This special volume provides a broad overview and insight in the way numerical methods are being used to solve the wide variety of problems in the electronics industry. Furthermore its aim is to give researchers from other fields of application the opportunity to benefit from the results wich have been obtained in the electronics industry. * Complete survey of numerical methods used in the electronic industry * Each chapter is selfcontained * Presents state-of-the-art applications and methods * Internationally recognised authors
Author: Peter Benner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-03-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Simulation based on mathematical models plays a major role in computer aided design of integrated circuits (ICs). Decreasing structure sizes, increasing packing densities and driving frequencies require the use of refined mathematical models, and to take into account secondary, parasitic effects. This leads to very high dimensional problems which nowadays require simulation times too large for the short time-to-market demands in industry. Modern Model Order Reduction (MOR) techniques present a way out of this dilemma in providing surrogate models which keep the main characteristics of the device while requiring a significantly lower simulation time than the full model. With Model Reduction for Circuit Simulation we survey the state of the art in the challenging research field of MOR for ICs, and also address its future research directions. Special emphasis is taken on aspects stemming from miniturisations to the nano scale. Contributions cover complexity reduction using e.g., balanced truncation, Krylov-techniques or POD approaches. For semiconductor applications a focus is on generalising current techniques to differential-algebraic equations, on including design parameters, on preserving stability, and on including nonlinearity by means of piecewise linearisations along solution trajectories (TPWL) and interpolation techniques for nonlinear parts. Furthermore the influence of interconnects and power grids on the physical properties of the device is considered, and also top-down system design approaches in which detailed block descriptions are combined with behavioral models. Further topics consider MOR and the combination of approaches from optimisation and statistics, and the inclusion of PDE models with emphasis on MOR for the resulting partial differential algebraic systems. The methods which currently are being developed have also relevance in other application areas such as mechanical multibody systems, and systems arising in chemistry and to biology. The current number of books in the area of MOR for ICs is very limited, so that this volume helps to fill a gap in providing the state of the art material, and to stimulate further research in this area of MOR. Model Reduction for Circuit Simulation also reflects and documents the vivid interaction between three active research projects in this area, namely the EU-Marie Curie Action ToK project O-MOORE-NICE (members in Belgium, The Netherlands and Germany), the EU-Marie Curie Action RTN-project COMSON (members in The Netherlands, Italy, Germany, and Romania), and the German federal project System reduction in nano-electronics (SyreNe).
This book describes the computational challenges posed by the progression toward nanoscale electronic devices and increasingly short design cycles in the microelectronics industry, and proposes methods of model reduction which facilitate circuit and device simulation for specific tasks in the design cycle. The goal is to develop and compare methods for system reduction in the design of high dimensional nanoelectronic ICs, and to test these methods in the practice of semiconductor development. Six chapters describe the challenges for numerical simulation of nanoelectronic circuits and suggest model reduction methods for constituting equations. These include linear and nonlinear differential equations tailored to circuit equations and drift diffusion equations for semiconductor devices. The performance of these methods is illustrated with numerical experiments using real-world data. Readers will benefit from an up-to-date overview of the latest model reduction methods in computational nanoelectronics.
Author: Michael Hinze
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-10-16
Solving optimization problems subject to constraints given in terms of partial d- ferential equations (PDEs) with additional constraints on the controls and/or states is one of the most challenging problems in the context of industrial, medical and economical applications, where the transition from model-based numerical si- lations to model-based design and optimal control is crucial. For the treatment of such optimization problems the interaction of optimization techniques and num- ical simulation plays a central role. After proper discretization, the number of op- 3 10 timization variables varies between 10 and 10 . It is only very recently that the enormous advances in computing power have made it possible to attack problems of this size. However, in order to accomplish this task it is crucial to utilize and f- ther explore the speci?c mathematical structure of optimization problems with PDE constraints, and to develop new mathematical approaches concerning mathematical analysis, structure exploiting algorithms, and discretization, with a special focus on prototype applications. The present book provides a modern introduction to the rapidly developing ma- ematical ?eld of optimization with PDE constraints. The ?rst chapter introduces to the analytical background and optimality theory for optimization problems with PDEs. Optimization problems with PDE-constraints are posed in in?nite dim- sional spaces. Therefore, functional analytic techniques, function space theory, as well as existence- and uniqueness results for the underlying PDE are essential to study the existence of optimal solutions and to derive optimality conditions.
