Author: Nikolay Voutchkov
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2014-04-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO DESALINATION PLANT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE This Water Environment Federation and WateReuse Association publication describes state-of-the art operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting methods for reverse osmosis brackish and seawater desalination plants for municipal water supplies. All plant components are discussed in detail, from intake and pretreatment to discharge management. Best practices for maintaining plant equipment are also provided. Real-world examples illustrating the latest technologies and their practical implementation are included throughout this authoritative resource. Desalination Engineering covers: Source water open and subsurface intakes Source water pretreatment -- chemical conditioning, dissolved air flotation clarifiers, and granular media, membrane, and cartridge filters Reverse osmosis system operation Reverse osmosis system troubleshooting Post-treatment -- lime and carbon dioxide, calcite conditioning, remineralization, and disinfection Desalination plant discharge management Equipment maintenance -- pumps, air blowers, motors, bearings, valves, mechanical seals, mechanical drives, chemical feed systems, automatic samplers
Desalination Project Cost Estimating and Management examines the key issues associated with the estimation of costs for desalination plants. It covers all aspects of desalination project cost estimating and management: direct and indirect capital costs, fixed and variable operation and maintenance costs, and total costs for water production. In addition, it provides a detailed overview of the factors that influence project costs and discusses the technological and project delivery methods to control and optimize project costs. The book includes cost curves for the most commonly used seawater desalination facilities and numeric examples illustrating how to prepare a budgetary cost estimate for a typical desalination project. Features: •Presents a comprehensive engineering overview of key issues associated with desalination project cost estimating. •Includes cost curves which can be used for budgetary level estimates of capital, and operation and maintenance (O&M) expenditures. •Contains easy to use cost-estimating rules of thumb derived from actual desalination projects. •Includes several numeric examples illustrating the cost estimating process.
Thermal Solar Desalination: Methods and Systems presents numerous thermal seawater desalination technologies varying from the very simple, easy to construct and operate solar stills, to the more advance membrane and indirect distillation methods. All types of solar thermal desalination technologies are presented in detail to enable readers to comprehend the subject, from design details to enabling further research to be carried out in this area. The various units used in desalination are outlined, along with diagrams of all detailed working principles of desalination methods and systems. The authors consider the economic aspects of these processes, demonstrating successful implementation of desalination units suitable for areas where supplies of fresh water in natural ways is limited or non-existent. Includes detailed descriptions and design of all types of solar thermal desalination systems Lists a comprehensive record of seawater and fresh water thermophysical properties required in the design of desalination systems Contains equations to calculate and analyze the performance of the processes examined and assesses their practicality and application
Plant Operation - Maintenance And Management is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume presents state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Plant Operation - Maintenance And Management such as: Operation Of A Desalination Plant; Planning, Management, Operation And Maintenance Of Desalination Plants; Accident Prevention In Desalination Plants; Process Safety; The Desalination Project; Demand Assessment And The Supply /Demand Balance; Process Selection; Project Design Concept; Contract Make Up; Main And Subcontractor; Planning, Scheduling, And Progress Measurement; Fire Retardant Materials And Safety: Past, Present, Future -New Types Of Ecologically Friendly Flame Retardants. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers
Pretreatment for Reverse Osmosis Desalination is a comprehensive reference on all existing and emerging seawater pretreatment technologies used for desalination. The book focuses on reverse osmosis membrane desalination, which at present is the most widely applied technology for the production of fresh drinking water from highly saline water sources (brackish water and seawater). Each chapter contains examples illustrating various pretreatment technologies and their practical implementation. Provides in-depth overview of the key theoretical concepts associated with desalination pre-treatment Gives insight into the latest trends in membrane separation technology Incorporates analytical methods and guidelines for monitoring pretreatment systems
The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of computer aided process engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges," described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies."
Publisher: United Nations Publications
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Political Science
There is a growing concern among the international community that a pending water crisis is threatening the entire global population, not only those living in arid to semi-arid areas. This Report, the second in the series of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR), gives and overview of the water resources in the ESCWA (Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia) region based on the most recent data and information obtained from member countries. The state of water resources in the region is analyzed and assessed on the basis of data and indicators selected from available information and within the context of integrated water resources management (IWRM). The Report provides a comprehensive summary of the current situation of water resources in each member country in term of availability, accessibility and sustainability.
