Museums have been active in shaping knowledge over the last six hundred years. Yet what is their function within today's society? At the present time, when funding is becoming increasingly scarce, difficult questions are being asked about the justification of museums. Museums and the Shaping of Knowledge presents a critical survey of major changes in current assumptions about the nature of museums. Through the examination of case studies, Eilean Hooper-Greenhill reveals a variety of different roles for museums in the production and shaping of knowledge. Today, museums are once again organising their spaces and collections to present themselves as environments for experimental and self-directed learning.
Museums are at a critical moment in their history. In order to ensure survival into the next century, museums and galleries must demonstrate their social relevance and use. This means developing their public service functions through becoming more knowledgeable about the needs of their visitors and more adept at providing enjoyable and worthwhile experiences. Museums and Their Visitors aims to help museums and galleries in this crucial task. It examines the ways in which museums need to develop their communicative functions and, with examples of case-studies, explains how to achieve best practice. The special needs of a number of target audiences including schools, families and people with disabilities are outlined and illustrated by examples of exhibition, education and marketing policies. The book looks in detail at the power of objects to inspire and stimulate and analyses the use of language in museums and galleries. This is the first book to be written to guide museum and gallery staff in the development of provision for their visitors. It will be of interest to students of museum, heritage and leisure and tourism studies, as well as to international museum professionals.
Grounded in the solid strengths of its first edition, this updated and revised second edition, collates recent and important articles that address the relationships of museums and galleries to their audiences. The Educational Role of the Museumhas been entirely restructured and new papers have been added which make this an up-to-date presentation of front-running theory and practice. Covering broad themes relevant to providing for all museum visitors, and also focusing specifically on educational groups, the book is set in four sections which sequentially: chart the development of museum communication relate constructivist learning theory to specific audiences with different learning needs apply this learning theory to the development of museum exhibitions pose questions about the way museums conceptualize audiences. For any student of museum studies, and for professionals too, this book fuses theory with practice in a way that can only serve to enhance their knowledge of the field.
Author: James Cuno
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2010-10-18
Whether antiquities should be returned to the countries where they were found is one of the most urgent and controversial issues in the art world today, and it has pitted museums, private collectors, and dealers against source countries, archaeologists, and academics. Maintaining that the acquisition of undocumented antiquities by museums encourages the looting of archaeological sites, countries such as Italy, Greece, Egypt, Turkey, and China have claimed ancient artifacts as state property, called for their return from museums around the world, and passed laws against their future export. But in Who Owns Antiquity?, one of the world's leading museum directors vigorously challenges this nationalistic position, arguing that it is damaging and often disingenuous. "Antiquities," James Cuno argues, "are the cultural property of all humankind," "evidence of the world's ancient past and not that of a particular modern nation. They comprise antiquity, and antiquity knows no borders." Cuno argues that nationalistic retention and reclamation policies impede common access to this common heritage and encourage a dubious and dangerous politicization of antiquities--and of culture itself. Antiquities need to be protected from looting but also from nationalistic identity politics. To do this, Cuno calls for measures to broaden rather than restrict international access to antiquities. He advocates restoration of the system under which source countries would share newly discovered artifacts in exchange for archaeological help, and he argues that museums should again be allowed reasonable ways to acquire undocumented antiquities. Cuno explains how partage broadened access to our ancient heritage and helped create national museums in Cairo, Baghdad, and Kabul. The first extended defense of the side of museums in the struggle over antiquities, Who Owns Antiquity? is sure to be as important as it is controversial. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
This book traces the relationship between the museum and the micro-cultures of the countryside over the last 50 years. The period is one of extraordinary tensions and change for the countryside, as it has experienced widespread agricultural mechanisation, rural depopulation and changing demographics, the growth of environmental activism, and the development of the heritage industry. Global issues such as the political and social imperatives to tackle population growth and climate change have led to an increasing sense of a distributed responsibility for the world�s welfare with strong local implications. Through all of this, the countryside is ever more under pressure, and of increasing importance as a healthy provider of more and more resources. How are these competing histories, visions and politics represented by the museum, and throughout the wider world of arts organisations and the heritage? To what extent can a response to a locality, as reflected in programmes of such bodies, be accompanied by responsibility for it? Is there room for the arts and the museum to engage actively not only in reflecting cultures but in shaping them? What are the opportunities for the import of creative and lateral thinking from different cultures, bringing new visions and means of understanding, and how is this happening? This book outlines some museum and artistic projects and enterprises that are attempting to introduce new ways of investigating, learning and creating cultures through engagement between localities, objects and people. At the core of the book is a description and analysis of findings from an East Anglian project, 'The Culture of the Countryside', which explored methods for starting with world art as a means for new cultural understandings to be formed, and from which themes emerged that were closely bound to different countryside landscapes, peoples and heritage.
'The Curator's Egg' traces the growth of the museum concept from the opening of the Louvre to the current popularity of buildings by 'starchitects'. Encompassing curatorial, scholarly, political and cultural spheres, author Karsten Schubert addresses the concept of the museum from a variety of influences.
