The Long 1970s

Author: Poul Villaume
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317045601
Release Date: 2016-04-28
Genre: History

Today it is widely recognised that the 'long 1970s' was a decisive international transition period during which traditional, collective-oriented socio-economic interest and welfare policies were increasingly replaced by the more individually and neo-liberally oriented value policies of the post-industrial epoch. Seen from a distance of three decades, it is increasingly clear that these socio-economic and socio-cultural processes also found their expression at the level of national and international political power. The contributors to this volume explore these processes of political-cultural realignment and their social impetus in Western Europe and the Euro-Atlantic area in and around the 1970s in the context of three agenda-setting topics of international history of this period: human rights, including the impact of decolonisation; East-West détente in Europe; and transnational relations and discourses. Going beyond the so-called Americanisation processes of the immediate postwar period, this volume reclaims Europe's place – and particularly that of smaller European nations – in contemporary Western history, demonstrating Europe's contribution to transatlantic transformation processes in political culture, discourse, and power during this period.

Frankreich und das Ende des Kalten Krieges

Author: Frederike Schotters
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110593204
Release Date: 2019-02-19
Genre: History

Das Bild der französischen Präsidentschaft zwischen „Zweitem Kalten Krieg“ und deutscher Wiedervereinigung ist in der Forschung bislang von großer Ambivalenz geprägt. Die Studie erforscht erstmals die politischen Handlungsstrategien von François Mitterrand und seiner außenpolitischen Regierungsmannschaft zwischen „Zweitem Kalten Krieg“ und deutscher Wiedervereinigung. Mit dem Ende der Entspannung zwischen Ost und West, Blockierungen in der europapolitischen Zusammenarbeit und transatlantischen Konflikten wurde der Übergang von den 70er zu den 80er Jahren von Zeitgenossen als umfassende Krise empfunden. Zudem trat François Mitterrand das Amt des französischen Präsidenten in der Erwartung eines gewaltigen politischen Umbruchs an: Er ging davon aus, dass die Sowjetunion auf mittelfristige Sicht zu geschwächt sein würde, um die Dominanz über ihr Imperium aufrecht zu erhalten. In den 1980er Jahren entwickelte die équipe Mitterrand Ideen und Konzepte zu einer umfassenden Neustrukturierung der internationalen Staatenwelt. Erstmals werden in der Studie systematisch emotionshistorische Ansätze genutzt, um politische Handlungsstrategien zu erforschen. Auf diese Weise gelingt es aufzuzeigen, mit welchen Strategien Akteure der internationalen Beziehungen Auswege aus Konfrontationen eröffnen. Anhand der neuen empirischen Erkenntnisse zur französischen Außen- und Sicherheits- und Europapolitik wird durch die Weiterentwicklung methodischer Instrumentarien dargelegt, wie sich Emotionen im Kontext internationaler Beziehungen erforschen lassen.

The Cambridge History of Communism Volume 3 Endgames Late Communism in Global Perspective 1968 to the Present

Author: Juliane Fürst
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108509350
Release Date: 2017-09-21
Genre: History

The third volume of The Cambridge History of Communism spans the period from the 1960s to the present, documenting the last two decades of the global Cold War and the collapse of Soviet socialism. An international team of scholars analyze the rise of China as a global power continuing to proclaim its Maoist allegiance, and the transformation of the geopolitics and political economy of Cold War conflict in an era of increasing economic interpenetration. Beneath the surface, profound political, social, economic and cultural changes were occurring in the socialist and former socialist countries, resulting in the collapse and transformations of the existing socialist order and the changing parameters of world Marxism. This volume draws on innovative research to bring together history from above and below, including social, cultural, gender, and transnational history to transcend the old separation between Communist studies and the broader field of contemporary history.

