Routine Politics and Violence in Argentina

Author: Javier Auyero
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139464710
Release Date: 2007-04-16
Genre: Political Science

Close to three hundred stores and supermarkets were looted during week-long food riots in Argentina in December 2001. Thirty-four people were reported dead and hundreds were injured. Among the looting crowds, activists from the Peronist party (the main political party in the country) were quite prominent. During the lootings, police officers were conspicuously absent - particularly when small stores were sacked. Through a combination of archival research, statistical analysis, multi-sited fieldwork, and taking heed of the perspective of contentious politics, this book provides an analytic description of the origins, course, meanings, and outcomes of the December 2001 wave of lootings in Argentina.

The Politics of Collective Violence

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107494800
Release Date: 2003-03-17
Genre: Political Science

Are there any commonalities between such phenomena as soccer hooliganism, sabotage by peasants of landlords' property, incidents of road rage, and even the events of September 11? With striking historical scope and command of the literature of many disciplines, this book, first published in 2003, seeks the common causes of these events in collective violence. In collective violence, social interaction immediately inflicts physical damage, involves at least two perpetrators of damage, and results in part from coordination among the persons who perform the damaging acts. Professor Tilly argues that collective violence is complicated, changeable, and unpredictable in some regards, yet that it also results from similar causes variously combined in different times and places. Pinpointing the causes, combinations, and settings helps to explain collective violence and its variations, and also helps to identify the best ways to mitigate violence and create democracies with a minimum of damage to persons and property.

Patients of the State

Author: Javier Auyero
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822352334
Release Date: 2012-05-04
Genre: History

Describes the power that can be imposed, and the misery that is caused, especially for the poor, by the simple act of waiting. This title also describes a variety of different situations, including waiting for national identity cards, for welfare agencies, and the endless waiting for relocation from the slums.

When States Come Out

Author: Phillip M. Ayoub
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316790779
Release Date: 2016-05-03
Genre: Political Science

In the last two decades, the LGBT movement has gained momentum that is arguably unprecedented in speed and suddenness when compared to other human rights movements. This book investigates the recent history of this transnational movement in Europe, focusing on the diffusion of the norms it champions and the overarching question of why, despite similar international pressures, the trajectories of socio-legal recognition for LGBT minorities are so different across states. The book makes the case that a politics of visibility has engendered the interactions between movements and states that empower marginalized people - mobilizing actors to demand change, influencing the spread of new legal standards, and weaving new ideas into the fabrics of societies. It documents how this process of 'coming out' empowers marginalized social groups by moving them to the center of political debate and public recognition and making it possible for them to obtain rights to which they have due claim.

Violent Conjunctures in Democratic India

Author: Amrita Basu
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107089631
Release Date: 2015-06-30
Genre: History

This study examines the political sources of violence against religious minorities in India. Focusing on Hindu organizations that have asserted dominance over religious minorities, particularly since the late 1980s, Amrita Basu questions the common assumption that Hindu-Muslim violence is inevitable.

Rioting in America

Author: Paul A. Gilje
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253212626
Release Date: 1999
Genre: History

In this wide-ranging survey of rioting in America, Paul A. Gilje argues that we cannot fully comprehend the history of the American people without an understanding of the impact of rioting. Riots are moments when people in the street make themselves heard, when the ÒinarticulateÓ become articulate. Basic to GiljeÕs approach is the assumption that mobs are rational, that they do not act merely on impulse. Exploring the rationale of the mob brings to light the grievances that motivate its behavior and the historical circumstances that drive the choices it makes. These vary greatly from event to event and across time, but Gilje detects some fascinating patterns. He proposes four phases of rioting in American history, arguing that they reflect larger social and economic trends and developments. GiljeÕs unusual lens makes for an eye-opening view of the American people and their history. Interdisciplinary Studies in History--Harvey J. Graff, general editor

Fighting in the Streets

Author: Max Arthur Herman
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 082047455X
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Social Science

"Fighting in the Streets" provides a comparative analysis of some of the most severe episodes of urban unrest that took place in twentieth-century America, including the 1919 Chicago Riot, the Detroit Riot of 1943, the Newark and Detroit Riots of 1967, the Miami Riot of 1980, and the 1992 Los Angeles Riot. Examining the patterns of death and destruction of property that occurred during these events, as well as historical evidence regarding struggles for housing, jobs, and political power among members of different racial/ethnic groups, this book makes the case for a general explanatory model of urban unrest as a product of rapid demographic change. Focusing at the neighborhood level, where demographic changes have their greatest impact, "Fighting in the Streets" posits that riot-related violence is most likely to take place in neighborhoods characterized by high levels of black/white segregation, poverty, unemployment, and rapid population turnover. Such a -profile- of the riot-prone neighborhood may enable policy makers to avert future violence through targeted economic and political intervention, building community institutions that integrate newcomers and natives. This book is particularly suited for classes in urban studies, race/ethnic relations, and collective behavior/social movements as well as public policy and planning."

The Political Power of Protest

Author: Daniel Q. Gillion
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107031142
Release Date: 2013-04-15
Genre: Political Science

This book is the first to provide quantifiable evidence that protest shifts the policy positions of national political leaders for each branch of government. Drawing on daily presidential rhetoric, roll call votes of congressional leaders, and Supreme Court decisions, the book demonstrates that national politicians take cues from minority protest activity that later lead to major shifts in public policy, rivaling the influence that minorities have through elections and public opinion.

Losers Consent

Author: Christopher Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199276387
Release Date: 2005-01-13
Genre: Political Science

"Based on data from democracies across the globe, this book examines how election losers and their supporters respond to their loss and how institutions shape losing"--Provided by publisher.

Children in Crisis

Author: Manata Hashemi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136683244
Release Date: 2013-06-07
Genre: Social Science

This volume brings together ethnographers conducting research on children living in crisis situations in both developing and developed regions, taking a cross-cultural approach that spans different cities in the global North and South to provide insight and analyses into the lifeworlds of their young, at-risk inhabitants. Looking at the lived experiences of poverty, drastic inequality, displacement, ecological degradation and war in countries including Haiti, Argentina and Palestine, the book shows how children both respond to and are shaped by their circumstances. Going beyond conventional images of children subjected to starvation, hunger, and disease to build an integrated analysis of what it means to be a child in crisis in the 21st century, the book makes a significant contribution to the nascent field of study concerned with development and childhood. With children now at the forefront of debates on human rights and poverty reduction, there is no better time for scholars, policymakers and the general public to understand the complex social, economic and political dynamics that characterize their present predicaments and future life chances.

The Global Right Wing and the Clash of World Politics

Author: Clifford Bob
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139503952
Release Date: 2012-02-27
Genre: Political Science

This book is an eye-opening account of transnational advocacy, not by environmental and rights groups, but by conservative activists. Mobilizing around diverse issues, these networks challenge progressive foes across borders and within institutions. In these globalized battles, opponents struggle as much to advance their own causes as to destroy their rivals. Deploying exclusionary strategies, negative tactics and dissuasive ideas, they aim both to make and unmake policy. In this work, Clifford Bob chronicles combat over homosexuality and gun control in the UN, the Americas, Europe and elsewhere. He investigates the 'Baptist-burqa' network of conservative believers attacking gay rights, and the global gun coalition blasting efforts to control firearms. Bob draws critical conclusions about norms, activists and institutions, and his broad findings extend beyond the culture wars. They will change how campaigners fight, scholars study policy wars, and all of us think about global politics.