The Second Law of Life

Author: John E.J. Schmitz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780815519300
Release Date: 2007-01-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In this compelling, and important book, John Schmitz brings order to the world of chaos that surrounds us. The Second Law of Life refers to the second law of thermodynamics, entropy, which is an omnipresent force that quietly and crucially determines every aspect of our society, culture and daily lives. Unless we come to understand entropy, future generations will face consequences of the unstoppable laws of physics. Entropy explains the amount of energy no longer capable of doing work; in other words, wasted energy or heat loss. Each moment of every day, we lose irreplaceable energy and ômodernö technology is not helping. In fact, it is accelerating the problem at a catastrophic rate. û And we will ultimately face a heat death crisis and utter destruction of the Earth. Even actions we take to improve the environment may actually do more damage than good. For example, recycling is considered environmentally, socially and politically correct. Under the influence of entropy, however, it is a prolific waster of energy; we must look at entire systems, not just parts. It is critical that we find ways to reduce energy loss. Seeing the problems with greater clarity will lead to solutions. This fascinating and accessible journey through the second law of thermodynamics is a step in the right direction.

Sustainability Science and Technology

Author: Alejandro De Las Heras
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466518087
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Genre: Nature

Sustainability Science and Technology: An Introduction explains the root causes of global failures in natural and human systems, as well as the most readily available technological solutions. The book dispels risky scientific and technological ideas that further complicate the current environmental and socioeconomic predicaments. It also bridges gaps among scientific and technological fields and systematically translates current findings for a wide technical and public audience. Written at a level accessible to all, the story is told one bite-sized chapter at a time, about the size of a scientific journal article. The chapters are self-contained, each grappling with a large topic. This provides more in-depth coverage of a topic than a standard encyclopedia article and promotes the widest possible dialog around sustainability issues and their solutions. Case studies from all continents and all technological development levels expound viable solutions for each of the planetary systems: water, soils, and atmosphere. In turn, the wider socioeconomic context of sustainable science and technology is examined. One of the first books to address the full scope of sustainability, it sets the stage for discussion and sustainability re(training) across professional divides. The editor and contributors take a balanced approach that is neither too technical nor too focused on any particular field. They highlight global and regional perspectives and the linkages between different planetary and human systems. The book helps you understand the thorny essence of sustainability issues—often fraught with ethical dilemmas, obsolete technologies, and lifestyle implications—and how to develop solutions to them.

Supply Shock

Author: Brian Czech
Publisher: New Society Publishers
ISBN: 9781550925265
Release Date: 2013-04-26
Genre: Business & Economics

THE STEADY STATE REVOLUTION -- NAVIGATING THE END OF ECONOMIC GROWTH Supply Shock "clearly describes the heart of what ails us--a zombie-like addiction to economic growth everywhere at all costs. Brian Czech brilliantly dissects the economic theories, models, and mindsets that are diminishing the human prospect while calling it "progress." ... King Midas would have understood the point, as we will someday." -- David W. Orr, Paul Sears Distinguished Professor of Environmental Studies and Politics, and Senior Adviser to the President, Oberlin College .".. it's evident that Czech has mastered the art of melding science, economics, policy and politics in one readable piece. Supply Shock belongs in the classroom, boardroom, town halls and policy circles." -- Herman Daly, from the foreword Politicians, economists, and Wall Street would have us believe that limitless expansion is the Holy Grail, and that there is no conflict between growing the economy and protecting the environment. "Supply Shock" debunks this widely accepted myth, leaving no doubt that the biggest idea of the 20th century - economic growth - has now become the biggest problem of the 21st. Starting with a refreshingly accessible, comprehensive critique of "the dismal science," author Brian Czech develops a compelling argument for a steady state economy. Whereas many works of economic thought can be dry and boring, Supply Shock succeeds at engaging readers while conveying keen scientific, economic and political insights including: The "trophic theory of money" The overlooked source of technological progress that prevents us from reconciling growth and environmental protection Bold yet practical policy objectives designed to ease the transition to life after growth. "Required reading for anyone concerned about the world our children and grandchildren will inherit, this landmark work lays a solid foundation for a new economic model, perhaps in time for preventing global catastrophes; certainly in time to mitigate the damage. Czech's vision of "steady statesmanship" is impressive and convincing, and this book easily qualifies as one of the key manuals for those who care about the world and its inhabitants." -- Lynn Gree nwalt, former director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service "An old economic world is dying, and a new economic world is being born. Brian Czech is one of the visionaries..." -- Governor Rich ard D. Lamm Brian Czech is the founder of Center for the Advancement of the Steady State Economy (CASSE), the leading organization promoting the transition from unsustainable growth to a new economic paradigm.

Limits Of Mathematical Modeling In The Social Sciences The The Significance Of Godel s Incompleteness Phenomenon

Author: Doria Francisco Antonio
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9781786343178
Release Date: 2017-05-30
Genre: Mathematics

Current mathematical models are notoriously unreliable in describing the time evolution of unexpected social phenomena, from financial crashes to revolution. Can such events be forecast? Can we compute probabilities about them? Can we model them? This book investigates and attempts to answer these questions through Gödel's two incompleteness theorems, and in doing so demonstrates how influential Gödel is in modern logical and mathematical thinking. Many mathematical models are applied to economics and social theory, while Gödel's theorems are able to predict their limitations for more accurate analysis and understanding of national and international events. This unique discussion is written for graduate level mathematicians applying their research to the social sciences, including economics, social studies and philosophy, and also for formal logicians and philosophers of science.

