Wnt Signaling in Development and Disease

Author: Stefan P. Hoppler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118444153
Release Date: 2014-02-28
Genre: Science

Wnt signaling in Development and Disease: Molecular Mechanisms and Biological Functions reviews the core topics in Wnt signaling, from molecular pathway mechanisms to its role in embryogenesis, adult tissue homeostasis, and chronic disease. Written by a team of expert reviewers, the book provides clear and concise coverage of the core foundations of Wnt signaling before advancing to discussion of cutting-edge scientific research. Focused on the biological insights and current scientific questions of Wnt signaling, this book will be a comprehensive and definitive resource for a wide range of researchers and students in cell signaling, cell physiology, developmental biology, and biomedical engineering, as well as anyone interested in learning more about this important and complex protein network. • A definitive source of information on Wnt signaling and its role in development and disease, written by leaders in the field. • Explores the role of Wnt signaling in chronic disease such as melanoma, colorectal cancer, dementia, and psychiatric diseases • Reviews the complex processes of signal integration and regulation • Features broad discussion of Wnt signaling biology as well as detailed discussion of the pathway’s role in diseases and potential clinical applications.

Molecular Mechanisms of Angiogenesis

Author: Jean-Jacques Feige
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9782817804668
Release Date: 2014-05-27
Genre: Science

Angiogenesis is a multi-stage process that drives the generation of new blood and lymphatic vessels from pre-existing ones. It is highly active during embryogenesis, largely inactive during adulthood but reactivated during wound healing and under a number of pathological conditions including cancer and ocular diseases. In addition to endothelial cells, which line the walls of the vessels, several other cell types (pericytes, macrophages, progenitor cells...) also contribute to angiogenesis. A number of signaling pathways are activated and very finely tune the delicate morphogenetic events that ultimately lead to the formation of stable blood proof neovessels. This book reviews recent advances in our understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms of angiogenesis, with a focus on how to integrate these observations into the context of developmental, post-natal and pathological neovascularization. The book was published under the auspices of the French Angiogenesis Society. Most contributors are prominent members of this Society or international researchers who have actively contributed to the Annual Meetings of the Society.

Cell Polarity in Development and Disease

Author: Douglas W Houston
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128125915
Release Date: 2017-11-14
Genre: Science

Cell Polarity in Development and Disease offers insights into the basic molecular mechanisms of common diseases that arise as a result of a loss of ordered organization and intrinsic polarity. Included are diseases affecting highly polarized epithelial tissues in the lung and kidney, as well as loss and gain of cell polarity in the onset and progression of cancer. This book provides a basic resource for understanding the biology of polarity, offering a starting point for those thinking of targeting cell polarity for translational medical research. Provides basic science understanding of cell polarity disease and development Covers diseases affecting polarized epithelial tissues in the lung and kidney, also covering the progression of cancer Includes historical context of cell polarity research for potential future breakthroughs

Adherens Junctions from Molecular Mechanisms to Tissue Development and Disease

Author: Tony J C Harris
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400741867
Release Date: 2012-06-07
Genre: Medical

Cell–cell adhesion is fundamental for the development and homeostasis of animal tissues and organs. Adherens junctions (AJs) are the best understood cell-cell adhesion complexes. In this volume, a group of internationally recognized experts reviews AJ biology over a wide range of organization; from atoms to molecules, to protein complexes, molecular networks, cells, tissues, and overall animal development. AJs have also been an integral part of animal evolution, and play central roles in cancer development, pathogen infection and other diseases. This book addresses major questions encompassing AJ biology. • How did AJs evolve? • How do cadherins and catenins interact to assemble AJs and mediate adhesion? • How do AJs interface with other cellular machinery to couple adhesion with the whole cell? • How do AJs affect cell behaviour and multicellular development? • How can abnormal AJ activity lead to disease?

Protein Kinases in Development and Disease

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128016244
Release Date: 2017-02-22
Genre: Science

Protein Kinases in Development and Disease discusses and reviews important, but often neglected, kinases. A good representation of current model organisms from plants and C. elegans to mice are used as the basis to illustrate how we can use our understanding of normal development to learn about disease. Reviews kinases, the fundamental regulators of most biological processes that have key roles in the development of all organisms Includes a broad scope of topics that are addressed Allows researchers and newcomers to this research area to gain a thorough picture of the current knowledge

Abeloff s Clinical Oncology E Book

Author: John E. Niederhuber
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455728817
Release Date: 2013-09-12
Genre: Medical

