Probability for Physicists

Author: Simon Sirca
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319316116
Release Date: 2016-05-20
Genre: Science

This book is designed as a practical and intuitive introduction to probability, statistics and random quantities for physicists. The book aims at getting to the main points by a clear, hands-on exposition supported by well-illustrated and worked-out examples. A strong focus on applications in physics and other natural sciences is maintained throughout. In addition to basic concepts of random variables, distributions, expected values and statistics, the book discusses the notions of entropy, Markov processes, and fundamentals of random number generation and Monte-Carlo methods.

Probabilities in Physics

Author: Claus Beisbart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199577439
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Genre: Philosophy

This volume provides a philosophical appraisal of probabilities in all of physics. It makes sense of probabilistic statements as they occur in the various physical theories and models and presents a plausible epistemology and metaphysics of probabilities.

Statistics and Analysis of Scientific Data

Author: Massimiliano Bonamente
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493965724
Release Date: 2016-12-18
Genre: Science

The revised second edition of this textbook provides the reader with a solid foundation in probability theory and statistics as applied to the physical sciences, engineering and related fields. It covers a broad range of numerical and analytical methods that are essential for the correct analysis of scientific data, including probability theory, distribution functions of statistics, fits to two-dimensional data and parameter estimation, Monte Carlo methods and Markov chains. Features new to this edition include: • a discussion of statistical techniques employed in business science, such as multiple regression analysis of multivariate datasets. • a new chapter on the various measures of the mean including logarithmic averages. • new chapters on systematic errors and intrinsic scatter, and on the fitting of data with bivariate errors. • a new case study and additional worked examples. • mathematical derivations and theoretical background material have been appropriately marked, to improve the readability of the text. • end-of-chapter summary boxes, for easy reference. As in the first edition, the main pedagogical method is a theory-then-application approach, where emphasis is placed first on a sound understanding of the underlying theory of a topic, which becomes the basis for an efficient and practical application of the material. The level is appropriate for undergraduates and beginning graduate students, and as a reference for the experienced researcher. Basic calculus is used in some of the derivations, and no previous background in probability and statistics is required. The book includes many numerical tables of data, as well as exercises and examples to aid the readers' understanding of the topic.

Probability in Physics

Author: Yemima Ben-Menahem
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642213281
Release Date: 2012-01-25
Genre: Mathematics

This collection of essays by some of the world's foremost experts, presents an in-depth analysis of the meaning of probabilities in contemporary physics.

Mathematics for Physics and Physicists

Author: Walter Appel
Publisher:
ISBN: 0691131023
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Science

Aims to show graduate students and researchers the vital benefits of integrating mathematics into their study and experience of the physical world. This book details numerous topics from the frontiers of modern physics and mathematics such as convergence, Green functions, complex analysis, Fourier series and Fourier transform, tensors, and others.

General Relativity

Author: Norbert Straumann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662118276
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Science

The foundations are thoroughly developed together with the required mathematical background from differential geometry developed in Part III. The author also discusses the tests of general relativity in detail, including binary pulsars, with much space is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to neutron stars and to the basic laws of black-hole physics. This well-structured text and reference enables readers to easily navigate through the various sections as best matches their backgrounds and perspectives, whether mathematical, physical or astronomical. Very applications oriented, the text includes very recent results, such as the supermassive black-hole in our galaxy and first double pulsar system

Mathematics for Physics

Author: Michael Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139480611
Release Date: 2009-07-09
Genre: Science

An engagingly-written account of mathematical tools and ideas, this book provides a graduate-level introduction to the mathematics used in research in physics. The first half of the book focuses on the traditional mathematical methods of physics – differential and integral equations, Fourier series and the calculus of variations. The second half contains an introduction to more advanced subjects, including differential geometry, topology and complex variables. The authors' exposition avoids excess rigor whilst explaining subtle but important points often glossed over in more elementary texts. The topics are illustrated at every stage by carefully chosen examples, exercises and problems drawn from realistic physics settings. These make it useful both as a textbook in advanced courses and for self-study. Password-protected solutions to the exercises are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521854030.

Analysis and Probability

Author: Palle E. T. Jorgensen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387330822
Release Date: 2007-10-17
Genre: Mathematics

Combines analysis and tools from probability, harmonic analysis, operator theory, and engineering (signal/image processing) Interdisciplinary focus with hands-on approach, generous motivation and new pedagogical techniques Numerous exercises reinforce fundamental concepts and hone computational skills Separate sections explain engineering terms to mathematicians and operator theory to engineers Fills a gap in the literature

Introduction to Statistical Physics

Author: Silvio Salinas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387951199
Release Date: 2001-02-08
Genre: Science

This textbook covers the basic principles of statistical physics and thermodynamics. The text is pitched at the level equivalent to first-year graduate studies or advanced undergraduate studies. It presents the subject in a straightforward and lively manner. After reviewing the basic probability theory of classical thermodynamics, the author addresses the standard topics of statistical physics. The text demonstrates their relevance in other scientific fields using clear and explicit examples. Later chapters introduce phase transitions, critical phenomena and non-equilibrium phenomena.

