Polymer Adhesion Friction and Lubrication

Author: Hongbo Zeng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118505137
Release Date: 2013-02-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Specifically dedicated to polymer and biopolymer systems, Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication guides readers to the scratch, wear, and lubrication properties of polymers and the engineering applications, from biomedical research to automotive engineering. Author Hongbo Zeng details different experimental and theoretical methods used to probe static and dynamic properties of polymer materials and biomacromolecular systems. Topics include the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to analyze nanotribology, polymer thin films and brushes, nanoparticles, rubber and tire technology, synovial joint lubrication, adhesion in paper products, bioMEMS, and electrorheological fluids.

Lubricating Polymer Surfaces

Author: Yoshikimi Uyama
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1566760135
Release Date: 1998-04-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

FROM THE PREFACE The surface modification of polymeric materials has been the object of a large number of investigations, but little attention has been paid to making a polymer surface frictionless or slippery, and lubricating surfaces are practically unmentioned in any books so far published, probably because of the relatively minor importance of polymer friction in industrial applications. A lubricating polymer surface is important, especially in marine and biomedical technologies. For instance, biomaterials to be used for catheterization on the urinary, tracheal, and cardiovascular tracts, or for endoscopy, should have a surface with good handling characteristics when dry and which preferably becomes slippery upon contact with body liquids. Such a low-friction surface must enable easy insertion and removal of the device from a patient. It would further prevent mechanical injury to the mucous membranes and minimize discomfort to the patient. Earlier approaches to providing a low-friction surface were mostly simple applications involving lubricants such as lidocaine jelly, silicone oil, or non-permanent coating with low-friction materials such as polyethylene or fluoroplastics. However, these substances cannot maintain a high degree of slipperiness for the required duration of time, due to the fact that they leach or disperse into the surrounding body fluids. The aim of this book is to describe the principle of lubrication, to outline a variety of methods for attaining a lubricous surface, and to describe the characteristics and properties of such lubricous surfaces. The technology for surface modification of polymers by grafting will find other applications than for lubrication, such as for improvement of the interfacial adhesion in polymer composites.

Progress in Adhesion and Adhesives

Author: K. L. Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119407478
Release Date: 2017-06-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

With the ever-increasing amount of research being published it is a Herculean task to be fully conversant with the latest research developments in any field, and the arena of adhesion and adhesives is no exception. Thus, topical review articles provide an alternate and very efficient way to stay abreast of the state-of-the-art in may subjects representing the field of adhesion science and adheisves. Based on the success and the warm reception accorded to the premier volume in this series “Progress in Adhesion and Adhesives” (containing the review articles published in Volume 2 (2014) of the journal Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives (RAA)), volume 2 comprises 14 review articles published in Volume 4 (2016) of RAA. The subjects of these 14 reviews fall into the following general areas: 1. Surface modification of polymers for a variety of purposes. 2. Adhesion aspects in reinforced composites 3. Thin films/coatings and their adhesion measurement 4. Bioadhesion and bio-implants 5. Adhesives and adhesive joints 6. General adhesion aspects The topics covered include: surface modification of natural fibers for reinforced polymer composites; adhesion of submicrometer thin metals films; surface treatments to modulate bioadhesion; hot-melt adhesives from renewable resources; particulate-polymer composites; functionally graded adhesively bonded joints; fabrication of nano-biodevices; effects of particulates on contact angles , thermal stresses in adhesively bonded joints and ways to mitigate these; laser-assisted electroless metallization of polymer materials; adhesion measurement of coatings on biodevices/implants; cyanoacrylate adhesives; and adhesion of green flame retardant coatings onto polyolefins.

Tribologie Handbuch

Author: Horst Czichos
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834800171
Release Date: 2010-04-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Dieses Handbuch behandelt anschaulich die Systemgrundlagen von Reibung, Verschleiß und der Tribosysteme einschließlich der charakteristischen Merkmale tribologischer Beanspruchungen. Einen Schwerpunkt bildet das Reibungs- und Verschleißverhalten über tribotechnische Werkstoffe der wichtigsten metallischen, keramischen und polymeren Konstruktionswerkstoffe. Im stark anwendungsorientierten Teil werden tribotechnische Bauteile des Maschinenbaus und Werkzeuge der Fertigungstechnik behandelt. Der umfangreiche Anhang enthält Verschleißerscheinungsbilder, Reibungs- und Verschleißkennzahlen ausgewählter Systeme von Gleitpaarungen sowie Normen der Tribologie. In der aktuellen Auflage wurden Kapitel zur Tief- und Hochtemperaturtribologie, zu tribotechnischen Werkstoffen und zur Tribologie in der Produktionstechnik neu aufgenommen.

