Solar Energy for Fuels

Author: Harun Tüysüz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319230993
Release Date: 2015-10-19
Genre: Science

The series Topics in Current Chemistry presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in modern chemical research. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research chemists at universities or in industry, graduate students

Polygeneration with Polystorage

Author: Kaveh Rajab Khalilpour
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128133071
Release Date: 2018-11-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Polygeneration with Polystorage: For Energy and Chemicals addresses the problem of both traditional and dispersed generation with a broad, multidisciplinary perspective. As the first book to thoroughly focus on the topic of polygeneration, users will find the problem presented from different scientific and technical domains down to both macro and micro levels. Detailed analyses and state-of-the-art developments in specific fields are included, focusing on storage in conventional energy supply chains and demand-side renewable polygeneration systems, management advice and the necessary market mechanisms needed to support them. This reference is useful for academics and professionals in conventional and unconventional energy systems. Includes an outlined framework towards polygeneration and polystorage down to both micro and macro levels Contains fluid and continuous chapters that provide detailed analysis and a review of the state-of-the-art developments in specific fields Addresses the wider global view of research advancement and potential in the role of polygeneration and polystorage in the move toward sustainability

Photosynthesis

Author: Dmitry Shevela
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing
ISBN: 9789813223134
Release Date: 2018-11-09
Genre: Science

Photosynthesis has been an important field of research for more than a century, but the present concerns about energy, environment and climate have greatly intensified interest in and research on this topic. Research has progressed rapidly in recent years, and this book is an interesting read for an audience who is concerned with various ways of harnessing solar energy. Our understanding of photosynthesis can now be said to have reached encyclopedic dimensions. There have been, in the past, many good books at various levels. Our book is expected to fulfill the needs of advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in branches of biology, biochemistry, biophysics, and bioengineering because photosynthesis is the basis of future advances in producing more food, more biomass, more fuel, and new chemicals for our expanding global human population. Further, the basics of photosynthesis are and will be used not only for the above, but in artificial photosynthesis, an important emerging field where chemists, researchers and engineers of solar energy systems will play a major role.

Hydrogen Fuel

Author: Ram B. Gupta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420045776
Release Date: 2008-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

From Methane to Hydrogen—Making the Switch to a Cleaner Fuel Source The world’s overdependence on fossil fuels has created environmental problems, such as air pollution and global warming, as well as political and economic unrest. With water as its only by-product and its availability in all parts of the world, hydrogen promises to be the next great fuel source. All of the Key Aspects of Hydrogen Fuel Hydrogen Fuel: Production, Transport, and Storage describes various aspects of hydrogen fuel, including production from both renewable and nonrenewable sources, purification, storage, transport, safety, codes, and carbon dioxide sequestration. The book examines the unique properties and uses of the hydrogen molecule, its ability to be produced from numerous energy sources, and its separation and purification. It explains how to transport hydrogen using pipelines and tankers, and how to store it using compressed tanks, metal hydrides, carbon adsorbents, and chemical hydrides. The expert contributors also discuss codes and standards, monitoring techniques, and safety designs. The Path to a Cleaner World and Energy Independence Focusing on a clean, economical alternative to nonrenewable energy, this volume provides the latest information on the hydrogen fuel economy.

Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy

Author: John Connolly
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323149709
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy contains the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy held in Boulder, Colorado, on August 3-8, 1980. The papers review the state of the art in the areas of photochemistry and photoelectrochemistry in the context of solar energy conversion and storage. Topics covered include photosynthetic quantum conversion; biomimetic systems for solar energy conversion; and photochemical electron transfer reactions in homogeneous solutions. This volume is comprised of 11 chapters and begins by describing an artificial photosynthetic system that can capture solar quanta and convert them into a stable chemical form. The discussion then turns to biomimetic approaches to solar energy conversion; fluorescent concentrators for photovoltaic cells; requirements for homogeneous photoredox chemistry in inorganic systems; and the use of inorganic components coupled with catalysts in heterogeneous assemblies for photochemical water splitting. The following chapters focus on photogalvanic cells, electrochemical photovoltaic cells, and photoelectrosynthetic reactions at the semiconductor-electrolyte interface. The final chapter examines the thermodynamic limits on photoconversion and storage of solar energy. This monograph will be of interest to chemists and other scientists concerned with the photochemical aspects of solar energy conversion and storage.

