The book of Exodus records the pivotal events in the formation of biblical Israel—the deliverance from slavery, the leadership of Moses, the wilderness wanderings, and the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai. Bible scholar Nahum Sarna, whose widely praised Understanding Genesis has become a standard text, examines and illuminates the distinctiveness of the Exodus narrative in light of ancient Near Eastern history and contemporaneous cultures—Egyptian, Assyrian, Canaanite, and Babylonian. In a new foreword to this edition, Sarna takes up the debate over whether the exodus from Egypt really happened, clarifying the arguments on both sides and drawing us back to the uniqueness and enduring significance of biblical text.
Author: Paul S. Coxon
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release Date: 2015-03-09
The theme of the New Exodus (NE) in John's Gospel has been largely unexplored in recent scholarship. Now, however, by careful intertextual exegesis of John 5-10, Paul Coxon has compellingly argued that not only is the NE key to interpreting the Fourth Gospel, but also to unlocking the mysteries of the Johannine "puzzle" itself. Anyone who is interested in searching the riches of this marvelous Gospel will want to explore the NE in John in these pages.
Just like in the Genesis book, a number of seemingly improbable events are recorded in the book of Exodus. Please don't worry about any of them anymore. The thing is; there is proof of most of the peculiarities, and for the rest, there are reasonable deductions with multiple comparative analysis assuring accuracy and scientific explanation. "Exodus" is truly a wild ride through the highly volatile Egyptian times. Like Genesis, many have trouble with the historical and scientific character of the second book of the Bible. This book looks at specific scientific research, historical reference, secondary Biblical texts and other ancient text comparisons to see if there are any anomalous characteristics that go outside modern scientific theory or historical reason. While the following questions have been used to establish uncertainty of the validity of Moses' second book, what we will find is that the inspiration and detailed accounting of these important egocentric years focused on Jewish development were very accurately and succinctly presented so that a Jewish nation could understand the facts and the rest of us could grow in our understanding of this world and the God who made it. While some of the details were before his time, much of the work was written from firsthand experience of the man we call Moses. A multitude of misrepresented events will be addressed to expand our understanding of this great work and hopefully eliminate the controversies. Some of the things we will find include: Moses was not the name of the Jewish leader during the Egyptian plagues and the hardships endured by the Jewish people were much worse than Moses wrote down. While Moses was king of the Cushites he gained the military knowledge to build the Jewish Army and Amalekites died when the Jews crossed the Red Sea.
Exodus in the Jewish Experience: Echoes and Reverberations investigates how the Exodus has been, and continues to be, a crucial source of identity for both Jews and Judaism. It explores how the Exodus has functioned as the primary hermeneutical model from which Jews have created theological meaning and historical self-understanding.
Author: Peter E. Enns
Publisher: Zondervan Academic
Release Date: 2014-11-04
Most Bible commentaries take us on a one-way trip from our world to the world of the Bible. But they leave us there, assuming that we can somehow make the return journey on our own. In other words, they focus on the original meaning of the passage but don't discuss its contemporary application. The information they offer is valuable--but the job is only half done! The NIV Application Commentary Series helps us with both halves of the interpretive task. This new and unique series shows readers how to bring an ancient message into a modern context. It explains not only what the Bible means but also how it can speak powerfully today.
Presenting a new perspective on the saga of the enslavement of the Jewish people and their departure from Egypt, this study compares the Jewish experience with that of African-American slaves in the United States, as well as the latter group’s subsequent fight for dignity and equality. This consideration dives deeply into the biblical narrative, using classical and modern commentaries to explore the social, psychological, religious, and philosophical dimensions of the slave experience and mentality. It draws on slave narratives, published letters, eyewitness accounts, and recorded interviews with former slaves, together with historical, sociological, economic, and political analyses of this era. The book explores the five major needs of every long-term victim and journeys through these five stages with the Israelite and the African-American slaves on their historical path toward physical and psychological freedom. This rich, multi-dimensional collage of parallel and contrasting experiences is designed to enrich readers’ understanding of the plight of these two groups.
Author: David J. Zucker
Publisher: Paulist Press
Release Date: 2005
As a chapter-by-chapter introduction to the Torah (the Pentateuch, or the first five books of the Bible), this work provides an excellent source for interfaith study of the Five Books of Moses; it provides a wealth of representative examples of the Torah in the Christian scriptures and in the rabbinic teachings of the midrash and the Talmud. There are sections on the Torah as a source of inspiration, its place in the ritual and prayer life of the synagogue, the term "Old Testament," and how the divisions of the Hebrew Bible compare to standard Christian editions of the Bible. In addition, major chapters are devoted to Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Each of these chapters is subdivided into the following sections: An introductory overview including diverse highlights of the particular book, A literal chapter-by-chapter description of the book, Representative quotations of that particular book within the Christian scriptures, Representative quotations of that particular book within the rich teachings of rabbinic literature; and finally, A special section of text study with notes for suggested readings. Other topics include a brief historical overview of the biblical period, the place of women in the Bible, who wrote the Torah, the development of Jewish law, the Torah in Jewish life, the Torah in Christian life, and what the Torah says about life today. Book jacket.