Practical and clinically focused, Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology is a trusted medical reference book designed to capture the latest scientific discoveries and their implications for cancer diagnosis and management of cancer in the most accessible manner possible. Abeloff’s equips everyone involved - from radiologists and oncologists to surgeons and nurses - to collaborate effectively and provide the best possible cancer care. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Select the most appropriate tests and imaging studies for cancer diagnosis and staging of each type of cancer, and manage your patients in the most effective way possible by using all of the latest techniques and approaches in oncology. Enhance your understanding of complex concepts with a color art program that highlights key points and illustrates relevant scientific and clinical problems. Stay at the forefront of the latest developments in cancer pharmacology, oncology and healthcare policy, survivorship in cancer, and many other timely topics. See how the most recent cancer research applies to practice through an increased emphasis on the relevance of new scientific discoveries and modalities within disease chapters. Streamline clinical decision making with abundant new treatment and diagnostic algorithms as well as concrete management recommendations. Take advantage of the collective wisdom of preeminent multidisciplinary experts in the field of oncology, including previous Abeloff’s editors John E. Niederhuber, James O. Armitage, and Michael B. Kastan as well as new editors James H. Doroshow from the National Cancer Institute and Joel E. Tepper of Gunderson & Tepper: Clinical Radiation Oncology. Quickly and effortlessly access the key information you need with the help of an even more user-friendly, streamlined format. Access the complete contents anytime, anywhere at Expert Consult, and test your mastery of the latest knowledge with 500 online multiple-choice review questions.

Kidney Development Disease Repair and Regeneration

Author: Melissa Helen Little
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128004388
Release Date: 2015-08-06
Genre: Medical

Kidney Development, Disease, Repair and Regeneration focuses on the molecular and cellular basis of kidney development, exploring the origins of kidney lineages, the development of kidney tissue subcompartments, as well as the genetic and environmental regulation of kidney development. Special coverage is given to kidney stem cells and possible steps towards kidney repair and regeneration. Emphasis is placed on the fetal origins of postnatal renal disease and our current understanding of the molecular basis of damage and repair. Biomedical researchers across experimental nephrology and developmental biology will find this a key reference for learning how the underlying developmental mechanisms of the kidney will lead to greater advances in regenerative medicine within nephrology. Offers researchers a single comprehensive resource written by leaders from both the developmental biology and the experimental nephrology communities Focuses on understanding the molecular basis of organogenesis in the kidney as well as how this can be affected both genetically and environmentally Explains the underlying developmental mechanisms which influence the kidney’s inherent repair capacity Demonstrates how a deeper understanding of mechanisms will lead to greater advances in regenerative medicine

Cell Migration in Development and Disease

Author: Doris Wedlich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527604074
Release Date: 2006-03-06
Genre: Science

Cell Migration matches nearly all research areas in cell and developmental biology, genetics, and biomedicine. The field shows radical progress powered by the combination of new genomic tools, cell labeling techniques and the incorporation of new model systems. This is the first book to comprehensively cover cell migration from the identification of molecular mechanisms to the understanding of certain pathological disorders and cancer development.

Intercellular Signaling in Development and Disease

Author: Edward A. Dennis
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123822161
Release Date: 2011-04-05
Genre: Science

Required reading for anyone involved in cell signaling research with articles written and edited by experts in the field. This title covers disease states such as lymphoid leukemia, breast cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, systemic sclerosis, andinflammatory bowel disease, along with up-to-date research on signaling systems and mutations in transcription factors that provide new targets for treating disease. Articles written and edited by experts in the field Thematic volume covering disease states such as lymphoid leukemia, breast cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, systemic sclerosis, and inflammatory bowel disease Up-to-date research on signaling systems and mutations in transcription factors that provide new targets for treating disease

Genetics of Bone Biology and Skeletal Disease

Author: Rajesh V. Thakker
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128041987
Release Date: 2017-10-31
Genre: Medical

Genetics of Bone Biology and Skeletal Disease, Second Edition, is aimed at students of bone biology and genetics and includes general introductory chapters on bone biology and genetics. More specific disease orientated chapters comprehensively summarize the clinical, genetic, molecular, animal model, molecular pathology, diagnostic, counseling, and treatment aspects of each disorder. The book is organized into five sections that each emphasize a particular theme, general background to bone biology, general background to genetics and epigenetics, disorders of bone and joint, parathyroid and related disorders, and vitamin D and renal disorders. The first section is specifically devoted to providing an overview of bone biology and structure, joint and cartilage biology, principles of endocrine regulation of bone, and the role of neuronal regulation and energy homeostasis. The second section reviews the principles and progress of medical genetics and epigenetics related to bone disease, including genome-wide association studies (GWAS), genomic profiling, copy number variation, prospects of gene therapy, pharmacogenomics, genetic testing and counseling, as well as the generation and utilizing of mouse models. The third section details advances in the genetics and molecular biology of bone and joint diseases, both monogenic and polygenic, as well as skeletal dysplasias, and rarer bone disorders. The fourth section highlights the central role of the parathyroids in calcium and skeletal homeostasis by reviewing the molecular genetics of: hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyrodism, endocrine neoplasias, and disorders of the PTH and calcium-sensing receptors. The fifth section details molecular and cellular advances across associated renal disorders such as vitamin D and rickets. Identifies and analyzes the genetic basis of bone disorders in humans and demonstrates the utility of mouse models in furthering the knowledge of mechanisms and evaluation of treatments Demonstrates how the interactions between bone and joint biology, physiology, and genetics have greatly enhanced the understanding of normal bone function as well as the molecular pathogenesis of metabolic bone disorders Summarizes the clinical, genetic, molecular, animal model, molecular pathology, diagnostic, counseling, and treatment aspects of each disorder