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Author: Rainer Dick
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319256757
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Science

In this updated and expanded second edition of a well-received and invaluable textbook, Prof. Dick emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, or scattering. Important aspects of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. Advanced Quantum Mechanics, Materials and Photons can therefore be used for advanced undergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses which are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject as accessible as possible Appendices A and B also provide introductions to Lagrangian mechanics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics. This second edition includes an additional 62 new problems as well as expanded sections on relativistic quantum fields and applications of quantum electrodynamics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrated discussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have acquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy. Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition a mplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, absorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimental techniques that use photon probes. Quantization is first discussed for the Schrödinger field before the relativistic Maxwell, Klein-Gordon and Dirac fields are quantized. Quantized Schrödinger field theory is not only important for condensed matter physics and materials science, but also provides the easiest avenue to general field quantization and is therefore also useful for students with an interest in nuclear and particle physics. The quantization of the Maxwell field is performed in Coulomb gauge. This is the appropriate and practically most useful quantization procedure in condensed matter physics, chemistry, and materials science because it naturally separates the effects of Coulomb interactions, exchange interactions, and photon scattering. The appendices contain additional material that is usually not found in standard quantum mechanics textbooks, including a completeness proof for eigenfunctions of one-dimensional Sturm-Liouville problems, logarithms of matrices, and Green’s functions in different dimensions.

Noise Theory and Application to Physics

Author: Philippe Réfrégier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387225265
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

This is a unique approach to noise theory and its application to physical measurements that will find its place among the graduate course books. In a very systematic way, the foundations are laid and applied in a way that the book will also be useful to those not focusing on optics. Exercises and solutions help students to deepen their knowledge.

Explorations in Mathematical Physics

Author: Don Koks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387309439
Release Date: 2006-09-15
Genre: Science

Have you ever wondered why the language of modern physics centres on geometry? Or how quantum operators and Dirac brackets work? What a convolution really is? What tensors are all about? Or what field theory and lagrangians are, and why gravity is described as curvature? This book takes you on a tour of the main ideas forming the language of modern mathematical physics. Here you will meet novel approaches to concepts such as determinants and geometry, wave function evolution, statistics, signal processing, and three-dimensional rotations. You will see how the accelerated frames of special relativity tell us about gravity. On the journey, you will discover how tensor notation relates to vector calculus, how differential geometry is built on intuitive concepts, and how variational calculus leads to field theory. You will meet quantum measurement theory, along with Green functions and the art of complex integration, and finally general relativity and cosmology. The book takes a fresh approach to tensor analysis built solely on the metric and vectors, with no need for one-forms. This gives a much more geometrical and intuitive insight into vector and tensor calculus, together with general relativity, than do traditional, more abstract methods. Don Koks is a physicist at the Defence Science and Technology Organisation in Adelaide, Australia. His doctorate in quantum cosmology was obtained from the Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics at Adelaide University. Prior work at the University of Auckland specialised in applied accelerator physics, along with pure and applied mathematics.

Stochastic Processes in Quantum Physics

Author: Masao Nagasawa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3764362081
Release Date: 2000-05-01
Genre: Mathematics

From the reviews: "The text is almost self-contained and requires only an elementary knowledge of probability theory at the graduate level. The book under review is recommended to mathematicians, physicists and graduate students interested in mathematical physics and stochastic processes. Furthermore, some selected chapters can be used as sub-textbooks for advanced courses on stochastic processes, quantum theory and quantum chemistry." ZAA

Computational Methods for Physicists

Author: Simon Sirca
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642324789
Release Date: 2012-12-17
Genre: Science

This book helps advanced undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral students in their daily work by offering them a compendium of numerical methods. The choice of methods pays significant attention to error estimates, stability and convergence issues as well as to the ways to optimize program execution speeds. Many examples are given throughout the chapters, and each chapter is followed by at least a handful of more comprehensive problems which may be dealt with, for example, on a weekly basis in a one- or two-semester course. In these end-of-chapter problems the physics background is pronounced, and the main text preceding them is intended as an introduction or as a later reference. Less stress is given to the explanation of individual algorithms. It is tried to induce in the reader an own independent thinking and a certain amount of scepticism and scrutiny instead of blindly following readily available commercial tools.