Principles of Quantum Artificial Intelligence

Author: Andreas Wichert
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814566766
Release Date: 2013-10-23
Genre: Computers

In this book, we introduce quantum computation and its application to AI. We highlight problem solving and knowledge representation framework. Based on information theory, we cover two main principles of quantum computation — Quantum Fourier transform and Grover search. Then, we indicate how these two principles can be applied to problem solving and finally present a general model of a quantum computer that is based on production systems. Contents:IntroductionComputationProblem SolvingInformationReversible AlgorithmsProbabilityIntroduction to Quantum PhysicsComputation with QubitsPeriodicitySearchQuantum Problem-SolvingQuantum CognitionRelated Approaches Readership: Professionals, academics, researchers and graduate students in artificial intelligence, theoretical computer science, quantum physics and computational physics. Keywords:Quantum Computing;Quantum Theory;Artificial Intelligence;Cognitive Computation;AlgorithmsKey Features:Introduces a new subarea of AI — Quantum Artificial IntelligenceOrients itself on computer science by merging AI and Quantum Computation principles

Principles of Quantum Artificial Intelligence

Author: Andreas Wichert
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814566748
Release Date: 2013-10-23
Genre: Computers

In this book, we introduce quantum computation and its application to AI. We highlight problem solving and knowledge representation framework. Based on information theory, we cover two main principles of quantum computation — Quantum Fourier transform and Grover search. Then, we indicate how these two principles can be applied to problem solving and finally present a general model of a quantum computer that is based on production systems.

Leben 3 0

Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 9783843716703
Release Date: 2017-11-17
Genre: Social Science

Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Adventures in Computer Science

Author: Vicente Moret-Bonillo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319648071
Release Date: 2017-11-23
Genre: Computers

The main focus of this textbook is the basic unit of information and the way in which our understanding of this has evolved over time. In particular the author covers concepts related to information, classical computing, logic, reversible computing, quantum mechanics, quantum computing, thermodynamics and some artificial intelligence and biology, all approached from the viewpoint of computer sciences. The book begins by asking the following nontrivial question: what is a bit? The author then discusses logic, logic gates, reversible computing and reversible architectures, and the concept of disorder. He then tries to establish the relationship between three essential questions that justify quantum approaches in computer sciences: the energy required to perform a real-life computation, the size of current processors, and the reversibility of quantum operations. Based on these concepts, the author establishes the conditions that justify the use of quantum techniques for certain kinds of computational tasks, and he uses formal descriptions and formal argumentations to introduce key quantum mechanical concepts and approaches. The rest of the book is formally different, focusing on practical issues, including a discussion of remarkable quantum algorithms in a treatment based on quantum circuit theory. The book is valuable for graduate students in computer science, and students of other disciplines who are engaged with physical models of information and computing.

Quantum Inspired Intelligent Systems

Author: Nadia Nedjah
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540785316
Release Date: 2008-05-21
Genre: Computers

Research on applying principles of quantum computing to improve the engineering of intelligent systems was launched in the late 1990s. This volume offers a wide spectrum of research work developed using soft computing combined with quantum computing systems.

Hit Refresh

Author: Satya Nadella
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
ISBN: 9783864704840
Release Date: 2017-12-06
Genre: Political Science

Lange bevor es iPad oder Kindle gab, hatte Microsoft bereits ein Tablet und einen E-Reader entwickelt. Nur: Es hatte die Produkte nie genutzt und war gegen neue Innovatoren wie Apple, Google und Amazon ins Hintertreffen geraten. Um diesen Rückstand wieder aufzuholen, musste Microsoft nicht nur eine Strategie entwickeln, wie es künftig mit neuen Technologien wie künstlicher Intelligenz, Robotern und Co umgehen wollte – der einstige Vorreiter in Sachen Innovation musste seine Kultur vollkommen erneuern und seine Seele wiederfinden. Dies ist die Inside-Story dieser Transformation.