Cancer Signaling

Author: Christoph Wagener
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527336586
Release Date: 2016-12-12
Genre: Science

Cancer, which has become the second-most prevalent health issue globally, is essentially resulting from a malfunction of cell signaling. Understanding how the intricate signaling networks of cells and tissues allow a cancer to thrive - and how these networks can be turned into potent weapons against it - is the key to managing cancer in the clinic and improving the outcome of cancer therapies. In their ground-breaking textbook, the authors tell a compelling story of how cancer works at the molecular level, and how targeted therapies - using kinase inhibitors and other modulators of signaling pathways - can contain and eventually cure it. The first part of the book gives an introduction into the cell and molecular biology of cancer, focusing on the key mechanisms of cancer formation. The second part of the book introduces the main signaling transduction mechanisms responsible for carcinogenesis and compares their functions in healthy versus cancer cells. Coloured figures and the text which is written in plain style make the complex topic easy to understand. Specially prepared teaching videos on key concepts and pathways in cancer signaling illustrate the most relevant aspects and are available online.

Human Embryology and Developmental Biology E Book

Author: Bruce M. Carlson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323082792
Release Date: 2008-11-25
Genre: Medical

This thoroughly revised 4th edition offers both clear descriptions and explanations of human embryonic development based on all the most up-to-date scientific discoveries and understanding. Particular attention is paid to the fundamental aspects of molecular mechanisms in development, introducing you to major families of important developmental molecules. Clinical aspects of development are covered throughout in boxed sections of text. First-rate illustrations complete this essential package. Integrates contemporary developmental knowledge with classical embryological understanding. Interprets complex molecular developments, to help you learn how exactly the embryo develops. Presents first-rate clinical photos and clear drawings, to help you to memorize and understand normal and abnormal development. Uses clear sections within the chapter and summaries at the end of each to help you navigate this complex subject. Includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help you assess your knowledge. Provides more coverage of molecular development to help you interpret complex information. Revises the section on the development of the head, particularly useful for dental students.

Principles of Developmental Genetics

Author: Sally A. Moody
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124059238
Release Date: 2014-09-02
Genre: Science

Providing expert coverage of all major events in early embryogenesis and the organogenesis of specific systems, and supplemented with representative clinical syndromes, Principles of Developmental Genetics, Second Edition discusses the processes of normal development in embryonic and prenatal animals, including humans. The new edition of this classic work supports clinical researchers developing future therapies with its all-new coverage of systems biology, stem cell biology, new technologies, and clinical disorders. A crystal-clear layout, exceptional full-color design, and bulleted summaries of major takeaways and clinical pathways assist comprehension and readability of the highly complex content. All-new coverage of systems biology and stem cell biology in context of evolving technologies places the work squarely on the modern sciences Chapters are complemented with a bulleted summary for easy digestion of the major points, with a clinical summary for therapeutic application Clinical highlights provides a bridge between basic developmental biology and clinical sciences in embryonic and prenatal syndromes

Wnt Signaling in Embryonic Development

Author: Sergei Sokol
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008047134X
Release Date: 2011-09-22
Genre: Science

A superb compilation of reviews from leading experts in the field of Wnt signaling (signaling molecules that regulate cell-to-cell interactions during embryogenesis), volume 17 in the Advances in Developmental Biology series offers 7 chapters, each devoted to a separate area of research on Wnt signaling. Written by specialists in the field, these chapters cover different levels of signaling, including: ligands, receptors, cytoplasmic and nuclear components of the pathway. This book discusses a number of model systems including mice, Drosophila, Xenopus, zebrafish, C. elegans, and mammalian cells. Together, these chapters review the available knowledge and will fill gaps in our understanding of this interesting network of cell signaling processes. * Includes two parts devoted to the canonical (beta-catenin dependent) and non-canonical branches of Wnt signalling to the cytoskeleton * Offers insight to large genomic data that are now available for the analysis of Wnt gene targets * Discusses regulators of the cytoskeleton such as small GTPAses of the Rho family, jun-N-terminal kinases and other MAP kinases, and proteins involved in the generation of cell polarity

Encyclopedia of Cell Biology

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123947963
Release Date: 2015-08-07
Genre: Science

The Encyclopedia of Cell Biology offers a broad overview of cell biology, offering reputable, foundational content for researchers and students across the biological and medical sciences. This important work includes 285 articles from domain experts covering every aspect of cell biology, with fully annotated figures, abundant illustrations, videos, and references for further reading. Each entry is built with a layered approach to the content, providing basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for the more experienced researcher. With authored contributions by experts in the field, the Encyclopedia of Cell Biology provides a fully cross-referenced, one-stop resource for students, researchers, and teaching faculty across the biological and medical sciences. Fully annotated color images and videos for full comprehension of concepts, with layered content for readers from different levels of experience Includes information on cytokinesis, cell biology, cell mechanics, cytoskeleton dynamics, stem cells, prokaryotic cell biology, RNA biology, aging, cell growth, cell Injury, and more In-depth linking to Academic Press/Elsevier content and additional links to outside websites and resources for further reading A one-stop resource for students, researchers, and teaching faculty across the biological and medical sciences