Eco and Renewable Energy Materials

Author: Yong Zhou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642334979
Release Date: 2015-08-15
Genre: Science

"Eco- and Renewable Energy Materials” provides a survey of the current topics and the major developmental trends in the rapidly growing research area of clean energy materials. This book covers, but is not limited to, photochemical materials (fuels from light), fuel cells (electricity from fuels), batteries (electricity storage), and hydrogen production and storage. This book is intended as a vehicle for the dissemination of research results on energy-based material science in the form of commissioned reviews and commentaries. This book is for scientists and engineers interested in energy-related materials, compounds and electronic devices. Prof. Yong Zhou is currently serving as a full professor at the Eco-Materials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), Nanjing University, China.

Energy Production and Storage

Author: Robert H. Crabtree
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118632666
Release Date: 2013-02-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Energy production and storage are central problems for our time. Inprinciple, abundant energy is available from the sun to run theearth in a sustainable way. Solar energy can be directly harnessedby agricultural and photovoltaic means, but the sheer scale of theenergy demand poses severe challenges, for example any majorcompetition between biomass production and food production wouldsimply transfer scarcity from energy to food. Indirect use of solarenergy in the form of wind looks also promising, especially forthose regions not blessed with abundant sunlight. Other modes suchas tidal and wave energy may well become important niche players. Inorganic chemistry plays a decisive role in the development ofnew energy technologies and this Volume covers somepromising modes of alternative energy production and storage thatminimize the atmospheric burden of fossil-derived carbon monoxide.No one production or storage mode is likely to dominate, at leastat first, and numerous possibilities need to be explored to comparetheir technical feasibility and economics. This provides thecontext for a broad exploration of novel ideas that we are likelyto see in future years as the field expands. This Volume covers a wide range of topics, such as: - Watersplitting, only water is a sufficiently cheap and abundant electronsource for global exploitation; - Energy conversion byphotosynthesis; - Molecular catalysts for water splitting; -Thermochemical water splitting; - Photocatalytic hydrogenproduction; - Artificial photosynthesis, progress of the SwedishConsortium; - Hydrogen economy; - Reduction of carbon dioxide touseful fuels; - Conversion of methane to methanol; - Dye sensitizedsolar cells; - Photoinitiated electron transfer in fuel cells; -Proton exchange membranes for fuel cells; - Intermediatetemperature solid oxide fuel cells; - Direct Ethanol fuel cells; -Molecular catalysis for fuel cells; - Enzymes and microbes in fuelcells; - Li-Ion batteries; - Magic Angle Spinning NMR studies ofbattery materials; Supercapacitors and electrode materials. About EIC Books The Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry (EIC) has provedto be one of the defining standards in inorganic chemistry, andmost chemistry libraries around the world have access either to thefirst or second print edition, or to the online version. Manyreaders, however, prefer to have more concise thematic volumes,targeted to their specific area of interest. This feedback from EICreaders has encouraged the Editors to plan a series of EIC Books,focusing on topics of current interest. They will appear on aregular basis, and will feature leading scholars in their fields.Like the Encyclopedia, EIC Books aim to provide both the startingresearch student and the confirmed research worker with a criticaldistillation of the leading concepts in inorganic and bioinorganicchemistry, and provide a structured entry into the fieldscovered. This volume is also available as part of Encyclopedia ofInorganic Chemistry, 5 Volume Set. This set combines all volumes published as EIC Books from 2007to 2010, representing areas of key developments in the field ofinorganic chemistry published in the Encyclopedia of InorganicChemistry. ahref="http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119994284.html"Findout more/a.