Quantum Physics in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Jan Krikke
Publisher: Booksmango
ISBN: 9781641532044
Release Date: 2018-09-12
Genre: Philosophy

What happens when we look at two of the most important sciences of today, quantum physics and artificial intelligence, through Chinese eyes? We see that the Chinese developed an esthetic theory about space and time centuries before Albert Einstein developed Relativity Theory. We also understand why the Chinese world view inspired quantum mechanics pioneers Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg, psychoanalyst Carl Jung and the leading figures of the spiritually focused New Age movement. A fresh look at China’s ancient world view can even help us understand why binary code inventor Gottfried Leibniz argued that the Chinese invented the first binary code. The Chinese used different symbols – broken and unbroken lines instead of 0 and 1 – but Leibniz claimed the underlying principle was the same. Leibniz is the “spiritual” father of AI and the first to propose the “mechanization” of thought. AI and quantum mechanics are confronted with similar questions: Is nature continuous or discrete, wave or particle, analog or digital? How will AI address this dichotomy? Can the Chinese world view shed light on this unresolved mystery? In the 21st century, China is likely to make its presence felt throughout the world. Understanding its ancient world view can help us anticipate this influence and it may show us the contours of the future of AI, arguably the last “hard” science humanity will ever need. “This book contains fascinating stories largely unknown, a history of Western scientific ideas, an insightful interpretation of ancient Chinese culture, and mind-expanding connections between East and West, art and technology, past and future. A unique play of creative ideas!” Bill Kelly, Lecturer in Intercultural Communication, UCLA (ret.)

How to Create Machine Superintelligence

Author: Artem Kovera
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1986641236
Release Date: 2018-03-18
Genre:

Imagine what an astonishing effect could happen if we combined profound human natural creativity with computers' numerical and logical capabilities. Probably, individuals who will use this technology will immensely benefit from it. But how can we do this? In this book, the author puts forward the hypothesis that natural intelligence can be simulated as a generative model (more specifically a special set of generative models) that is constantly being fed into a reinforcement learning procedure. This book will cover many approaches to machine learning and the main classes of artificial neural networks and how these computational approaches can potentially lead to the creation of artificial general intelligence. In this book, you will find a quick explanation of two main methodologies for computation: classical and quantum computing, and how the principles of operation of those can be applied to building artificial intelligence. You will also learn about the fundamental limitations of computation and about the paradigms of uncertainty and unpredictability of the world. We will see why this is important for understanding the capabilities of natural and artificial intelligence.

Kurze Antworten auf gro e Fragen

Author: Stephen Hawking
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608115109
Release Date: 2018-10-22
Genre: Political Science

Stephen Hawkings Vermächtnis In seinem letzten Buch gibt Stephen Hawking Antworten auf die drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit und nimmt uns mit auf eine persönliche Reise durch das Universum seiner Weltanschauung. Seine Gedanken zu Ursprung und Zukunft der Menschheit sind zugleich eine Mahnung, unseren Heimatplaneten besser vor den Gefahren unserer Gegenwart zu schützen. Zugänglich und klar finden Sie in diesem Buch Hawkings Antworten auf die drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit. - Warum gibt es uns Menschen überhaupt? - Und woher kommen wir? - Gibt es im Weltall andere intelligente Lebewesen? - Existiert Gott? - In welchem Zustand befindet sich unser Heimatplanet? - Werden wir auf der Erde überleben? - Retten oder zerstören uns Naturwissenschaften und Technik? - Hilft uns die künstliche Intelligenz, die Erde zu bewahren? - Können wir den Weltraum bevölkern? - Wie werden wir die Schwächsten – Kinder, Kranke, alte Menschen – schützen? - Wie werden wir unsere Kinder erziehen? Brillanter Physiker, revolutionärer Kosmologe, unerschütterlicher Optimist. Für Stephen Hawking bergen die Weiten des Universums nicht nur naturwissenschaftliche Geheimnisse. In seinem persönlichsten Buch beantwortet der Autor die großen Fragen des menschlichen Lebens und spricht die wichtigsten Themen unserer Zeit an. Zugänglich und klar erläutert er die Folgen des menschlichen Fortschritts – vom Klimawandel bis hin zu künstlicher Intelligenz – und diskutiert seine Gefahren. Hier finden Sie Hawkings Antworten auf die Urfragen der Menschheit. Ein großer Appell an politische Machthaber und jeden Einzelnen von uns, unseren bedrohten Heimatplaneten besser zu schützen.

Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems

Author: Emilio Corchado
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540876557
Release Date: 2008-09-10
Genre: Computers

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems, HAIS 2008, held in Burgos, Spain, during September 24-26, 2008. The 93 papers presented, together with 4 invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 280 submissions. The topics covered are agents and multi-agent systems; evolutionary computation; connectionist models; optimization sysetms; fuzzy logic systems; classification and classifiers; cluster analysis; video and image analysis; learning systems, algorithms and applications; hybrid systems based on negotiation and social network modelling; real world applications of HAIS under uncertainty; hybrid intelligent systems for multi-robot and multi-agent systems; applications of hybrid artificial intelligence in bioinformatics; and novel approaches to genetic fuzzy systems.

Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence

Author: De-Shuang Huang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540859833
Release Date: 2008-08-28
Genre: Computers

This book - in conjunction with the two volumes CCIS 0015 and LNCS 5226 - constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2008, held in Shanghai, China, in September 2008. The 136 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 2336 submissions. The papers address all current issues in the field of intelligent computing technology, including neural networks, evolutionary computing and genetic algorithms, fuzzy systems and soft computing, particle swarm optimization and niche technology, supervised and semi-supervised learning, unsupervised and reinforcement learning, fine feature extraction methods, combinatorial and numerical optimization, neural computing and optimization, case based reasoning and autonomy-oriented computing, as well as artificial life and artificial immune systems. The volume is rounded off by three special sessions on computational analysis and data mining in biological systems, on data mining and fusion in bioinformatics, and on intelligent pattern recognition and understanding in image processing.

Menschheit 2 0

Author: Ray Kurzweil
Publisher: Lola Books
ISBN: 9783944203133
Release Date: 2015-07-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Das Jahr 2045 markiert einen historischen Meilenstein: Es ist das Jahr, in dem der Mensch seine biologischen Begrenzungen mithilfe der Technik überwinden wird. Diese als technologische Singularität bekannt gewordene Revolution wird die Menschheit für immer verändern. Googles Chefingenieur Ray Kurzweil, dessen wahnwitzigen Visionen in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder genau ins Schwarze trafen, zeichnet in diesem Klassiker des Transhumanismus mit beispielloser Detailwut eine bunt schillernde Momentaufnahme der technischen Evolution und legt dar, weshalb diese so bald kein Ende finden, sondern im Gegenteil immer weiter an Dynamik gewinnen wird. Daraus ergibt sich eine ebenso faszinierende wie schockierende Vision für die Zukunft der Menschheit.

Quantum Physics and Artificial Intelligence in the 21st Century

Author: Jan Krikke
Publisher: Booksmango
ISBN: 164153205X
Release Date: 2018-09-12
Genre:

What happens when we look at two of the most important sciences of today, quantum physics and artificial intelligence, through Chinese eyes?We see that the Chinese developed an esthetic theory about space and time centuries before Albert Einstein developed Relativity Theory. We also understand why the Chinese world view inspired quantum mechanics pioneers Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg, psychoanalyst Carl Jung and the leading figures of the spiritually focused New Age movement.A fresh look at China's ancient world view can even help us understand why binary code inventor Gottfried Leibniz argued that the Chinese invented the first binary code. The Chinese used different symbols - broken and unbroken lines instead of 0 and 1 - but Leibniz claimed the underlying principle was the same. Leibniz is the "spiritual" father of AI and the first to propose the "mechanization" of thought.AI and quantum mechanics are confronted with similar questions: Is nature continuous or discrete, wave or particle, analog or digital? How will AI address this dichotomy? Can the Chinese world view shed light on this unresolved mystery?In the 21st century, China is likely to make its presence felt throughout the world. Understanding its ancient world view can help us anticipate this influence and it may show us the contours of the future of AI, arguably the last "hard" science humanity will ever need."This book contains fascinating stories largely unknown, a history of Western scientific ideas, an insightful interpretation of ancient Chinese culture, and mind-expanding connections between East and West, art and technology, past and future. A unique play of creative ideas!"Bill Kelly, Lecturer in Intercultural Communication, UCLA (ret.)

Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence

Author: Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780128044377
Release Date: 2016-09-20
Genre: Computers

Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence: Research and Applications explores the latest quantum computational intelligence approaches, initiatives, and applications in computing, engineering, science, and business. The book explores this emerging field of research that applies principles of quantum mechanics to develop more efficient and robust intelligent systems. Conventional computational intelligence—or soft computing—is conjoined with quantum computing to achieve this objective. The models covered can be applied to any endeavor which handles complex and meaningful information. Brings together quantum computing with computational intelligence to achieve enhanced performance and robust solutions Includes numerous case studies, tools, and technologies to apply the concepts to real world practice Provides the missing link between the research and practice