Principles of Quantum Artificial Intelligence

Author: Andreas Wichert
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814566766
Release Date: 2013-10-23
Genre: Computers

In this book, we introduce quantum computation and its application to AI. We highlight problem solving and knowledge representation framework. Based on information theory, we cover two main principles of quantum computation — Quantum Fourier transform and Grover search. Then, we indicate how these two principles can be applied to problem solving and finally present a general model of a quantum computer that is based on production systems. Contents:IntroductionComputationProblem SolvingInformationReversible AlgorithmsProbabilityIntroduction to Quantum PhysicsComputation with QubitsPeriodicitySearchQuantum Problem-SolvingQuantum CognitionRelated Approaches Readership: Professionals, academics, researchers and graduate students in artificial intelligence, theoretical computer science, quantum physics and computational physics. Keywords:Quantum Computing;Quantum Theory;Artificial Intelligence;Cognitive Computation;AlgorithmsKey Features:Introduces a new subarea of AI — Quantum Artificial IntelligenceOrients itself on computer science by merging AI and Quantum Computation principles

Principles of Quantum Artificial Intelligence

Author: Andreas Wichert
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814566748
Release Date: 2013-10-23
Genre: Computers

In this book, we introduce quantum computation and its application to AI. We highlight problem solving and knowledge representation framework. Based on information theory, we cover two main principles of quantum computation — Quantum Fourier transform and Grover search. Then, we indicate how these two principles can be applied to problem solving and finally present a general model of a quantum computer that is based on production systems.

Adventures in Computer Science

Author: Vicente Moret-Bonillo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319648071
Release Date: 2017-11-23
Genre: Computers

The main focus of this textbook is the basic unit of information and the way in which our understanding of this has evolved over time. In particular the author covers concepts related to information, classical computing, logic, reversible computing, quantum mechanics, quantum computing, thermodynamics and some artificial intelligence and biology, all approached from the viewpoint of computer sciences. The book begins by asking the following nontrivial question: what is a bit? The author then discusses logic, logic gates, reversible computing and reversible architectures, and the concept of disorder. He then tries to establish the relationship between three essential questions that justify quantum approaches in computer sciences: the energy required to perform a real-life computation, the size of current processors, and the reversibility of quantum operations. Based on these concepts, the author establishes the conditions that justify the use of quantum techniques for certain kinds of computational tasks, and he uses formal descriptions and formal argumentations to introduce key quantum mechanical concepts and approaches. The rest of the book is formally different, focusing on practical issues, including a discussion of remarkable quantum algorithms in a treatment based on quantum circuit theory. The book is valuable for graduate students in computer science, and students of other disciplines who are engaged with physical models of information and computing.

Quantum Physics and Artificial Intelligence in the 21st Century

Author: Jan Krikke
Publisher: Booksmango
ISBN: 164153205X
Release Date: 2018-09-12
Genre:

What happens when we look at two of the most important sciences of today, quantum physics and artificial intelligence, through Chinese eyes?We see that the Chinese developed an esthetic theory about space and time centuries before Albert Einstein developed Relativity Theory. We also understand why the Chinese world view inspired quantum mechanics pioneers Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg, psychoanalyst Carl Jung and the leading figures of the spiritually focused New Age movement.A fresh look at China's ancient world view can even help us understand why binary code inventor Gottfried Leibniz argued that the Chinese invented the first binary code. The Chinese used different symbols - broken and unbroken lines instead of 0 and 1 - but Leibniz claimed the underlying principle was the same. Leibniz is the "spiritual" father of AI and the first to propose the "mechanization" of thought.AI and quantum mechanics are confronted with similar questions: Is nature continuous or discrete, wave or particle, analog or digital? How will AI address this dichotomy? Can the Chinese world view shed light on this unresolved mystery?In the 21st century, China is likely to make its presence felt throughout the world. Understanding its ancient world view can help us anticipate this influence and it may show us the contours of the future of AI, arguably the last "hard" science humanity will ever need."This book contains fascinating stories largely unknown, a history of Western scientific ideas, an insightful interpretation of ancient Chinese culture, and mind-expanding connections between East and West, art and technology, past and future. A unique play of creative ideas!"Bill Kelly, Lecturer in Intercultural Communication, UCLA (ret.)

Quantum Inspired Intelligent Systems

Author: Leandro dos Santos Coelho
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540785316
Release Date: 2008-05-29
Genre: Mathematics

Research on applying principles of quantum computing to improve the engineering of intelligent systems has been launched since late 1990s. This emergent research field concentrates on studying on quantum computing that is characterized by certain principles of quantum mechanics such as standing waves, interference, quantum bits, coherence, superposition of states, and concept of interference, combined with computational intelligence or soft computing approaches, such as artificial neural networks, fuzzy systems, evolutionary computing, swarm intelligence and hybrid soft computing methods. This volume offers a wide spectrum of research work developed using soft computing combined with quantum computing systems.