Energy Materials

Author: Duncan W. Bruce
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470978061
Release Date: 2011-04-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In an age of global industrialisation and population growth, the area of energy is one that is very much in the public consciousness. Fundamental scientific research is recognised as being crucial to delivering solutions to these issues, particularly to yield novel means of providing efficient, ideally recyclable, ways of converting, transporting and delivering energy. This volume considers a selection of the state-of-the-art materials that are being designed to meet some of the energy challenges we face today. Topics are carefully chosen that show how the skill of the synthetic chemist can be applied to allow the targeted preparation of inorganic materials with properties optimised for a specific application. Four chapters explore the key areas of: Polymer Electrolytes Advanced Inorganic Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Solar Energy Materials Hydrogen Adsorption on Metal Organic Framework Materials for Storage Applications Energy Materials provides both a summary of the current status of research, and an eye to how future research may develop materials properties further. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Molecular Materials Functional Oxides Porous Materials Low-Dimensional Solids

Solar Hydrogen Energy Systems

Author: Gabriele Zini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9788847019980
Release Date: 2012-03-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

It is just a matter of time when fossil fuels will become unavailable or uneconomical to retrieve. On top of that, their environmental impact is already too severe. Renewable energy sources can be considered as the most important substitute to fossil energy, since they are inexhaustible and have a very low, if none, impact on the environment. Still, their unevenness and unpredictability are drawbacks that must be dealt with in order to guarantee a reliable and steady energy supply to the final user. Hydrogen can be the answer to these problems. This book presents the readers with the modeling, functioning and implementation of solar hydrogen energy systems, which efficiently combine different technologies to convert, store and use renewable energy. Sources like solar photovoltaic or wind, technologies like electrolysis, fuel cells, traditional and advanced hydrogen storage are discussed and evaluated together with system management and output performance. Examples are also given to show how these systems are capable of providing energy independence from fossil fuels in real life settings.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Author: Steven L Suib
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780444538734
Release Date: 2013-07-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. The use of solar energy during various catalytic chemical processes for the production of an array of chemical products is the theme of this volume. Photocatalysis is a topic of increasing importance due to its essential role in many of today’s environmental and energy source problems. The use of solar energy for catalytic reactions results in a carbon dioxide–neutral process. All photocatalytic processes and the future developments in this area are discussed, including an economic analysis of the various processes. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Advances in Solar Energy

Author: Karl W. Boer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781468489927
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

The field of solar energy conversion has become an important discipline with a recognized potential to significantly contribute to the world supply of energy. It is diversified and encompasses a wide variety of disciplines - from mechanical engineering to physics, from biology to architecture, from ocean science to agriculture, from chemistry to atmospheric science, to name some of the major fields. It involves fields which have matured to the engineering aspects, such as the conversion of solar energy into heat or of wind into shaft work. It includes other fields in which more basic science research is necessary to unravel the micro-structures of nature, as, for example, for photovoltaic conversion or for certain bioengineering tasks. Several of these fields have elements which have been common knowledge for centuries but sometimes forgotten at times of cheap energy supplies, while others have barely started with first studies. Most of the fields have seen during the last decade a substantial advance in sophistication, in theoretical understanding, in demonstrated feasibility, in developing hardware, in field testing, with some moving into a phase of initial commercialization.

Transition to Renewable Energy Systems

Author: Detlef Stolten
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527673896
Release Date: 2013-05-13
Genre: Science

In this ready reference, top academic researchers, industry players and government officers join forces to develop commercial concepts for the transition from current nuclear or fossil fuel-based energy to renewable energy systems within a limited time span. They take into account the latest science and technology, including an analysis of the feasibility and impact on the environment, economy and society. In so doing, they discuss such complex topics as electrical and gas grids, fossil power plants and energy storage technologies. The contributions also include robust, conceivable and breakthrough technologies that will be viable and implementable by 2020.

CO2 A Valuable Source of Carbon

Author: Marcello De De Falco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447151197
Release Date: 2013-07-30
Genre: Business & Economics

As the annual production of carbon Dioxide (CO2) reaches 30 billion tones, the growing issue of the greenhouse effect has triggered the development of technologies for CO2 sequestration, storage and use as a reactant. Collecting together the reports of the Congress at University of Rome (Campus Bio-medico) held 16th April 2012, CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon presents and discusses promising technologies for the industrial exploitation of CO2. Divided into two parts, the current technology is evaluated and summarized before European and national projects are presented. The focus on CO2 recovery, particularly in value-added production, proposes applicable methods to develop sustainable practices and even to mitigate greenhouse gas emission from large-scale fossil fuels usage. Including current data and real-world examples, CO2: A valuable source of carbon provides students, engineers, researchers and industry professional with up-to-date material and potential areas for development and research.