Political Ideologies and Political Parties in America

Author: Hans Noel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107038318
Release Date: 2014-02-10
Genre: Political Science

Political Ideologies and Political Parties in America puts ideology front and center in the discussion of party coalition change. Treating ideology as neither a nuisance nor a given, the analysis describes the development of the modern liberal and conservative ideologies that form the basis of our modern political parties. Hans Noel shows that liberalism and conservatism emerged as important forces independent of existing political parties. These ideologies then reshaped parties in their own image. Modern polarization can thus be explained as the natural outcome of living in a period, perhaps the first in our history, in which two dominant ideologies have captured the two dominant political parties.

Violence

Author: Slavoj Zizek
Publisher: Picador
ISBN: 1429942061
Release Date: 2008-07-22
Genre: Philosophy

Philosopher, cultural critic, and agent provocateur Slavoj Žižek constructs a fascinating new framework to look at the forces of violence in our world. Using history, philosophy, books, movies, Lacanian psychiatry, and jokes, Slavoj Žižek examines the ways we perceive and misperceive violence. Drawing from his unique cultural vision, Žižek brings new light to the Paris riots of 2005; he questions the permissiveness of violence in philanthropy; in daring terms, he reflects on the powerful image and determination of contemporary terrorists. Violence, Žižek states, takes three forms--subjective (crime, terror), objective (racism, hate-speech, discrimination), and systemic (the catastrophic effects of economic and political systems)--and often one form of violence blunts our ability to see the others, raising complicated questions. Does the advent of capitalism and, indeed, civilization cause more violence than it prevents? Is there violence in the simple idea of "the neighbour"? And could the appropriate form of action against violence today simply be to contemplate, to think? Beginning with these and other equally contemplative questions, Žižek discusses the inherent violence of globalization, capitalism, fundamentalism, and language, in a work that will confirm his standing as one of our most erudite and incendiary modern thinkers.

What Is A Jew

Author: Rabbi Morris N. Kertzer
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 9781787200586
Release Date: 2016-08-09
Genre: History

A guide to the beliefs, traditions and practices of Judaism that answers questions for both Jew and Gentile. Rabbi Kertzer answers over 100 of the most commonly asked questions about Jewish life and customs, including: What is the Jewish attitude toward intermarriage? Toward birth control? Do Jews believe in equality between the sexes? Are Jews forbidden to read the New Testament? What is the basis for the Dietary Laws? For non-Jews who want to learn about the Jewish way of life. For Jews who wish to rediscover forgotten traditions and beliefs. “This portrayal of the Jewish way of looking at things attempts to convey some of the warmth, the glow and the serenity of Judaism: the enchantment of fine books; the captivating color of Hasidism;...the mirthful spirit of scholars more than sixteen centuries ago; and the abiding sense of compassion that permeates our tradition. It is in this way—and only in this way that anyone can give a meaningful answer to the question, ‘What is a Jew?’”—Rabbi Morris N. Kertzer

American Historical Explanations

Author: Gene Wise
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9781452909349
Release Date: 1980
Genre: History

American Historical Explanations was first published in 1980. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. In this new edition of American Historical Explanations,Gene Wise expands his examination of historical thinking to include the latest work in American Studies, the new social history, ethnography, and psychohistory. Wise asserts that historians address their subjects through an intervening set of assumptions, or what he calls "explanation forms," similar to the philosophical paradigms that Thomas Kuhn has found in scientific inquiry. Through analysis of historical-cultural texts (including the work of V. L. Parrington, Lionel Trilling, and Perry Miller) he defines the forms used by several groups of American historians and traces the process by which an old form breaks down and is replaced by a new set of assumptions. Throughout, he aims to study the process of change in the history of ideas. His conclusions extend beyond historiography and will be useful for those interested in literature, social sciences, and the arts.

Conceived in Liberty

Author: Jr. Tierney
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351527019
Release Date: 2017-07-05
Genre: Political Science

Conceived in Liberty is a cultural, sociological and geopolitical review of the uniquely American notion that the country and its people are "exceptional." While all nations have their own patriotic commitments, no other people have outwardly declared their power as vigorously as have Americans, especially since World War II.John J. Tierney, Jr. advances the idea that liberty is the singular source of the power of the American worldview and all other elements of this society?equality, patience, charity, justice, etc.?are derived from liberty. He argues that this worldview comes from this one source and is responsible for the many movements that may engage the public's interest, such as women's rights, civil rights, and voting rights. Such movements are all positive, but they could not exist in a society devoid of liberty.Conceived in Liberty also traces other main components of the American worldview: geographic expanse, immigration, energy of the populace, diversity, public policies, and the elements that contribute to exceptionalism. Tierney is not blind to some of the deficiencies of the United States, but he posits that the liberty it manifests is truly the political globe's last, best hope.

The Seven Storey Mountain

Author: Thomas Merton
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0156010860
Release Date: 1999-10-01
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

A celebration of Merton's spiritual autobiography is accompanied by an introduction from the editor and a note from Merton's biographer

The Great Game of Politics

Author: Dick Stoken
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 076531181X
Release Date: 2005-10-01
Genre: Political Science

An incisive analysis of the political cycles that mark the American presidency examines the continual dynamic of tension between the political philosophies of the left and right, the influence of the majority of voting citizens who can be categorized as moderates, and what causes a continual shift in leadership and changes in party power at the executive level. Reprint.