Leben 3 0

Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 9783843716703
Release Date: 2017-11-17
Genre: Social Science

Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Hit Refresh

Author: Satya Nadella
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
ISBN: 9783864704840
Release Date: 2017-12-06
Genre: Political Science

Lange bevor es iPad oder Kindle gab, hatte Microsoft bereits ein Tablet und einen E-Reader entwickelt. Nur: Es hatte die Produkte nie genutzt und war gegen neue Innovatoren wie Apple, Google und Amazon ins Hintertreffen geraten. Um diesen Rückstand wieder aufzuholen, musste Microsoft nicht nur eine Strategie entwickeln, wie es künftig mit neuen Technologien wie künstlicher Intelligenz, Robotern und Co umgehen wollte – der einstige Vorreiter in Sachen Innovation musste seine Kultur vollkommen erneuern und seine Seele wiederfinden. Dies ist die Inside-Story dieser Transformation.

Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems

Author: Emilio Corchado
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540876557
Release Date: 2008-09-10
Genre: Computers

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems, HAIS 2008, held in Burgos, Spain, during September 24-26, 2008. The 93 papers presented, together with 4 invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 280 submissions. The topics covered are agents and multi-agent systems; evolutionary computation; connectionist models; optimization sysetms; fuzzy logic systems; classification and classifiers; cluster analysis; video and image analysis; learning systems, algorithms and applications; hybrid systems based on negotiation and social network modelling; real world applications of HAIS under uncertainty; hybrid intelligent systems for multi-robot and multi-agent systems; applications of hybrid artificial intelligence in bioinformatics; and novel approaches to genetic fuzzy systems.

Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence

Author: De-Shuang Huang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540859833
Release Date: 2008-08-28
Genre: Computers

The International Conference on Intelligent Computing (ICIC) was formed to p- vide an annual forum dedicated to the emerging and challenging topics in artificial intelligence, machine learning, bioinformatics, and computational biology, etc. It aims to bring together researchers and practitioners from both academia and ind- try to share ideas, problems and solutions related to the multifaceted aspects of intelligent computing. ICIC 2008, held in Shanghai, China, September 15–18, 2008, constituted the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Computing. It built upon the success of ICIC 2007, ICIC 2006 and ICIC 2005 held in Qingdao, Kunming and Hefei, China, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. This year, the conference concentrated mainly on the theories and methodologies as well as the emerging applications of intelligent computing. Its aim was to unify the picture of contemporary intelligent computing techniques as an integral concept that highlights the trends in advanced computational intelligence and bridges theoretical research with applications. Therefore, the theme for this conference was “Emerging Intelligent Computing Technology and Applications”. Papers focusing on this theme were solicited, addressing theories, methodologies, and applications in science and technology.

How to Create Machine Superintelligence

Author: Artem Kovera
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1986641236
Release Date: 2018-03-18
Genre:

Imagine what an astonishing effect could happen if we combined profound human natural creativity with computers' numerical and logical capabilities. Probably, individuals who will use this technology will immensely benefit from it. But how can we do this? In this book, the author puts forward the hypothesis that natural intelligence can be simulated as a generative model (more specifically a special set of generative models) that is constantly being fed into a reinforcement learning procedure. This book will cover many approaches to machine learning and the main classes of artificial neural networks and how these computational approaches can potentially lead to the creation of artificial general intelligence. In this book, you will find a quick explanation of two main methodologies for computation: classical and quantum computing, and how the principles of operation of those can be applied to building artificial intelligence. You will also learn about the fundamental limitations of computation and about the paradigms of uncertainty and unpredictability of the world. We will see why this is important for understanding the capabilities of natural and artificial intelligence.

Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence

Author: Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780128044377
Release Date: 2016-09-20
Genre: Computers

Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence: Research and Applications explores the latest quantum computational intelligence approaches, initiatives, and applications in computing, engineering, science, and business. The book explores this emerging field of research that applies principles of quantum mechanics to develop more efficient and robust intelligent systems. Conventional computational intelligence—or soft computing—is conjoined with quantum computing to achieve this objective. The models covered can be applied to any endeavor which handles complex and meaningful information. Brings together quantum computing with computational intelligence to achieve enhanced performance and robust solutions Includes numerous case studies, tools, and technologies to apply the concepts to real world practice Provides the missing link between the research and practice

Progress in Artificial Intelligence

Author: Carlos Bento
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540307372
Release Date: 2005-11-30
Genre: Computers

With this edition, EPIA, the Portuguese Conference on Arti'cial Intelligence, celebrates its 20th anniversary.Like all its previous editions, it has been run - der the auspices of the Portuguese Association for Arti'cial Intelligence (APPIA), which was established in 1984 and is also celebrating 20 years of activity. The ?rst edition of EPIA was held in Porto, in October 1985, organised by Pavel Brazdil, Miguel Filgueiras, Lu ́ ?s Damas and Armando Campos e Matos. EPIA soon evolved to an international conference by adopting in its fourth edition English as the o'cial language and having its proceedings published by Springer,intheLNAIseries.Inrecentyears,theconferencegraduallyprogressed from a plenary organisation to a workshop-based structure. The conference has steadily assumed high-quality standards, both in its scienti'c management and in the scienti'c program, with the aim of progressively broadening its audience and improving its impact over young researchers. EPIA2005wasthe12theditionoftheconference.With theabove-mentioned celebrations in mind, we decided to work towards the involvement of several generations of AI researchersin the organisationof the event. As a result, EPIA 2005 involved for the ?rst time an Advisory Committee, composed of all the founders of APPIA that are still working in AI, and also the Co-chairs of the lastEPIAs,as listed elsewherein these proceedings.We wantto express to them our gratitude for all the support, advice and con'dence.