Frontiers of Tribology

Author: Roberts
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0750301902
Release Date: 1992-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Topics addressed at the April 1991 conference held in Stratford-upon- Avon, UK, and sponsored by the Tribology Group of the Institute of Physics (UK), include adhesion, boundary lubrication, friction, fluid film lubrication, surface analysis, lubricant additives, and other physical aspects, with particular focus on underlying mechanisms. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Surfactants in Tribology

Author: Girma Biresaw
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439889619
Release Date: 2013-03-20
Genre: Science

The manufacture and use of almost every consumer and industrial product rely on application of advanced knowledge in surface science and tribology. These two disciplines are of critical importance in major economic sectors, such as mining, agriculture, manufacturing (including metals, plastics, wood, computers, MEMS, NEMS, appliances), construction, transportation, and medical instruments, transplants, and diagnostic devices. An up-to-date reference with contributions by experts in surface science and tribology, Surfactants in Tribology, Volume 3 discusses some of the underlying tribological and surface science issues relevant to many situations in diverse industries. The tradition of presenting new developments and research that began with the first volume in this groundbreaking series continues in the third volume. Comprising 19 chapters on various aspects of surfactants in tribology—including subjects not covered in previous volumes—this book is presented in four parts: Nanotribology and Polymeric Systems, Biobased and Environmentally Friendly Lubricants and Additives, Tribological Properties of Aqueous and Nonaqueous Systems, and Advanced Tribological Concepts. Topics include tribological properties of nanoparticles, biopolymer friction, environmentally friendly surface-active agents, biolubricants, aqueous mixed surfactant systems, and surfactants in motor oil, drilling fluids, and in electrowetting for MEMS and NEMS. The information in this volume provides a cutting-edge reference connecting the fields of surfactants and tribology as a way forward to novel, enhanced methods of controlling lubrication, friction, and wear. Written by a global team of established authorities, this book reflects the latest developments, highlighting the relevance of surfactants in tribological phenomena in a broad range of industries. It provides a valuable resource for readers working in or entering the fields of tribology and surface science.

Micro Nanotribology and Its Applications

Author: Bharat Bhushan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401156462
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

Micro/nanotribology as a field is concerned with experimental and theoretical investigations of processes ranging from atomic and molecular scales to the microscale, occurring during adhesion, friction, wear, and thin-film lubrication at sliding surfaces. As a field it is truly interdisciplinary, but this confronts the would-be entrant with the difficulty of becoming familiar with the basic theories and applications: the area is not covered in any undergraduate or graduate scientific curriculum. The present work commences with a history of tribology and micro/nanotribology, followed by discussions of instrumentation, basic theories of friction, wear and lubrication on nano- to microscales, and their industrial applications. A variety of research instruments are covered, including a variety of scanning probe microscopes and surface force apparatus. Experimental research and modelling are expertly dealt with, the emphasis throughout being applied aspects.

Physicochemical Aspects of Polymer Surfaces

Author: K. L. Mittal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461575849
Release Date: 2013-03-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This and its companion Volume 2 document the proceedings of the International Symposium on Physicochemical Aspects of Polymer Surfaces held under the auspices of the American Chemical Society in New York City, August 23-28, 1981. This event was sponsored by the Division of Colloid and Surface Chemistry and the Divisions of Organic Coatings and Plastics Chemistry, and Industrial and Engineering Chemistry were the cosponsors. The study of polymer surfaces is important from both funda mental and applied points of view. The applications of polymers are legion and wheresoever polymers are used, their surface char acteristics, inter alia, are of great concern and importance; and the areas where polymers find applications range from microelec tronics to prosthetics. In the last decade or so, the availabil ity of various sophisticated surface analytical techniques, par ticularly ESCA, has been a boon in enhancing our knowledge of polymer surfaces. This Symposium was designed to bring together scientists and technologists interested in all aspects of polymer surfaces, to provide a forum for discussion of various ramifications of poly mer surfaces, to discover the latest developments, to provide an opportunity for cross-pollination of ideas, and to highlight areas which are in astate of rapid development and those which need intensified efforts. If the comments from attendees is any barometer of the success of an event, then this Symposium was a grand success and the above objectives were amply fulfilled.

Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites

Author: Klaus Friedrich
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444597113
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Providing a useful summary of current knowledge on the friction and wear properties of composite materials, this book fills the gap between publications on fundamental principles of tribology and those on the friction and wear behavior of metals and polymers. Detailed coverage is given of: the fundamental aspects of tribology in general and polymer composites in particular; the effects of the microstructure of composites on friction and wear behavior under different external loading conditions; and the problem of the control of friction and wear behavior in practical situations. Although emphasis is on polymer composites associated with bearing-type applications, part of the book is also devoted to the friction and wear of metal-based composites and rubber compounds. The data are represented in the form of 277 figures, diagrams and photographs, and 68 tables. The author index covers more than 670 references, and the subject index more than 1,000 keywords. The book will be of particular interest to: those involved in research on some aspects of polymer composites tribology (material scientists, physical chemists, mechanical engineers); those wishing to learn more methods for solving practical friction or wear problems (designers, engineers and technologists in industries, dealing with selection, reprocessing and application of polymer engineering materials); and teachers and students at universities.