Biblio flash

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015079899822
Release Date: 1989
Genre: European Economic Community countries

International Security

Author: Barry Buzan
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: 1412921392
Release Date: 2007-08-17
Genre: Political Science

International Security is one of the main sub-fields of International Relations. This four-volume collection will bring together seminal journal articles and some book chapters to map the main themes and turning points in the development of International Security Studies. Volume 1: Military-Political Security during the Cold War covers the traditional military-political security agenda from 1945 to the ending of the cold war. Volume 2: Military-Political Security since the Cold War reflects the perceived crisis of relevance in the whole strategic studies agenda and examines the responses to a radically different international political context. Volume 3: Widening the Agenda of International Security traces the broadening of traditional security concerns and shows how economic, environmental and societal security came onto the agenda of international security. Volume 4: Challenging State Security is about approaches that challenge state security including critical security studies, human security, feminism, and postmoderist/poststructualist approaches. Together the four volumes map the progress from the traditional security agenda to more contemporary challenges like terrorism. They serve to demonstrate the wide scope of the international security agenda today, as well as the wide range of methodologies and epistemologies used to approach the subject. Including an extensive overall introduction and part introductions by the Editors, this multi-volume set will be an essential purchase for all Political Science Libraries and Schools of International Relations.

Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der V lker

Author: Jörg Fisch
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406598587
Release Date: 2010
Genre: International law

Die Idee eines Selbstbestimmungsrechts der Völker besagt, dass Völker das Recht haben, einen Staat zu bilden, und selbst darüber entscheiden können, ob sie dieses Recht wahrnehmen oder nicht. Die erste Gesamtdarstellung seiner Geschichte zeigt, wie es den Totengräber für die europäischen Kolonialreiche und andere Imperien gespielt hat und seit 1989 auf der Suche nach neuen Betätigungsfeldern ist. Entstanden aus dem Nationalismus und dem Antikolonialismus, erhebt das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker den Anspruch, die internationalen Beziehungen auf eine herrschaftsfreie Grundlage zu stellen. Sprengstoff beinhaltet vor allem das damit verbundene Sezessionsrecht. Denn wer bestimmt, was ein Volk ist? Die Idee kollidiert hier schnell mit den machtpolitischen Realitäten und erweist sich als eine gefährliche, zum Missbrauch geradezu einladende Illusion, mit deren Domestizierung das Völkerrecht bis heute beschäftigt ist. Denn nicht nur Adolf Hitler verstand es meisterhaft, das Konzept für seine Zwecke zu instrumentalisieren. In einer souveränen Kombination von Begriffs-, Politik- und Kulturgeschichte durchmisst Jörg Fisch die Weltgeschichte und liefert eine anschaulich und prägnant geschriebene Darstellung dieser vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart äußerst wirkmächtigen Idee.

The Obama Doctrine

Author: Colin Dueck
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190202644
Release Date: 2015-04-01
Genre: Political Science

By mid-2015, the Obama presidency will be entering its final stages, and the race among the successors in both parties will be well underway. And while experts have already formed a provisional understanding of the Obama administration's foreign policy goals, the shape of the "Obama Doctrine" is finally coming into full view. It has been consistently cautious since Obama was inaugurated in 2009, but recent events in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and the Far East have led an increasingly large number of foreign policy experts to conclude that caution has transformed into weakness. In The Obama Doctrine, Colin Dueck analyzes and explains what the Obama Doctrine in foreign policy actually is, and maps out the competing visions on offer from the Republican Party. Dueck, a leading scholar of US foreign policy, contends it is now becoming clear that Obama's policy of international retrenchment is in large part a function of his emphasis on achieving domestic policy goals. There have been some successes in the approach, but there have also been costs. For instance, much of the world no longer trusts the US to exert its will in international politics, and America's adversaries overseas have asserted themselves with increasing frequency. The Republican Party will target these perceived weaknesses in the 2016 presidential campaign and develop competing counter-doctrines in the process. Dueck explains that within the Republican Party, there are two basic impulses vying with each other: neo-isolationism and forceful internationalism. Dueck subdivides each impulse into the specific agenda of the various factions within the party: Tea Party nationalism, neoconservatism, conservative internationalism, and neo-isolationism. He favors a realistic but forceful US internationalism, and sees the willingness to disengage from the world by some elements of the party as dangerous. After dissecting the various strands, he articulates an agenda of forward-leaning American realism--that is, a policy in which the US engages with the world and is willing to use threats of force for realist ends. The Obama Doctrine not only provides a sharp appraisal of foreign policy in the Obama era; it lays out an alternative approach to marshaling American power that will help shape the foreign policy debate in the run-up to the 2016 elections.