Performance and Literature in the Commedia Dell Arte

Author: Robert Henke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521643244
Release Date: 2002-12-12
Genre: Literary Criticism

This book explores the commedia dell'arte: the Italian professional theatre in Shakespeare's time. The actors of this theatre usually did not perform from scripted drama but instead improvised their performances from a shared plot and thorough knowledge of individual character roles. Robert Henke closely analyzes hitherto unexamined commedia dell'arte texts in order to demonstrate how the spoken word and written literature were fruitfully combined in performance. Henke examines a number of primary sources including performance accounts, actors' contracts, and letters, among other documents.

Transnational Mobilities in Early Modern Theater

Author: Robert Henke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317006756
Release Date: 2016-02-24
Genre: Performing Arts

The essays in this volume investigate English, Italian, Spanish, German, Czech, and Bengali early modern theater, placing Shakespeare and his contemporaries in the theatrical contexts of western and central Europe, as well as the Indian sub-continent. Contributors explore the mobility of theatrical units, genres, performance practices, visual images, and dramatic texts across geo-linguistic borders in early modern Europe. Combining 'distant' and 'close' reading, a systemic and structural approach identifies common theatrical units, or 'theatergrams' as departure points for specifying the particular translations of theatrical cultures across national boundaries. The essays engage both 'dramatic' approaches (e.g., genre, plot, action, and the dramatic text) and 'theatrical' perspectives (e.g., costume, the body and gender of the actor). Following recent work in 'mobility studies,' mobility is examined from both material and symbolic angles, revealing both ample transnational movement and periodic resistance to border-crossing. Four final essays attend to the practical and theoretical dimensions of theatrical translation and adaptation, and contribute to the book’s overall inquiry into the ways in which values, properties, and identities are lost, transformed, or gained in movement across geo-linguistic borders.

Pastoral Transformations

Author: Robert Henke
ISBN: UOM:39015041029847
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Drama

Pastoral Transformations examines the dramaturgy of Shakespeare's Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale, and The Tempest in the context of sixteenth-century Italian tragicomedy. The book examines the theory and practice of Giraldi, Tasso, and Gurini, as well as experiments of the commedia dell'arte. The author demonstrates the presence of independent yet parallel historical and dramaturgical developments in the Italian and Shakespearean theaters.

European Theatre Performance Practice 1580 1750

Author: Robert Henke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351938327
Release Date: 2016-12-05
Genre: Performing Arts

This volume presents foundational and representative essays of the last half century on theatre performance practice during the period 1580 to 1750. The particular focus is on the nature of playing spaces, staging, acting and audience response in professional theatre and the selection of previously published research articles and book chapters includes significant works on topics such as Shakespearean staging, French and Spanish theatre audiences, the challenging aspects of the evolution of Italian renaissance acting practice, and the ’hidden’ dimensions of performance. The essays provide coherent transnational coverage as well as detailed treatments of their individual topics. Considerations of theatre practice in Italy, Spain and France, as well as England, place Shakespeare’s theatre in its European context to reveal surprising commonalities and salient differences in the performance practice of early modern Europe’s major professional theatres. This volume is an indispensable reference work for university libraries, lecturers, researchers and practitioners and offers a coherent overview of early modern comparative performance practice, and a deeper understanding of the field’s major topics and developments.

Poverty and Charity in Early Modern Theater and Performance

Author: Robert Henke
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 9781609383619
Release Date: 2015-08
Genre: Performing Arts

