Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis

Author: Gilberto Francisco Martha de Souza
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447123095
Release Date: 2012-01-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The analysis of the reliability and availability of power plants is frequently based on simple indexes that do not take into account the criticality of some failures used for availability analysis. This criticality should be evaluated based on concepts of reliability which consider the effect of a component failure on the performance of the entire plant. System reliability analysis tools provide a root-cause analysis leading to the improvement of the plant maintenance plan. Taking in view that the power plant performance can be evaluated not only based on thermodynamic related indexes, such as heat-rate, Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis focuses on the presentation of reliability-based tools used to define performance of complex systems and introduces the basic concepts of reliability, maintainability and risk analysis aiming at their application as tools for power plant performance improvement, including: · selection of critical equipment and components, · definition of maintenance plans, mainly for auxiliary systems, and · execution of decision analysis based on risk concepts. The comprehensive presentation of each analysis allows future application of the methodology making Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis a key resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students in mechanical and nuclear engineering.

Risk Management of Non Renewable Energy Systems

Author: Ajit Kumar Verma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319160627
Release Date: 2015-05-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book describes the basic concepts of risk and reliability with detailed descriptions of the different levels of probabilistic safety assessment of nuclear power plants (both internal and external). The book also maximizes readers insights into time dependent risk analysis through several case studies, whilst risk management with respect to non renewable energy sources is also explained. With several advanced reactors utilizing the concept of passive systems, the reliability estimation of these systems are explained in detail with the book providing a reliability estimation of components through mechanistic model approach. This book is useful for advanced undergraduate and post graduate students in nuclear engineering, aerospace engineering, industrial engineering, reliability and safety engineering, systems engineering and applied probability and statistics. This book is also suitable for one-semester graduate courses on risk management of non renewable energy systems in all conventional engineering branches like civil, mechanical, chemical, electrical and electronics as well as computer science. It will also be a valuable reference for practicing engineers, managers and researchers involved in reliability and safety activities of complex engineering systems.

Advances in Energy and Power Systems

Author: Sri Niwas Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811306624
Release Date: 2018-05-31
Genre: Science

This book comprises select proceedings of the International Conference on Advancement in Energy, Drives, and Control. It covers pioneering topics in the field of renewable energy and power management, including energy storage, distribution, and control. It also discusses methods of optimizing power distribution and generation systems. This book is of use to researchers, professionals, and students from across engineering disciplines.

Pumps as Turbines

Author: Armando Carravetta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319675077
Release Date: 2017-10-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book provides users, pump manufactures, engineers, researchers and students with extensive information about pump’s behavior in reverse operation. It reports on cutting-edge methods for selecting the proper PAT and improving PAT’s efficiency, discusses PAT’s reliability, economic issues and environmental impact as well. The book describes in detail electromechanical equipment of PAT systems, their installation and operation, and gives important practical insight into the use of PAT in water transmission and distribution systems, as part of thermal power plants and cooling systems, in oil distribution systems and other systems as well. It reports on different types on PAT control modes as well as on numerical methods useful for PAT analysis and implementation. All in all, the book represents a comprehensive practice-oriented reference-guide to design engineers, as well as PAT general users and manufactures. It also provides researchers with extensive technical information on the use of PAT thus fostering new discussions and ideas to improve current methods and cope with future challenges.

Advances in Power Systems and Energy Management

Author: Amik Garg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811043949
Release Date: 2017-11-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is a collection of research articles and critical review articles, describing the overall approach to energy management. The book emphasizes the technical issues that drive energy efficiency in context of power systems. This book contains case studies with and without solutions on modelling, simulation and optimization techniques. It covers some innovative topics such as medium voltage (MV) back-to-back (BTB) system, cost optimization of a ring frame unit in textile industry, rectenna for radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting, ecology and energy dimension in infrastructural designs, 2.4 kW three-phase inverter for aircraft application, study of automatic generation control (AGC) in a two area hydrothermal power system, energy-efficient and reliable depth-based routing protocol for underwater wireless sensor network, and power line communication using LabVIEW. This book is primarily targeted at researchers and senior graduate students, but is also highly useful for the industry professional and scientists.

Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors

Author: Bahman Zohuri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319538297
Release Date: 2017-06-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This revised text covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems and the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power plant systems. The book begins with fundamental definitions of units and dimensions, thermodynamic variables and the Laws of Thermodynamics progressing to sections on specific applications of the Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation and projected reactor systems design issues. It is not a traditional general thermodynamics text, per se, but a practical thermodynamics volume intended to explain the fundamentals and apply them to the challenges facing actual nuclear power plants systems, where thermal hydraulics comes to play. There have been significant new findings for intercooled systems since the previous edition published and they will be included in this volume. New technology plans for using a Nuclear Air-Brayton as a storage system for a low carbon grid are presented along with updated component sizes and performance criteria for Small Modular Reactors. Written in a lucid, straight-forward style while retaining scientific rigor, the content is accessible to upper division undergraduate students and aimed at practicing engineers in nuclear power facilities and engineering scientists and technicians in industry, academic research groups, and national laboratories. The book is also a valuable resource for students and faculty in various engineering programs concerned with nuclear reactors.

Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment

Author: Kefa Cen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540766944
Release Date: 2009-03-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is the proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering-2007. The fields of this book include power engineering and relevant environmental issues. The recent technological advances in power engineering and related areas are introduced. This book is valuable for researchers, engineers and students majoring in power engineering.

Reliability Engineering

Author: Alessandro Birolini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662542095
Release Date: 2017-03-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book shows how to build in and assess reliability, availability, maintainability, and safety (RAMS) of components, equipment, and systems. It presents the state of the art of reliability (RAMS) engineering, in theory & practice, and is based on over 30 years author's experience in this field, half in industry and half as Professor of Reliability Engineering at the ETH, Zurich. The book structure allows rapid access to practical results. Methods & tools are given in a way that they can be tailored to cover different RAMS requirement levels. Thanks to Appendices A6 - A8 the book is mathematically self-contained, and can be used as a textbook or as a desktop reference with a large number of tables (60), figures (210), and examples / exercises^ 10,000 per year since 2013) were the motivation for this final edition, the 13th since 1985, including German editions. Extended and carefully reviewed to improve accuracy, it represents the continuous improvement effort to satisfy reader's needs and confidence. New are an introduction to risk management with structurally new models based on semi-Markov processes & to the concept of mean time to accident, reliability & availability of a k-out-of-n redundancy with arbitrary repair rate for n - k=2, 10 new homework problems, and refinements, in particular, on multiple failure mechanisms, approximate expressions, incomplete coverage, data analysis, and comments on ë, MTBF, MTTF, MTTR, R, PA.

Operation and Maintenance of Thermal Power Stations

Author: Pradip Chanda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9788132227229
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book illustrates operation and maintenance practices/guidelines for economic generation and managing health of a thermal power generator beyond its regulatory life. The book provides knowledge for professionals managing power station operations, through its unique approach to chemical analysis of water, steam, oil etc. to identify malfunctioning/defects in equipment/systems much before the physical manifestation of the problem. The book also contains a detailed procedure for conducting performance evaluation tests on different equipment, and for analyzing test results for predicting maintenance requirements, which has lent a new dimension to power systems operation and maintenance practices. A number of real life case studies also enrich the book. This book will prove particularly useful to power systems operations professionals in the developing economies, and also to researchers and students involved in studying power systems operations and control.

Combined Cycle Driven Efficiency for Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants

Author: Bahman Zohuri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319155609
Release Date: 2015-03-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Introduces the concept of combined cycles for next generation nuclear power plants, explaining how recent advances in gas turbines have made these systems increasingly desirable for efficiency gains and cost-of-ownership reduction. Promulgates modelling and analysis techniques to identify opportunities for increased thermodynamic efficiency and decreased water usage over current Light Water Reactor (LWR) systems. Examines all power conversion aspects, from the fluid exiting the reactor to energy releases into the environment, with special focus on heat exchangers and turbo-machinery. Provides examples of small projects to facilitate nuanced understanding of the theories and implementation of combined-cycle nuclear plants. This book explores combined cycle driven efficiency of new nuclear power plants and describes how to model and analyze a nuclear heated multi-turbine power conversion system operating with atmospheric air as the working fluid. The included studies are intended to identify paths for future work on next generation nuclear power plants (GEN-IV), leveraging advances in natural-gas-fired turbines that enable coupling salt-cooled, helium-cooled, and sodium-cooled reactors to a Nuclear Air-Brayton Combined Cycle (NACC). These reactors provide the option of operating base-load nuclear plants with variable electricity output to the grid using natural gas or stored heat to produce peak power. The author describes overall system architecture, components and detailed modelling results of Brayton-Rankine Combined Cycle power conversion systems and Recuperated Brayton Cycle systems, since they offer the highest overall energy conversion efficiencies. With ever-higher temperatures predicted in GEN-IV plants, this book’s investigation of potential avenues for thermodynamic efficiency gains will be of great interest to nuclear engineers and researchers, as well as power plant operators and students.

