ceramic materials. It also outlines methods to avoid scuffing and seizure in machine operations and novel techniques to prevent oil from spreading and creeping in lubricating applications. Mechanical Tribology is a practical guide for mechanical, industrial, chemical, process, design, and process engineers, materials scientists, and tribologists in the selection of materials, surface treatments, coatings, and environments best suited for a particular industrial application.

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization

Author: C. R. Brundle
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0750691689
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization is a comprehensive volume on analytical techniques used in materials science for the characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films. This flagship volume in the Materials Characterization Series is a unique, stand-alone reference for materials science practitioners, process engineers, students and anyone with a need to know about the capabilities available in materials analysis. An encyclopedia of 50 concise articles, this book will also be a practical companion to the forthcoming books in the Series. It describes widely-ranging techniques in a jargon-free manner and includes summary pages for each technique to supply a quick survey of its capabilities.

Anomalous X Ray Scattering for Materials Characterization

Author: Yoshio Waseda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540460084
Release Date: 2003-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The production of multi layered thin films with sufficient reliability is a key technology for device fabrication in micro electronics. In the Co/Cu type multi layers, for example, magnetoresistance has been found as large as 80 % at 4. 2 K and 50 % at room temperature. In addition to such gigantic mag netoresistance, these multi layers indicate anti ferromagnetic and ferromag netic oscillation behavior with an increase in the thickness of the layers of the non magnetic component. These interesting properties of the new synthetic flmctional materials are attributed to their periodic and interracial structures at a microscopic level, although the origin of such peculiar features is not fully understood. Information on the surface structure or the number density of atoms in the near surface region may provide better insight. Amorphous alloys, frequently referred to as metallic glasses, are produced by rapid quenching from the melt. The second generation amorphous alloys, called "bulk amorphous alloys", have been discovered in some Pd based and Zr based alloy systems, with a super cooled liquid region at more than 120 K. In these alloy systems, one can obtain a sample thickness of several centime ters. Growing scientific and technological curiosity about the new amorphous alloys has focused on the fundamental factors, such as the atomic scale struc ture, which are responsible for the thermal stability with certain chemical compositions.

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

Author: John P. Sibilia
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471186333
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Science

This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing. Over 100 materials methodologies, evaluations, chemical analyses, physical testing, and scientific computing techniques are covered, including the fields of molecular spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, chromatography, chemical analysis, x-ray analysis, microscopy, surface science, thermal analysis, and polymer characterization. All of the.

Practical Materials Characterization

Author: Mauro Sardela
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461492818
Release Date: 2014-07-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Practical Materials Characterization covers the most common materials analysis techniques in a single volume. It stands as a quick reference for experienced users, as a learning tool for students, and as a guide for the understanding of typical data interpretation for anyone looking at results from a range of analytical techniques. The book includes analytical methods covering microstructural, surface, morphological, and optical characterization of materials with emphasis on microscopic structural, electronic, biological, and mechanical properties. Many examples in this volume cover cutting-edge technologies such as nanomaterials and life sciences.

Microwave Electronics

Author: L. F. Chen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470020456
Release Date: 2004-11-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The development of high speed, high frequency circuits and systems requires an understanding of the properties of materials functioning at the microwave level. This comprehensive reference sets out to address this requirement by providing guidance on the development of suitable measurement methodologies tailored for a variety of materials and application systems. Bringing together coverage of a broad range of techniques in one publication for the first time, this book: Provides a comprehensive introduction to microwave theory and microwave measurement techniques. Examines every aspect of microwave material properties, circuit design and applications. Presents materials property characterisation methods along with a discussion of the underlying theory. Outlines the importance of microwave absorbers in the reduction in noise levels in microwave circuits and their importance within defence industry applications. Relates each measurement technique to its application across the fields of microwave engineering, high-speed electronics, remote sensing and the physical sciences. This book will appeal to practising engineers and technicians working in the areas of RF, microwaves, communications, solid-state devices and radar. Senior students, researchers in microwave engineering and microelectronics and material scientists will also find this book a very useful reference.

Materials Characterization

Author: Yang Leng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470822999
Release Date: 2009-03-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book covers state-of-the-art techniques commonly used in modern materials characterization. Two important aspects of characterization, materials structures and chemical analysis, are included. Widely used techniques, such as metallography (light microscopy), X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, are described. In addition, the book introduces advanced techniques, including scanning probe microscopy. The second half of the book accordingly presents techniques such as X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (commonly equipped in the scanning electron microscope), fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy, and popular surface analysis techniques (XPS and SIMS). Finally, vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR and Raman) and thermal analysis are also covered.

