Critical Approaches to the Study of Higher Education

Author: Ana M. Martínez-Alemán
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9781421416649
Release Date: 2015-04-16
Genre: Education

Critical theory has much to teach us about higher education. By linking critical models, methods, and research tools with an advocacy-driven vision of the central challenges facing postsecondary researchers and staff, Critical Approaches to the Study of Higher Education makes a significant—and long overdue—contribution to the development of the field. The contributors argue that, far from being overly abstract, critical tools and methods are central to contemporary scholarship and can have practical policy implications when brought to the study of higher education. They argue that critical research design and critical theories help scholars see beyond the normative models and frameworks that have long limited our understanding of students, faculty, institutions, the organization and governance of higher education, and the policies that shape the postsecondary arena. A rigorous and invaluable guide for researchers seeking innovative approaches to higher education and the morass of traditionally functionalist, rational, and neoliberal thinking that mars the field, this book is also essential for instructors who wish to incorporate the lessons of critical scholarship into their course development, curriculum, and pedagogy.

Learning Standards and the Assessment of Quality in Higher Education Contested Policy Trajectories

Author: Jon Yorke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319329246
Release Date: 2016-07-13
Genre: Education

This book analyses accountability and quality policies relating to learning standards and examines their implications for assessment in higher education. Whilst primarily focusing on the Australian setting, this analysis is located within a broader frame of reference that includes the United Kingdom (UK), the United States of America (US), and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Across these settings, comparative measures of learning have been seen as a policy ‘solution’ to the problem of ‘proving quality’ in a globalised and increasingly competitive higher education market. Comparative measures of learning depend on the specification of learning standards. Learning standards attempt to articulate the capabilities expected of graduates, and students’ achievement of these is determined through the practices of assessment carried out within institutions. Quality policy, learning standards and assessment practices all intersect within the broader umbrella of accountability, with relevance to governments, higher education providers, employers, parents, and students. The findings reported in this book highlight a number of policy influences, including the rising demands for national and international comparative data on learning standards to compare quality and inform student choice in a globally competitive market.

Theory and Method in Higher Education Research

Author: Jeroen Huisman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 178560287X
Release Date: 2015-10-07
Genre: Education, Higher

Higher education research is a developing field internationally, which is attracting more and more researchers from a great variety of disciplinary backgrounds within and beyond higher education institutions. As such, it is an arena within which a wide range of theories, methods and methodologies is being applied. Theory and Method in Higher Education Research I contains contemporary contributions to international debates regarding the application and development of theory and methodology in researching higher education.

Higher Education Handbook of Theory and Research

Author: J.C. Smart
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402032781
Release Date: 2005-04-14
Genre: Education

Published annually since 1985, the Handbook series provides a compendium of thorough and integrative literature reviews on a diverse array of topics of interest to the higher education scholarly and policy communities. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of research findings on a selected topic, critiques the research literature in terms of its conceptual and methodological rigor, and sets forth an agenda for future research intended to advance knowledge on the chosen topic. The Handbook focuses on twelve general areas that encompass the salient dimensions of scholarly and policy inquiries undertaken in the international higher education community. The series is fortunate to have attracted annual contributions from distinguished scholars throughout the world.

Handbook of Research on Applied Learning Theory and Design in Modern Education

Author: Railean, Elena
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781466696358
Release Date: 2015-11-09
Genre: Education

The field of education is in constant flux as new theories and practices emerge to engage students and improve the learning experience. Research advances help to make these improvements happen and are essential to the continued improvement of education. The Handbook of Research on Applied Learning Theory and Design in Modern Education provides international perspectives from education professors and researchers, cyberneticists, psychologists, and instructional designers on the processes and mechanisms of the global learning environment. Highlighting a compendium of trends, strategies, methodologies, technologies, and models of applied learning theory and design, this publication is well-suited to meet the research and practical needs of academics, researchers, teachers, and graduate students as well as curriculum and instructional design professionals.

Teacher Education and Development Study

Author: Christin Laschke
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783830977698
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Education

Die 'Teacher Education and Development Study: Learning to Teach Mathematics (TEDS-M)' der International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) war die erste international-vergleichende Studie, die den tertiären Bildungssektor mit standardisierten Testungen in den Blick nahm. Die Studie verglich die am Ende der Mathematiklehrerausbildung erreichten Kompetenzen von Lehrkräften für die Primarstufe und die Sekundarstufe I in 16 Staaten. Deutschland beteiligte sich mit repräsentativen Stichproben von Mathematiklehrkräften für die Primarstufe bzw. die Sekundarstufe I im letzten Jahr ihrer Ausbildung aus allen Bundesländern sowie einer repräsentativen Stichprobe von Lehrerausbildenden in entsprechenden Ausbildungsgängen. Diese Skalendokumentation enthält - soweit freigegeben - die Instrumente aller TEDS-M-Befragungen und -Testungen in deutscher und englischer Sprache (einschl. Kodierleitfäden). Für die Verwendung in weiteren Studien werden die Fragen zur Person ebenso dokumentiert wie die Fragen zu den Überzeugungen und Lerngelegenheiten der angehenden Lehrkräfte sowie der Lehrerausbildenden. Die Skalendokumentation stellt so auch ein unverzichtbares Hilfsmittel dar, um mit den kürzlich freigegebenen TEDS-M-Datensätzen Sekundäranalysen durchführen zu können. Darüber hinaus können der Skalendokumentation die wichtigsten Kennwerte zu den TEDS-M-Ergebnissen entnommen werden: Häufigkeiten, Mittelwerte, Standardfehler, verschiedene Verteilungsmaße und die Anteile fehlender Werte.