Whereas previous studies of poverty and early modern theatre have concentrated on England and the criminal rogue, Poverty and Charity in Early Modern Theatre and Performance takes a transnational approach, which reveals a greater range of attitudes and charitable practices regarding the poor than state poor laws and rogue books suggest. Close study of German and Latin beggar catalogues, popular songs performed in Italian piazzas, the Paduan actor-playwright Ruzante, the commedia dell’arte in both Italy and France, and Shakespeare demonstrate how early modern theatre and performance could reveal the gap between official policy and actual practices regarding the poor. The actor-based theatre and performance traditions examined in this study, which persistently explore felt connections between the itinerant actor and the vagabond beggar, evoke the poor through complex and variegated forms of imagination, thought, and feeling. Early modern theatre does not simply reflect the social ills of hunger, poverty, and degradation, but works them through the forms of poverty, involving displacement, condensation, exaggeration, projection, fictionalization, and marginalization. As the critical mass of medieval charity was put into question, the beggar-almsgiver encounter became more like a performance. But it was not a performance whose script was prewritten as the inevitable exposure of the dissembling beggar. Just as people’s attitudes toward the poor could rapidly change from skepticism to sympathy during famines and times of acute need, fictions of performance such as Edgar’s dazzling impersonation of a mad beggar in Shakespeare’s King Lear could prompt responses of sympathy and even radical calls for economic redistribution.

Transnational Exchange in Early Modern Theater

Author: Eric Nicholson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317006961
Release Date: 2016-09-17
Genre: Literary Criticism

Emphasizing a performative and stage-centered approach, this book considers early modern European theater as an international phenomenon. Early modern theater was remarkable both in the ways that it represented material and symbolic exchanges across political, linguistic, and cultural borders (both "national" and "regional") but also in the ways that it enacted them. Contributors study various modalities of exchange, including the material and causal influence of one theater upon another, as in the case of actors traveling beyond their own regional boundaries; generalized and systemic influence, such as the diffused effect of Italian comedy on English drama; the transmission of theoretical and ethical ideas about the theater by humanist vehicles; the implicit dialogue and exchange generated by actors playing "foreign" roles; and polyglot linguistic resonances that evoke circum-Mediterranean "cultural geographies." In analyzing theater as a medium of dialogic communication, the volume emphasizes cultural relationships of exchange and reciprocity more than unilateral encounters of hegemony and domination.

Essays on Corruption and Enforcement

Author: Alexander Robert Henke
ISBN: OCLC:961228051
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Auditors

This dissertation examines the role and limits of enforcement in environments where the enforcing party faces issues related to corruption and misreporting. In the first chapter, we construct a principal – agent – auditor model with adverse selection in which the principal optimally allows bribery to occur due to the potential for extortion. This result mirrors the moral hazard model of Khalil, Lawarrée and Yun (2010). I introduce a probability that the agent is “honest” in that she cannot lie or engage in corruption. Because the principal cannot distinguish who is honest and who is not a priori, the existence of honest agents creates an additional dimension of adverse selection. Honest agents cannot reduce their expected penalties through bribery, and strategic agents can pretend to be honest, so the principal must either allow additional rent for all dishonest agents or shut down honest, low-income agents. This would avoid the new adverse selection issue, at the cost of revenue. In this way, honesty hurts the principal. In the second chapter, I examine the optimality of commitment to an auditing scheme. Some auditors forgo committing to audit when they seemingly have the capability of doing so, such as the IRS. One explanation is that auditors tend to receive subjective information that may be too late to affect production and transfers but could affect auditing decisions, and contracting upon this information creates additional incentive issues which prevent the auditors from effectively committing to future actions. I construct a principal – agent model with costly auditing occurring after production and transfers, and I find that the principal may optimally forgo commitment to auditing when he observes a strong private signal of the agent’s type prior to auditing. In the third chapter, we examine how the death penalty affects the incidence of reported child rape for different types of offenders. In 2008, the Supreme Court ruled capital punishment for child rape unconstitutional. We use this natural experiment to find evidence that the death penalty reduces reported child rapes for strangers and acquaintances. This evidence suggests that capital punishment deters potential offenders from committing child rape.

Early Modern Tragicomedy

Author: Subha Mukherji
Publisher: DS Brewer
ISBN: 1843841304
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Literary Criticism

Fresh explorations of the tragicomic drama, setting the familiar plays of Shakespeare and his contemporaries alongside Irish and European drama.