Materials Characterization Techniques

Author: Sam Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420042955
Release Date: 2008-12-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Experts must be able to analyze and distinguish all materials, or combinations of materials, in use today—whether they be metals, ceramics, polymers, semiconductors, or composites. To understand a material’s structure, how that structure determines its properties, and how that material will subsequently work in technological applications, researchers apply basic principles of chemistry, physics, and biology to address its scientific fundamentals, as well as how it is processed and engineered for use. Emphasizing practical applications and real-world case studies, Materials Characterization Techniques presents the principles of widely used, advanced surface and structural characterization techniques for quality assurance, contamination control, and process improvement. This useful volume: Explores scientific processes to characterize materials using modern technologies Provides analysis of materials’ performance under specific use conditions Focuses on the interrelationships and interdependence between processing, structure, properties, and performance Details the sophisticated instruments involved in an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the wide range of mutually interacting processes, mechanisms, and materials Covers electron, X-ray-photoelectron, and UV spectroscopy; scanning-electron, atomic-force, transmission-electron, and laser-confocal-scanning-florescent microscopy, and gel electrophoresis chromatography Presents the fundamentals of vacuum, as well as X-ray diffraction principles Explaining appropriate uses and related technical requirements for characterization techniques, the authors omit lengthy and often intimidating derivations and formulations. Instead, they emphasize useful basic principles and applications of modern technologies used to characterize engineering materials, helping readers grasp micro- and nanoscale properties. This text will serve as a valuable guide for scientists and engineers involved in characterization and also as a powerful introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Materials Characterization by Dynamic and Modulated Thermal Analytical Techniques

Author: Alan T. Riga
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 0803128878
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The special technical publication has been compiled from the 15 presentations at a May 2000 Association symposium in Toronto. They cover the fundamentals of the techniques, its use in curing and chemical reactions, measuring the glass transition and melting by modulated and comparative techniques, g

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Author: Farzad Nasirpouri
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814273053
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Science

Nanomagnetism and spintronics are two close subfields of nanoscience, explaining the effect of substantial magnetic properties of matter when the materials fabrication is realized at a comparable length size. Nanomagnetism deals with the magnetic phenomena specific to the structures having dimensions in the submicron range. The fact that the electronic transport properties of materials are dependent on the magnetic properties' artificial nanostructures, i.e., giant magnetoresistance (GMR) or tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR), has revolutionized spintronics science and technology. This book explains the concepts of nanomagnetism and spintronics by viewing the most recent research works from internationally distinguished research groups. Placing special emphasis on crucial fundamental and technical aspects of nanomagnetism and spintronics, it serves as a one-stop reference for universities offering postgraduate programs in nanotechnology or related disciplines. This unique book deals with all three stages required for conducting research in nanomagnetism and spintronics including fabrication, characterization and applications of nanomagnetic and spintronics materials, providing general concepts and an insightful overview of this subject for research students and scientists from different backgrounds investigating the multidisciplinary area of nanotechnology.

Ellipsometry

Author: Faustino Wahaia
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9789535136231
Release Date: 2017-11-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Ellipsometry is rapidly emerging as a popular solution addressed to new materials science challenges and technological pitfalls hindering its effective application on modern problems. Amid the nowadays active development of materials of top notch, ellipsometry is also evolving rapidly both in the academic and industry sectors. The global industry strategies, introduce the latest scientific advances at manufacturing new, more accurate, and reliable ellipsometry systems to tackle emerging challenges. The book provides a comprehensive overview on the principles and technical capabilities of the modern ellipsometry highlighting its versatility in materials characterization.

In situ Materials Characterization

Author: Alexander Ziegler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642451522
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Genre: Science

The behavior of nanoscale materials can change rapidly with time either because the environment changes rapidly or because the influence of the environment propagates quickly across the intrinsically small dimensions of nanoscale materials. Extremely fast time resolution studies using X-rays, electrons and neutrons are of very high interest to many researchers and is a fast-evolving and interesting field for the study of dynamic processes. Therefore, in situ structural characterization and measurements of structure-property relationships covering several decades of length and time scales (from atoms to millimeters and femtoseconds to hours) with high spatial and temporal resolutions are crucially important to understand the synthesis and behavior of multidimensional materials. The techniques described in this book will permit access to the real-time dynamics of materials, surface processes and chemical and biological reactions at various time scales. This book provides an interdisciplinary reference for research using in situ techniques to capture the real-time structural and property responses of materials to surrounding fields using electron, optical and x-ray microscopies (e.g. scanning, transmission and low-energy electron microscopy and scanning probe microscopy) or in the scattering realm with x-ray, neutron and electron diffraction.

Materials Characterization

Author: Naryanaswami (Mohan) Ranganathan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814613071
Release Date: 2016-01-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book, which is a result of a coordinated effort by 22 researchers from five different countries, addresses the methods of determining the local and global mechanical properties of a variety of materials: metals, plastics, rubber, and ceramics. The first chapter treats nanoindentation techniques comprehensively. Chapter 2 concerns polymer surface properties using nanoindentation techniques. Chapter 3 deals with the wear properties of dental composites. Chapter 4 compares the global and local properties of a lead-free solder. Chapter 5 discusses the methods of determining plastic zones at the crack tip. Fatigue resistance of a synthetic polymer under different loading conditions is dealt with in Chapter 6. Chapter 7 is a review of the methods used to measure fatigue crack growth resistance. Chapter 8 treats bulk and surface properties of coated materials, and the final chapter presents a method for determining elastic constants using a resonance technique. All in all, its depth of coverage makes it a must-have for research scholars, graduate students, and teachers.