Author: Prudence M. Rice
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date: 2015-07-09
Genre: Social Science
Just as a single pot starts with a lump of clay, the study of a piece’s history must start with an understanding of its raw materials. This principle is the foundation of Pottery Analysis, the acclaimed sourcebook that has become the indispensable guide for archaeologists and anthropologists worldwide. By grounding current research in the larger history of pottery and drawing together diverse approaches to the study of pottery, it offers a rich, comprehensive view of ceramic inquiry. This new edition fully incorporates more than two decades of growth and diversification in the fields of archaeological and ethnographic study of pottery. It begins with a summary of the origins and history of pottery in different parts of the world, then examines the raw materials of pottery and their physical and chemical properties. It addresses ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological perspectives on pottery production; reviews the methods of studying pottery’s physical, mechanical, thermal, mineralogical, and chemical properties; and discusses how proper analysis of artifacts can reveal insights into their culture of origin. Intended for use in the classroom, the lab, and out in the field, this essential text offers an unparalleled basis for pottery research.
Defines various careers in environment and natural resources, including educational or training requirements, ways to get started, advancement possibilities, salary figures, employment outlook, and sources of more information.
Author: Craig W. Allin
Publisher: Salem PressInc
Release Date: 2010
The topic of our natural resources has become an important issue over the last few years. The abundance of some (and scarcity of others) has sparked many a debate. The four volumes in this set discuss not only the aspects of the resources themselves, but their economic and social impact as well. Plus, complimentary online access is provided through Salem Science.
Author: Robert M. Koerner
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Release Date: 2012-01-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Following the structure of previous editions, Volume 1 of this Sixth Edition proceeds through four individual chapters on geosynthetics, geotextiles, geogrids and geonets. Volume 2 continues with geomembranes, geosynthetic clay liners, geofoam and geocomposites. The two volumes must accompany one another. All are polymeric materials used for myriad applications in geotechnical, geoenvironmental, transportation, hydraulic and private development applications. The technology has become a worldwide enterprise with approximate $5B material sales in the 35-years since first being introduced. In addition to describing and illustrating the various materials; the most important test methods and design examples are included as pertains to specific application areas. This latest edition differs from previous ones in that sustainability is addressed throughout, new material variations are presented, new applications are included and references are updated accordingly. Each chapter includes problems for which a solutions manual is available.
Author: Michael A. Hicks
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-06-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Penetration Testing 2018 contains the proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing (CPT’18, Delft, The Netherlands, 21-22 June 2018), and presents the latest developments relating to the use of cone penetration testing in geotechnical engineering. It focuses on the solution of geotechnical challenges using the cone penetration test (CPT), CPT add-on measurements and companion in-situ penetration tools (such as full flow and free fall penetrometers), with an emphasis on practical experience and application of research findings. The peer-reviewed papers have been authored by academics, researchers and practitioners from many countries worldwide and cover numerous important aspects, ranging from the development of innovative theoretical and numerical methods of interpretation, to real field applications. The main topics are: interpretation of CPT results, application of the CPT, and equipment development. Cone Penetration Testing 2018 is aimed at academics, researchers, consultants, practitioners, hardware/software suppliers, certifiers and students. Cone Penetration Testing 2018 is the fourth in a series of symposia endorsed by TC102 of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). The first symposium was held in 1995 in Linköping, Sweden and the series continued in Huntington Beach, California (2010) and in Las Vegas, Nevada (2014).
Author: Delwyn G. Fredlund
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The definitive guide to unsaturated soil— from theworld's experts on the subject This book builds upon and substantially updates Fredlund andRahardjo's publication, Soil Mechanics for UnsaturatedSoils, the current standard in the field of unsaturated soils.It provides readers with more thorough coverage of the state of theart of unsaturated soil behavior and better reflects the manner inwhich practical unsaturated soil engineering problems are solved.Retaining the fundamental physics of unsaturated soil behaviorpresented in the earlier book, this new publication places greateremphasis on the importance of the "soil-water characteristic curve"in solving practical engineering problems, as well as thequantification of thermal and moisture boundary conditions based onthe use of weather data. Topics covered include: Theory to Practice of Unsaturated Soil Mechanics Nature and Phase Properties of Unsaturated Soil State Variables for Unsaturated Soils Measurement and Estimation of State Variables Soil-Water Characteristic Curves for Unsaturated Soils Ground Surface Moisture Flux Boundary Conditions Theory of Water Flow through Unsaturated Soils Solving Saturated/Unsaturated Water Flow Problems Air Flow through Unsaturated Soils Heat Flow Analysis for Unsaturated Soils Shear Strength of Unsaturated Soils Shear Strength Applications in Plastic and LimitEquilibrium Stress-Deformation Analysis for Unsaturated Soils Solving Stress-Deformation Problems with Unsaturated Soils Compressibility and Pore Pressure Parameters Consolidation and Swelling Processes in Unsaturated Soils Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice isessential reading for geotechnical engineers, civil engineers, andundergraduate- and graduate-level civil engineering students with afocus on soil mechanics.
This unique lab manual guides readers step-by-step through the hows and whys of the most commonly used testing methods in civil engineering practice—those based on the latest American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) procedures. The manual uses a consistent “Procedure,” “Data,” and “Calculations” format for each test; contains completely worked examples showing the computations required for the analysis and evaluation of the test data collected; discusses what data, results, and other information should be presented in the test report; and explains what the test results will be used for in practical engineering problems. For Engineers interested in who want to learn about soils properties, or brush up on their skills.
2 nung der durch Änderungen in der Belastung und in den Entwässe rungsbedingungen verursachten Wirkungen meist nur sehr gering sind. Diese Feststellung gilt im besonderen Maße für alle jene Auf gaben, die sich mit der Wirkung des strömenden Wasser befassen, weil hier untergeordnete Abweichungen in der Schichtung, die durch Probebohrungen nicht aufgeschlossen werden, von großem Einfluß sein können. Aus diesem Grunde unterscheidet sich die Anwendung der theoretischen Bodenmechanik auf den Erd- und Grundbau ganz wesentlich von der Anwendung der technischen Mechanik auf den Stahl-, Holz- und Massivbau. Die elastischen Größen der Baustoffe Stahl oder Stahlbeton sind nur wenig veränderlich, und die Gesetze der angewandten Mechanik können für die praktische Anwendung ohne Einschränkung übertragen werden. Demgegenüber stellen die theoretischen Untersuchungen in der Bodenmechanik nur Arbeits hypothesen dar, weil unsere Kenntnisse über die mittleren physikalischen Eigenschaften des Untergrundes und über den Verlauf der einzelnen Schichtgrenzen stets unvollkommen und sogar oft äußerst unzuläng lich sind. Vom praktischen Standpunkt aus gesehen, sind die in der Bodenmechanik entwickelten Arbeitshypothesen jedoch ebenso an wendbar wie die theoretische Festigkeitslehre auf andere Zweige des Bauingenieurwesens. Wenn der Ingenieur sich der in den grundlegen den Annahmen enthaltenen Unsicherheiten bewußt ist, dann ist er auch imstande, die Art und die Bedeutung der Unterschiede zu er kennen, die zwischen der Wirklichkeit und seiner Vorstellung über die Bodenverhältnisse bestehen.