Non-Newtonian flows and their numerical simulations have generated an abundant literature, as well as many publications and references to which can be found in this volume’s articles. This abundance of publications can be explained by the fact that non-Newtonian fluids occur in many real life situations: the food industry, oil & gas industry, chemical, civil and mechanical engineering, the bio-Sciences, to name just a few. Mathematical and numerical analysis of non-Newtonian fluid flow models provide challenging problems to partial differential equations specialists and applied computational mathematicians alike. This volume offers investigations. Results and conclusions that will no doubt be useful to engineers and computational and applied mathematicians who are focused on various aspects of non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics. New review of well-known computational methods for the simulation viscoelastic and viscoplastic types.; Discusses new numerical methods that have proven to be more efficient and more accurate than traditional methods.; Articles that discuss the numerical simulation of particulate flow for viscoelastic fluids.;
Achieve optimal microwave system performance by mastering the principles and methods underlying today's powerful computational tools and commercial software in electromagnetics. This authoritative resource offers you clear and complete explanation of this essential electromagnetics knowledge, providing you with the analytical background you need to understand such key approaches as MoM (method of moments), FDTD (Finite Difference Time Domain) and FEM (Finite Element Method), and Green's functions. This comprehensive book includes all math necessary to master the material. Moreover, it features numerous solved problems that help ensure your understanding of key concepts throughout the book.
Author: Eikichi Yamashita
Publisher: Artech House on Demand
Release Date: 1990-01-01
Instructs advanced and important analysis methods which are frequently used for researchers, engineers and students who work on applications of electromagnetic waves to microwave devices and antennas. The book also includes various numerical techniques.
Author: John Volakis
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2018-11-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The gold-standard reference on the design and application of classic and modern antennas—fully updated to reflect the latest advances and technologies This new edition of the “bible of antenna engineering” has been updated to provide start-to-finish coverage of the latest innovations in antenna design and application. You will find in-depth discussion of antennas used in modern communication systems, mobile and personal wireless technologies, satellites, radar deployments, flexible electronics, and other emerging technologies, including 5G, terahertz, and wearable electronics. Antenna Engineering Handbook, Fifth Edition, is bolstered by real-world examples, hundreds of illustrations, and an emphasis on the practical aspects of antennas. Featuring 60 chapters and contributions from more than 80 renowned experts, this acclaimed resource is edited by one of the world’s leading antenna authorities. This edition features all of the classic antenna types, plus new and emerging designs, with 13 all-new chapters and important updates to nearly all chapters from past editions. Antenna Engineering Handbook, Fifth Edition, clearly explains cutting-edge applications in WLANs, automotive systems, PDAs, and handheld devices, making it an indispensable companion for today’s antenna practitioners and developers. Coverage includes: •Antenna basics and classic antennas•Design approaches for antennas and arrays•Wideband and multiband antennas•Antennas for mobile devices and PDAs, automotive applications, and aircraft•Base station and smart antennas•Beamforming and 5G antennas•Millimeter-wave and terahertz antennas•Flexible, wearable, thin film, origami, dielectric, and on-chip antennas•MIMO antennas and phased arrays•Direction-finding and GPS antennas•Active antennas•Low-profile wideband antennas•Nanoantennas•Reflectors and other satellite and radio-telescope antennas•Low-frequency, HF, VHF, UHF, ECM, and ESM antennas•Impedance-matching techniques and material characteristics•Metastructured and frequency selective surfaces•Propagation and guided structures•Computational techniques and toolsets•Indoor and outdoor measurements
Author: M. V. K. Chari
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2000
Electromagnetics is the foundation of our electric technology. It describes the fundamental principles upon which electricity is generated and used. This includes electric machines, high voltage transmission, telecommunication, radar, and recording and digital computing. This book will serve both as an introductory text for graduate students and as a reference book for professional engineers and researchers. This book leads the uninitiated into the realm of numerical methods for solving electromagnetic field problems by examples and illustrations. Detailed descriptions of advanced techniques are also included for the benefit of working engineers and research students. * Comprehensive descriptions of numerical methods * In-depth introduction to finite differences, finite elements, and integral equations * Illustrations and applications of linear and nonlinear solutions for multi-dimensional analysis * Numerical examples to facilitate understanding of the methods * Appendices for quick reference of mathematical and numerical methods employed