Learning to Flourish

Author: Daniel R. DeNicola
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781441111630
Release Date: 2012-08-02
Genre: Education

Learning to Flourish offers a lucid, penetrating, philosophical exploration of liberal learning: a still-evolving tradition of theory and practice that has dominated and sustained intellectual life and learning in much of the globe for two millennia. Daniel R. DeNicola weighs the views of both advocates and critics of the liberal arts, and interprets liberal education as aimed supremely at understanding and living a good life, as a vital tradition generating five competing but complementary paradigms that transcend theories of curriculum and pedagogy and are manifested in particular social contexts. He examines the transformative power of liberal education and its relation to such values as freedom, autonomy, and democracy, reflecting on the importance of intrinsic value and moral understanding. Finally, he considers age-old obstacles and current threats to liberal education, ultimately asserting its value for and urgent need in a global, pluralistic, technologically advanced society. Offering a bold yet nuanced theory of liberal education, this study will be of great interest to educators as well as those specializing in Philosophy of Education.

America 3 0

Author: James Bennett
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 9781594036569
Release Date: 2013-05-28
Genre: Political Science

America’s greatest days are yet to come. We are in a painful transition period. Our government is crushingly expensive, failing at its basic functions, and unable to keep its promises. It does not work and it cannot continue as it is. But the inevitable end of big government does not mean the end of America. It only means the end of one phase of American life. America is poised to enter a new era of freedom and prosperity. The cultural roots of the American people go back at least fifteen centuries, and make us individualistic, enterprising, and liberty-loving. The Founding generation of the United States lived in a world of family farms and small businesses, America 1.0. This world faded away and was replaced by an industrialized world of big cities, big business, big labor unions and big government, America 2.0. Now America 2.0 is outdated and crumbling, while America 3.0 is struggling to be born. This new world will bring immense productivity, rapid technological progress, greater scope for individual and family-scale autonomy, and a leaner and strictly limited government. America has made one major transition already, and industrial America became an economic colossus. We are now making a new transition, which will surprise many Americans, and astonish the world.

Common Sense Nation

Author: Robert Curry
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 9781594038266
Release Date: 2015-11-24
Genre: History

“We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” This sentence is perfectly familiar. We know it as a core principle of our founding. But few, if any of us consider why Jefferson wrote it in exactly this way. Why “unalienable rights” and not simply rights? Why “self-evident” truths and not simply truths? Why does the Declaration make these distinctions? Do they really matter? If these questions are challenging or Jefferson’s words seem esoteric, it is because we no longer conduct our politics in the language of the Founders and we are no longer able to think as they once thought. In Congress and the media, political arguments are advanced by a torrent of policy studies and “expert” opinions—not on the basis of self-evident truths, unalienable rights, and definitely not in the language of the Founders. Common Sense Nation is a potent re-introduction to the political ideas of the Founders—in their own words and on their terms. It is dedicated to the proposition that the only way to fully unlock the profound and distinctive power of American self-government is to understand it as its inventors did. Common Sense Nation reclaims the language of liberty from entities that prefer to interpret our freedoms for us. For in knowing the Founders as they knew themselves, readers will learn the surprising depths of their own political powers as American citizens.

The Victims Revolution

Author: Bruce Bawer
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 9780062097064
Release Date: 2012-09-04
Genre: History

Respected author, critic, and essayist Bruce Bawer—whose previous book, While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam Is Destroying the West from Within, was a New York Times bestseller and a National Book Critics Circle Award finalist—now offers a trenchant and sweeping critique of the sorry state of higher education since the campus revolutions of the late ’60s and early ’70s. In The Victims’ Revolution, Bawer incisively contends that the rise of identity-based college courses and disciplines (Women’s Studies, Black Studies, Gay Studies, etc.) forty years ago has resulted in an impoverishment of thought and widespread political confusion, while filling the brains of students with politically correct mush. Timely, controversial, and brilliantly argued, Bawer’s The Victims’ Revolution is necessary reading for students, educators, and anyone concerned about the contemporary crisis in academia—a serious and important work that stands with other essential books on the subject, like The Shadow University by Alan Kors, Illiberal Education by Dinesh D’Souza, and Allan Bloom’s The Closing of the American Mind.

The Civilian and the Military

Author: Arthur A. Ekirch, Jr.
Publisher: Independent Inst
ISBN: 1598130358
Release Date: 2010
Genre: History

The antimilitarist tradition --- rooted in the fear of a dictatorship --- is an integral part of the American heritage from colonial times until the 1950s and even unto today. In The Civilian and the Military, Arthur Ekirch brings a new perspective to the understanding of the relationship between the growth of the military and its impact on civilian life. He documents the loss of individual liberty that results from the military-industrial complex's growing influence and power, which President Eisenhower so accurately predicted six decades ago. Ekirch also predicted with an uncanny clarity the military's ability to permeate almost every aspect of public policy with the help of a collaborative and bloated government bureaucracy. Ekirch gives a thorough survey of notable issues and landmarks that have affected the role of the civilian and the military in American history up until the mid-1950s, including pertinent legislation as well as private and public discussions about the size of the active military, the role of the National Guard, the level of military appropriations, and the use of conscription. Dr. Ekirch believed that the inability, or refusal, of the world to recognize the existence of a new type of militarism, which has so increasingly penetrated all phases of modern civilization, imperils the future of liberty and self-government. "Mr. Ekirch... has contributed a careful survey of antimilitaristic thinking throughout American history... and he has produced a readable and useful digest." ---The American Historical Review "The author develops the story of antimilitarism concretely, not only in terms of periodic wars, but also in terms of peacetime debates over military appropriations, the size and nature of the armed forces, and the role of the military in civilian affairs." ---Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science "This book deals with the plowshare, rather than the sword....[Ekirch] finds the origin of [the antimilitarist tradition] in our Anglo-American heritage and traces its effect from our colonial days to the present." ---Military Affairs.