Italian Culture in the Drama of Shakespeare His Contemporaries

Author: Michele Marrapodi
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 0754655040
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Literary Criticism

Applying recent developments in new historicism and cultural materialism-along with the new perspectives opened up by the current debate on intertextuality and the construction of the theatrical text-the essays collected here reconsider the pervasive infl

Playing with Something That Runs

Author: Mark J. Butler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199912261
Release Date: 2014-06-02
Genre: Music

Winner of the 2015 PMIG Outstanding Publication Award from the Society of Music Theory The DJs and laptop performers of electronic dance music use preexistent elements such as vinyl records and digital samples to create fluid, dynamic performances. These performances are also largely improvised, evolving in response to the demands of a particular situation through interaction with a dancing audience. Within performance, musicians make numerous spontaneous decisions about variables such as which sounds they will play, when they will play them, and how they will be combined with other sounds. Yet the elements that constitute these improvisations are also fixed in certain fundamental ways: performances are fashioned from patterns or tracks recorded beforehand, and in the case of DJ sets, these elements are also physical objects (vinyl records). In Playing with Something That Runs, author Mark J. Butler explores these improvised performances, revealing the ways in which musicians utilize seemingly invariable prerecorded elements to create novel improvisations. Based on extensive interviews with musicians in their studios, as well as in-depth studies of particular mediums of performance, including both DJ and laptop sets, Butler illustrates the ways in which technologies, both material and musical, are used in performance and improvisation in order to make these transformations possible. An illuminating look at the world of popular electronic-music performance, Playing with Something that Runs is an indispensable resource for electronic dance musicians and fans as well as scholars and students of popular music.

The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare and Contemporary Dramatists

Author: Ton Hoenselaars
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107494336
Release Date: 2012-10-11
Genre: Literary Criticism

While Shakespeare's popularity has continued to grow, so has the attention paid to the work of his contemporaries. The contributors to this Companion introduce the distinctive drama of these playwrights, from the court comedies of John Lyly to the works of Richard Brome in the Caroline era. With chapters on a wide range of familiar and lesser-known dramatists, including Thomas Kyd, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson, John Webster, Thomas Middleton and John Ford, this book devotes particular attention to their personal and professional relationships, occupational rivalries and collaborations. Overturning the popular misconception that Shakespeare wrote in isolation, it offers a new perspective on the most impressive body of drama in the history of the English stage.

The Routledge Companion to Commedia dell Arte

Author: Judith Chaffee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317613367
Release Date: 2014-11-20
Genre: History

From Commedia dell’Arte came archetypal characters that are still with us today, such as Harlequin and Pantalone, and the rediscovered craft of writing comic dramas and masked theatre. From it came the forces that helped create and influence Opera, Ballet, Pantomime, Shakespeare, Moliere, Lopes de Vega, Goldoni, Meyerhold, and even the glove puppet, Mr Punch. The Routledge Companion to Commedia dell’Arte is a wide-ranging volume written by over 50 experts, that traces the history, characteristics, and development of this fascinating yet elusive theatre form. In synthesizing the elements of Commedia, this book introduces the history of the Sartori mask studio; presents a comparison between Gozzi and Goldoni’s complicated and adversarial approaches to theatre; invites discussions on Commedia’s relevance to Shakespeare, and illuminates re-interpretations of Commedia in modern times. The authors are drawn from actors, mask-makers, pedagogues, directors, trainers and academics, all of whom add unique insights into this most delightful of theatre styles. Notable contributions include: • Donato Sartori on the 20th century Sartori mask • Rob Henke on form and freedom • Anna Cottis on Carlo Boso • Didi Hopkins on One Man, Two Guv’nors • Kenneth Richards on acting companies • Antonio Fava on Pulcinella • Joan Schirle on Carlo Mazzone-Clementi and women in Commedia • and M.A. Katritzky on images Olly Crick is a performer, trainer and director, having trained in Commedia under Barry Grantham and Carlo Boso. He is founder of The Fabulous Old Spot Theatre Company. Judith Chaffee is Associate Professor of Theatre at Boston University, and Head of Movement Training for Actors. She trained in Commedia with Antonio Fava, Julie Goell, Stanley Allen Sherman, and Carlos Garcia Estevez.