Verwaltung war gestern

Author: Christian Schneijderberg
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593397276
Release Date: 2013-11
Genre: Social Science

Die Organisation von Studium und Lehre wird zunehmend mehr zu einer Gestaltungs- denn Verwaltungsaufgabe. Daher hat in den vergangenen Jahren die Zahl Hochqualifizierter, die selbst nicht primär in Forschung und Lehre tätig sind, aber dennoch die Organisation des Hochschulalltags aktiv mitgestalten, deutlich zugenommen. Die Autoren analysieren und definieren diese »Neuen Hochschulprofessionen« und ziehen einen europäischen Vergleich.

Intellectual Capital Management

Author: Jalil Khavand Kar
Publisher: ISESCO and UNESCO
ISBN: 9789641961949
Release Date: 2013-09-12
Genre: Business & Economics

“How does the management handle the important know-how capital? It is considerably more important to know what is invested in it in the form of education, research etc., than what is invested in office furniture. Nevertheless it is the latter that figures in the annual accounts.” —Karl-Erik Sveiby, The Invisible Balance Sheet[1] This was a critical juncture in the life of Intellectual Capital Management (ICM). Since the 1990s, the topic of intangibles has been the focus of attention for both academic researches and business practices. A significant amount of literature attempts to understand the nature of intangibles, to measure them, as well as to assess the value relevance of different intangible elements. Given the economic importance of intangibles, a number of intangible measurement frameworks or models have been developed, and different guidelines have been constructed. Nowadays, there is no doubt that if nations and organizations want to attain a competitive advantage, they have to deal with intellectual capital. They are in the balance sheets of national and organizational wealth and value, although not in the explicit terms and figures that accountants need for calculation. Almost 23years ago, Sveiby in his book, the invisible Balance Sheet, wrote: “Rarely is the question asked, why measure intangibles? The answer is not self-evident. Intangibles are difficult and expensive to measure and the results are so uncertain, so the reason had better be a good one.” [2] We know that the answers to this question probably already exist within our organizations, but we have yet to map the easiest and most accessible routes to them. However, a significant amount of empirical research can be found in the field of value relevance of intangibles, most of this has focused on the impacts of individual intellectual capital components on firm`s overall performance, and little is known regarding the internal composition and complementarities between intellectual capital management and other organisational capabilities. Nowadays, modern management practices are considered as a strategic means of competitive advantage. From the resource-based point of view, the value of resources does not only reside in the resources themselves but also in the way they are deployed. Therefore, capabilities can also be seen themselves as intangible resources. Therefore, apart from the lack of theoretical background and contextual information, general intellectual capital studies suffer from the availability of practical case studies about how to manage them. This issue is becoming even more prominent in case of universities; where it is coupled with the dichotomous of the definition of perceived/expected value of intellectual capital in higher education sectors. For many, the intellectual capital of universities assumed to be in its highest level of excellence, while new researches show that universities false to achieve expected innovativeness goals. This issue needs more attention from higher education policy makers since nowadays it is more expected that universities facilitate the spread and transfer of new knowledge and technology to the business world, while adopting more businesslike approaches and becoming more outward-looking. With this aim, some third generation universities have established or supported formation of science parks near their campuses as an structure for fostering knowledge and technology transfer and application of scarce research resources to increase the dynamism between the between the academic world and the business world. Generally it is expected that science parks contribute to the regional development by fostering the growth of knowledge-based firms, advocating relationships and networking among large companies and SMEs, and providing the linkage opportunities between firms and R&D institutions and universities. Many researchers and economists have linked output from science parks and business incubators to economic growth indicators, such as job and wealth creation in developed and developing countries. From this prospective, it seems that the definition of science park shares certain similarities with the concept of the business ecosystem where the focus is to build an extensive network of partners that can enable companies to innovate faster, at lower cost, while enhancing their tangible and intangible assets, and create new value through an increased number and variety of information, knowledge flows and services available to them. Considering the knowledge intensive nature of onsite SMEs, researchers have indicated that intellectual capital is likely to be the key sources of sustainable competitive advantage for SMEs. Therefore, science park capabilities in localising the knowledge spillover and providing networking opportunities become a critical source for development of intellectual capital stocks in onsite SMEs. Therefore, SMEs` benefits will be enhanced if intellectual capital management practices can be captured, learned, codified, applied, developed and