Fatigue and Fracture Reliability Engineering

Author: J.J. Xiong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0857292188
Release Date: 2011-01-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Fatigue and Fracture Reliability Engineering is an attempt to present an integrated and unified approach to reliability determination of fatigue and fracture behaviour, incorporating probability, statistics and other related areas. A series of original and practical approaches, are suggested in Fatigue and Fracture Reliability Engineering, including new techniques in determining fatigue and fracture performances. It also carries out an investigation into static and fatigue properties, and into the failure mechanisms of unnotched and notched CFR composite laminates with different lay-ups to optimize the stacking sequence effect. Further benefits include: a novel convergence-divergence counting procedure to extract all load cycles from a load history of divergence-convergence waves; practical scatter factor formulae to determine the safe fatigue crack initiation and propagation lives from the results of a single full-scale test of a complete structure; and a nonlinear differential kinetic model for describing the dynamical behaviour of an atom at a fatigue crack tip. Fatigue and Fracture Reliability Engineering is intended for practising engineers in marine, civil construction, aerospace, offshore, automotive and chemical industries. It is also useful reading for researchers on doctoral programmes, and is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in any mechanically-oriented engineering discipline.

Hybrid and Fully Thermoelectric Solar Harvesting

Author: Dario Narducci
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319764276
Release Date: 2018-03-26
Genre: Science

This book provides a comprehensive overview on fully thermal and hybrid solar generators based on thermoelectric devices. The book fills a gap in the literature on solar conversion and thermoelectrics, because despite the growing number of papers dealing with the use of thermoelectrics in solar power conversion, no book exists for PV specialists or thermoelectricity experts to enter this field. The book is intended as a primer for scientists or engineers willing to complement their expertise in one of the two fields, and to get an updated, critical review of the state of the art in thermoelectric solar harvesting.

Combined Cycle Gas Steam Turbine Power Plants

Author: Rolf Kehlhofer
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 9781593701680
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Technology & Engineering

With this third edition, international expert Rolf Kehlhofer leads a team of eminent engineers for the long-awaited update of the 'bible' for combined-cycle plants. Recognized as the foremost technical and economic reference for these complex facilities, ""Combined-Cycle for Gas & Steam Turbine Power Plants, 3rd Edition"", still offers the backbone of basics in system layout, details on controls and automation, and operating instructions. New information includes a chapter devoted to the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), in-depth technical information on heat recovery steam generator, and a diverse group of real-world combined-cycle plant case studies.

Applications of Solar Energy

Author: Himanshu Tyagi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811072062
Release Date: 2017-11-29
Genre: Science

This book focuses on solar-energy-based renewable energy systems and discusses the generation of electric power using solar photovoltaics, as well as some new techniques, such as solar towers, for both residential and commercial needs. Such systems have played an important role in the move towards low-emission and sustainable energy sources. The book covers a variety of applications, such as solar water heaters, solar air heaters, solar drying, nanoparticle-based direct absorption solar systems, solar volumetric receivers, solar-based cooling systems, solar-based food processing and cooking, efficient buildings using solar energy, and energy storage for solar thermal systems. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, students, and professionals alike.

Methodologies and Techniques for Advanced Maintenance

Author: Lorenzo Fedele
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0857291033
Release Date: 2011-01-06
Genre: Business & Economics

The management of technical plants for productivity and safety is generally a complex activity, particularly when many plants in one territory are affected, quality guarantees and cost results are required, and the technology involved is heterogeneous and innovative. To enable readers to manage technical plants efficiently, despite the above complications, Methodologies and Techniques for Advanced Maintenance presents theories, methodologies and practical tools for the realization of an intelligent maintenance management system for distant monitoring. It also covers the development and running of a remote control center. The so-called granted availability management system (GrAMS) was conceived to enable organizations involved in technical-industrial plant management to move towards “well known availability” and “zero failures” management. In particular, Methodologies and Techniques for Advanced Maintenance deals with the diagnostic aspects and safety levels of technical plants (such as elevators, thermo-technical plants, etc.). The author also discusses the usage of ad hoc designed software analysis tools based on neural networks and reliability indicators. Methodologies and Techniques for Advanced Maintenance is a useful text for practitioners and researchers in maintenance and facilities. Its application spans industrial, plant, technological, infrastructure and civil fields.