Advanced Engineering and Technology contains 110 technical papers from the 2014 Annual Congress on Advanced Engineering and Technology (CAET 2014, Hong Kong, 19-20 April 2014, including the 4th Workshop on Applied Mechanics and Civil Engineering, AMCE 2014). The contributions focus on advanced theories and technologies related to building engineering, geotechnical engineering, road and bridge engineering, hydraulic engineering, environmental engineering, pollution and control, water resources and water treatment, mechanics in engineering, water and soil conservation, numerical software and applications, climate change and environmental dynamics, intelligent safety systems, chemistry, biochemical and food engineering, and modelling and data analysis. Advanced Engineering and Technology will be useful to academics and professionals involved in civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, environmental engineering, modelling & data analysis, chemistry and biochemical engineering, and other related fields.
Although more than 70% of the globe is covered with water, only a small portion is suitable for direct human use, making the scarcity of freshwater one of our planet's most serious challenges. In this context, desalination, defined as "the separation of salts from water," is one of the possible solutions for appeasing our ever-increasing thirst. By drawing upon the expertise of a remarkable team of international authors, this book provides a simple, encompassing, and "multidisciplinary" introduction to desalination. The particular stregnth of this publication is its inclusive yet straightforward nature. In other words, the unique assortment of reader-friendly chapters is designed to cover the topic of desalination as a whole and strike a delicate balance between the technical and non-technical. To this end, the book is divided into five general sections: * The first section presents an overview of water scarcity, followed by a review of integrated water management and the alternatives to desalination. The fundamentals of desalination are also provided, including simple water chemistry. * The second section covers conventional desalination technologies, including thermal and membrane processes. The topics of pre- and post- treatment are given due credit, as all desalination plants are more or less reliant on them. * The third section reviews the history of how desalination technologies originated, including a review of today's R&D activities and cutting edge research. The topic of membrane manufacturing is also covered. * Section four is concerned with energy and environmental issues, including the application of renewable and nuclear energy, energy minimization, brine management, and environmental impacts. * Finally, section five covers the social and commercial issues, ranging from rural desalination to politics. Desalination costs and economic feasibility are discussed as well as issues in business development and future market prospects.
Author: Duncan Richardson
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2013-07-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The Best On-the-Job Guide to Industrial Plant Equipment and Systems This practical, one-of-a-kind field manual explains how equipment in industrial facilities operates and covers all aspects of commissioning relevant to engineers and project managers. Plant Equipment and Maintenance Engineering Handbook contains a data log of all major industrial and power plant components, describes how they function, and includes rules of thumb for operation. Hundreds of handy reference materials, such as calculations and tables, plus a comprehensive listing of electrical parts with common supplier nomenclature are also included in this time-saving resource. FEATURES DETAILED COVERAGE OF: Compressors * Air conditioning * Ash handling * Bearings and lubrication * Boilers * Chemical cleaning and Flushing * Condensers and circulating water systems * Controls * Conveyor systems * Cooling towers * Corrosion Deaerators * Diesel and gas turbines * Electrical * Fans * Fire protection * Fuels and combustion * Piping * Pumps Turbines * Vibration * Water treatment
Membrane Technology and Engineering for Water Purification, 2nd edition is written in a practical style with emphasis on: process description; key unit operations; systems design and costs; plant equipment description; equipment installation; safety and maintenance; process control; plant start-up; and operation and troubleshooting. It is supplemented by case studies and engineering rules-of-thumb. The author is a chemical engineer with extensive experience in the field, and his technical knowledge and practical know-how in the water purification industry are summarized succinctly in this new edition. This book will inform you which membranes to use in water purification and why, where and when to use them. It will help you to troubleshoot and improve performance and provides case studies to assist understanding through real-life examples. Membrane Technology section updated to include forward osmosis, electrodialysis, and diffusion dialysis Hybrid Membrane Systems expanded to cover zero liquid discharge, salt recovery and removal of trace contaminants Includes a new section on plant design, energy, and economics
Author: D. Stephenson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Supply of sufficient clean drinking water is often taken for granted, but it requires a considerable technical and financial effort to ensure reliable and economic water supply. This volume presents an up-to-date overview of water supply management and aims at efficient management of water supply schemes rather than design of new works. Various chapters of the book are devoted to water demands, management of reservoirs and conjunctive use of alternative sources. Asset management and loss control are also considered. Water quality and provision of water to developing communities are also discussed. Water supply management is of concern to developed urban environments as well as developing communities. The book will be equally valuable to the practising water engineer and the newcomer or graduate student in the subject.
Author: Umar M. Al-Turki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business
Release Date: 2014-04-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This book introduces the concept of integrated planning for maintenance and production taken into account quality and safety for high global socio-economic impact. It provides insight into the planning process at a global level starting from the business level and ending with the operational level where the plan is implemented and controlled.