Secrets of the Prophets

Author: David J. Ridges
Publisher: Cedar Fort
ISBN: 9781462106240
Release Date:
Genre: Religion

Because of the unique duties of their call, prophets have a sacred responsibility to prepare us for the future. Backed by scripture, Dale Spears reminds us of what Amos knew long ago, that the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets. By presenting evidences of past revelations about science, medicine, and secular events, Secrets of the Prophets provides a fresh perspective on the role of prophets in our modern world. Read Secrets of the Prophets and learn the secrets the Lord has revealed specifically for you.

Understanding Energy

Author: R. Stephen Berry
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9810206798
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Science

This book begins with primary concepts of atomic and molecular structure and of how atoms, molecules and bulk matter store and exchange energy. In the next stage, the macroscopic properties of energy and entropy, and of the constitutive properties of heat capacities are examined. From these, the concept of thermodynamic efficiency is developed. Then the notions of thermodynamic potentials and availability are introduced. With this set of concepts, the analysis of efficient energy use is presented.

Victorian Time

Author: T. Ferguson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137007988
Release Date: 2013-01-17
Genre: Literary Criticism

Victorian Time examines how literature of the era registers the psychological impact of the onset of a modern, industrialized experience of time as time-saving technologies, such as steam-powered machinery, aimed at making economic life more efficient, signalling the dawn of a new age of accelerated time.

Energy

Author: Frank Niele
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080459035
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Science

"Energy: Engine of Evolution" is a compelling book that provides a compact history of energy over the last four billion years, with the aim of creating a sound basis to understanding the possible futures of the energy industry. It describes the role that energy has played in the evolution of nature and culture, the impact it has had on the world over time and the implications that we are faced with concerning the role of energy in the future. This book describes the relationship between life and energy through time, outlining how the major revolutions in the evolution of life on earth were driven by developments at the energy frontiers. "Energy: Engine of Evolution" states that we are on the verge of the next energy revolution, where we will learn how to master new energy forms in a new way. As a result of years of research and discussions by leading experts in the oil and gas industry, this publication offers inspiring insights and examples of new approaches to technological and evolutionary developments, paving the way towards a more sustainable future. It provides evolutionary insight and introduces an Energy Time Scale that shows key relationships between energy and the history of planet Earth. It contains exciting examples of new approaches to sustainable development.

Environmental Science

Author: Daniel B. Botkin
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 0470049901
Release Date: 2007-02-16
Genre: Science

For more than two decades, Botkin has been active in the application of ecological science to environmental management. Updated and revised to include the latest research in the field, the new Sixth Edition of Environmental Science continues to present a balanced analytical and interdisciplinary approach to the field. This approach equips readers with a solid scientific background in environmental science, so they can think through environmental issues and make their own decisions. Five central themes are weaved throughout the book: Human Population Growth, Sustainability, A Global Perspective, An Urban World, and Science and Values.

Das Ende der Arbeit und ihre Zukunft

Author: Jeremy Rifkin
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593400853
Release Date: 2004-03-15
Genre: Political Science

Die Arbeit hat sich im letzten Jahrzehnt weiter verändert. Bereits in 50 Jahren werden weniger als 10 Prozent der Bevölkerung ausreichen, um alle Güter und Dienstleistungen bereitzustellen. Die Konsequenzen für die sozialen Sicherungssysteme sind dramatisch, soziale Konlikte scheinen unvermeidlich. Dass "es nicht mehr genug Arbeit für alle geben wird" erkannte Jeremy Rifkin bereits in seinem Weltbesteller Das Ende der Arbeit - und seine Thesen sind heute aktueller denn je. In der Neuausgabe des in 16 Sprachen übersetzten Bestsellers entwickelt Rifkin seine radikalen Vorschläge weiter und zeigt mit gewohntem wirtschaftlichen und politischen Sachverstand, wie wir verhindern können, dass uns die Arbeit ausgeht. "Rifkins Buch wird uns noch lange beschäftigen." Süddeutsche Zeitung

Clinical Light Damage to the Eye

Author: David Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461247043
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

To my mind, the superoxide radical discovered by Linus Pauling more than 50 years ago is about to become a major issue in Ameri can medicine. Uncannily, Pauling's early focus on vitamin C has pointed the way to the whole catalogue of free-radical scavengers, which we in medicine will be using in the coming decade. In ophthalmology, the basic scientists have been talking about the role of free-radical induction by light for some time. They have accumulated an increasing amount of evidence supporting the idea that prolonged light exposure contributes to cataract development and retinal degeneration. Through Clinical Light Damage to the Eye, we hope to bring this message to the practicing ophthalmolo gist. Because Dr. Pauling's work bears so strongly on the key issue of free-radical damage, and because of my own great respect for him as a scientist and a man of rare courage, I invited Dr. Pauling to write the foreword to Clinical Light Damage to the Eye, which follows.