Author: Victor P. Hamilton
Publisher: Baker Books
Release Date: 2005-09-01
In this introduction to the first five books of the Old Testament, Victor Hamilton moves chapter by chapter through the Pentateuch, examining the content, structure, and theology. Hamilton surveys each major thematic unit of the Pentateuch and offers useful commentary on overarching themes and connections between Old Testament texts.
This is a daily inspirational study book, based on a pattern to read your Bible through in one year. Rev. Rodney Whittle, along with his congregation, used this plan for many years to read their Bible through; it was such a blessing to him personally. He decided to follow that same format, as he wrote this book. There are two passages to read a day, a morning Old Testament passage and an evening New Testament passage. He would take an inspirational thought he received from that passage and write a study. As he wrote the monthly booklets, he didn't necessarily do them in sequential order and he only lacked eight days of his last month (January), before he passed away. His wife, Grace, worked and completed the eight days that remained, with other materials he had written in times past. Rodney E. Whittle was born in Cereal, Alberta, Canada, on October 29, 1928, and died on September 8, 2007. At his home, two missionaries from the Canadian Sunday School Mission arrived on bicycles to do missionary work. Through the ministry of these men, Rodney was wonderfully converted and called to preach the gospel. He spent the years 1944-1950 at Prairie Bible Institute, where the missionary boys were attending. He met his wife, Grace at Prairie and they married on August 28, 1950 and celebrated 57 happy years together. He had four daughters, ten grandchildren, and six great grandchildren at the time of his passing. He pastored and helped many churches; Houston Texas, Dallas Texas, St. Louis Missouri, Minneapolis Minnesota, Nassau Bahamas, and Kingston Jamaica. He was pastoring in White Bear Lake, Minnesota, at the time of his death.
Author: Barbara Johnson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2010-02-25
Genre: Literary Criticism
Countering impressions of Moses reinforced by Sigmund Freud in his epoch-making Moses and Monotheism, this concise, engaging work begins with the perception that the story of Moses is at once the most nationalist and the most multicultural of all foundation narratives. Weaving together various texts—biblical passages, philosophy, poems, novels, opera, and movies—Barbara Johnson explores how the story of Moses has been appropriated, reimagined, and transmitted across cultures and historical moments. But she finds that already in the Bible, the story of Moses is a multicultural story, the story of someone who functions well in a world to which he, unbeknownst to the casual observer, does not belong. Using the Moses story as a lens through which to view questions at the heart of contemporary literary, philosophical, and ethical debates, Johnson shows how, through a close analysis of this figure's recurrence through time, we might understand something of the paradoxes, if not the impasses of contemporary multiculturalism.
Author: Steve A. Wiggins
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release Date: 2014-12-03
The weather is all around us all the time. From ancient times people have attributed the weather to the work of the gods. Ancient Israel shared this perception. The book of Psalms reflects theologically significant views on the weather that have not, until now, been fully explored. In this meteorological survey of the Psalms, whimsically called "meteorotheology," every reference to the weather is translated in accordance with the known climate and weather of ancient Israel. Each verse is discussed with particular attention to the function of the weather in the hymnal of ancient Israel. This book will be a resource for translators, clergy, and scholars with an interest in how the weather impacted religious outlooks in ancient Israel. Readers will learn that some expected associations, such as thunder and lightning, did not influence Israelite views on the natural world in the same way that they do today. Yahweh was God of the weather, and the Psalms frequently use this paradigm as a reason for both praise and fear of the Lord.
Author: Larry S. Milner
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Release Date: 2008-01-14
Significant interest has always existed about the origin of Classic Greek culture, but despite the long-standing attention, scholars continue to disagree on where this amazing civilization got its start. The Mycenaeans were the earliest Greek-speaking people on the mainland, but the country entered a Dark Age following the end of the Trojan War, and in the Archaic Age which followed, the fundamentals of Greek political and literary thought suddenly emerged, without a clear source of derivation. Historians have sometimes given credit to the Egyptians, Phoenicians, or other Eastern civilizations for this evolution, but no serious consideration has been given to the ancient Hebrews, despite the fact that the Exodus from Egypt took place during the Late Bronze Age, when Mycenae was at its peak of influence in the Mediterranean Basin. In Was Achilles a Jew? Hebraic Origins to Greek Civilization, Dr. Larry Milner argues that a group of Hebrews devoted to the traditions of the patriarchs left the Exodus following the parricidal reprisals instituted by Moses during the modification of Judaism into a monotheistic faith, and migrated to Mycenae, where they became immersed into Mycenaean culture, taking part in the Trojan War. His analysis provides the most persuasive argument to date about where the Eastern influence in Greece was generated.