transferred through co-evolution and co-opetition opportunities, and via the innovation platform of science park business ecosystem. Now, what if universities as an important role players in such business ecosystems fail to manage their intellectual capital stock, or do not continuously develop their intellectual capital management capabilities? On both universities and companies sides, many executives and managers don’t even know that intellectual capital management exists, or that it is the solution to many issues concerning improving organisational efficiency, effectiveness, and innovation. There are many intellectual capital management failures to point to; perhaps more failures than successes. Does intellectual capital management then have, or even need, a future? If so, what are the best practices in managing intellectual capital in both academic and business eras? This book is a response to the fact that on the whole, universities and SMEs have grappled with, but not yet mastered, intellectual capital management. The central motivation for assembling the contributions in this book on the intellectual capital management derives from the observation that very few universities and located knowledge intensive small and medium sized businesses on universities science parks appear to be inclined to explain what intellectual capital is or how it works socially, organizationally or economically. This book has pulled together number of leading researchers from a range of intellectual capital management studies disciplines in one convenient volume. The chapters in this book include the selected and most up-to-date ideas, concepts, practices and case studies on the subject of intellectual capital management, particularly in higher education, science and technology, submitted to the 5th International Conference on Intellectual Capital Management. The overall objective is to inform the higher education policy makers and entrepreneurial individuals about the importance of intellectual capital management and to provide practical but principled guidance for enhancing such capabilities. The mission is to condense emerging IC theory and to distill it into actionable form of immediate relevance and use by potential audiences. Jalil Khavand Kar September, 2013 [1] Sveiby, Karl-Erik. (1989), The Invisible Balance Sheet; Key indicators for accounting, control and valuation of know-how companies, Stockholm: The Konrad Group. P.12. [2] Sveiby, Karl-Erik, Accessible via: (http://www.sveiby.com/articles/IntangibleMethods.htm) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Contents Preface xi Acknowledgement xv About the Authors xvii Section One: Concepts, Definitions and Frameworks Chapter. 1: Intellectual Capital, Higher Education, Science Parks and Techno based Enterprises Jalil Khavand Kar 3 Chapter. 2: Knowledge Management: What It Really Means and How We Should Go About It? Shafqat Farooq 11 Chapter. 3: Knowledge Creation based on Communities: The Japanese Approach Pierre-Marie Fayard 31 Section Two: Higher Education Chapter. 4: The Local Economic Impact of Higher Education Institutions in Hungary Balázs Kotosz 45 Chapter. 5: Knowledge Management between Colleges and Industry: A Case Study in Turkey Asaf Varol and Cihan Varol 61 Chapter. 6: Human Capital Management through Entrepreneurial Education at Higher Education Institutions - Myth or Reality? Sana Ahmed 77 Chapter. 7: Intellectual Capital and Internationalization of Entrepreneurial Universities Hiroko Kawamorita, Aidin Salamzadeh and Saeed Jafari Moghadam 87 Chapter. 8: Using Appreciative Inquiry in Developing Intellectual Capital in Mihail Kogalniceanu University Ștefan Antonio SANDU 111 Section Three: Entreprise Chapter. 9: Knowledge Management Strategies in Technopreneurial Firms Kavoos Mohannak 139 Chapter. 10: Knowledge Management as a Learning Process to Upgrade Strategic Capabilities: Case study of micro-firms network in Southern Brazil Pierre-Marie Fayard, Alsones Balestrin 159 Chapter. 11: Human Resource Accounting – Relevance to SMEs Rolla Krishna Priya 169 Chapter. 12: Intellectual Capital Disclosure in Financial Reports of Nigerian Companies Ramat Titilayo Salman, Kabiru Isa Dandago and Binta Kabir Isa 185 Chapter. 13: Globalized Information Management Agha Syed Ayub Shah Bukhari, Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah and Jawairya Bukhari 211 Chapter. 14: Organizational Brain Drain - Nipping in the bud, a Panacea for SME Success Mujtaba M. Momin 231 Chapter. 15: Challenges of Global Marketing Communication Intercultural Marketing Judit Mátyás 249 Chapter. 16: Economic Development and Intellectual Capital in Georgia Eka Gegeshidze 261 Section Four: Case Reports Perspectives on Development of Intellectual Property in Georgia George Chiladze 273 On Clusters: External and Internal Perspectives Ifor Ffowcs-Williams 291

Handbook of Qualitative Research in Education

Author: Sara Delamont
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781849807296
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Genre: Education

The Handbook of Qualitative Research in Education offers both basic and advanced discussions of data collection, analysis and representation of all the best qualitative methods used in educational research. It contains four comprehensive yet concise sections on perspectives, settings, data collection and data analysis and representation. Authors from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand contribute to a wide-ranging and provocative Handbook that will inspire novice researchers and re-invigorate experienced scholars. Its 44 well-documented chapters will serve academics and graduate students in educational research across all sectors of education from pre-school to graduate school, and all settings from formal to non-formal.