Author: Jennifer Newell
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2016-08-12
Curating the Future: Museums, Communities and Climate Change explores the way museums tackle the broad global issue of climate change. It explores the power of real objects and collections to stir hearts and minds, to engage communities affected by change. Museums work through exhibitions, events, and specific collection projects to reach different communities in different ways. The book emphasises the moral responsibilities of museums to address climate change, not just by communicating science but also by enabling people already affected by changes to find their own ways of living with global warming. There are museums of natural history, of art and of social history. The focus of this book is the museum communities, like those in the Pacific, who have to find new ways to express their culture in a new place. The book considers how collections in museums might help future generations stay in touch with their culture, even where they have left their place. It asks what should the people of the present be collecting for museums in a climate-changed future? The book is rich with practical museum experience and detailed projects, as well as critical and philosophical analyses about where a museum can intervene to speak to this great conundrum of our times. Curating the Future is essential reading for all those working in museums and grappling with how to talk about climate change. It also has academic applications in courses of museology and museum studies, cultural studies, heritage studies, digital humanities, design, anthropology, and environmental humanities.
Author: Bettina Messias Carbonell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-04-23
Retaining the multidisciplinary focus of the critically acclaimed first edition, the new edition of "Museum Studies: An Anthology of Contexts" presents a comprehensive collection of approaches to museums and their relation to history, culture, and philosophy. Striking a careful balance between contemporary analysis and historical documentation, the new edition features primary and secondary texts spanning the course of some two hundred years of museum history that reveal a wealth of insights into culture and society. Among the developments in twenty-first-century museum scholarship featured in this new edition are issues of inclusion and exclusion, repatriation, indigenous models of collection and display, museums in an age of globalization, visitor studies, and interactive technologies. A new section on relationships, interactions, and responsibilities focuses on the intersection of memory, history, ethics, and affect within the museum and beyond its walls. With its expansive nature and multidisciplinary approach, "Museum Studies" solidifies its reputation as the primary resource for this important academic discipline.
Author: Ian Yeoman
Release Date: 2007-08-22
Genre: Business & Economics
* Quality as a tool for success *Covers a diverse range of quality issues and theories in the context of heritage attractions * Well-respected international contributor team of academics and practitioners Heritage Tourism is the fastest growing component of the tourism market. Tourists have more choices than ever and their past experiences and future expectations make them even more discerning customers. A focus on quality can assist with customer satisfaction and business excellence. This new book on Quality issues brings together a range of specialists who lead us from the evolution of quality to our current position on the quality roadmap. It provides a toolkit to assist on the continuous quality improvement journey and presents a vision of what lies ahead in this new millennium. 'Quality Issues in Heritage Visitor Attractions' will prove an invaluable guide for students and practitioners in the field s of Heritage, Visitor Attractions and Tourism in general. Divided into six sections this text presents a different 'flavour' of quality by looking at aspects such as critical success factors for heritage organizations, methods of quality improvement, developing the concept and offering, quality tools for managers, managing the quality workforce and the future.
Author: Ivan Karp
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
Release Date: 2012-01-11
Debating the practices of museums, galleries, and festivals, Exhibiting Cultures probes the often politically charged relationships among aesthetics, contexts, and implicit assumptions that govern how art and artifacts are displayed and understood. The contributors—museum directors, curators, and scholars in art history, folklore, history, and anthropology—represent a variety of stances on the role of museums and their function as intermediaries between the makers of art or artifacts and the eventual viewers. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Author: Marilena Alivizatou
Publisher: Left Coast Press
Release Date: 2012-06-30
In this comparative, international study Marilena Alivizatou investigates the relationship between museums and the new concept of “intangible heritage.” She charts the rise of intangible heritage within the global sphere of UN cultural policy and explores its implications both in terms of international politics and with regard to museological practice and critical theory. Using a grounded ethnographic methodology, Alivizatou examines intangible heritage in the local complexities of museum and heritage work in Oceania, the Americas and Europe. This multi-sited, cross-cultural approach highlights key challenges currently faced by cultural institutions worldwide in understanding and presenting this form of heritage.
Author: Simon J. Knell
Release Date: 2007-09-12
This single-volume museum studies reference title explores the ways in which museums are shaped and configured and how they themselves attempt to shape and change the world around them. Written by a leading group of museum professionals and academics from around the world and including new research, the chapters reveal the diverse and subtle means by which museums engage and in so doing change and are changed. The authors span over 200 years discussing national museums, ecomuseums, society museums, provincial galleries, colonial museums, the showman’s museum, and science centres. Topics covered include: disciplinary practices, ethnic representation, postcolonial politics, economic aspiration, social reform, indigenous models, conceptions of history, urban regeneration, sustainability, sacred objects, a sense of place, globalization, identities, social responsibility, controversy, repatriation, human remains, drama, learning and education. Capturing the richness of the museum studies discipline, Museum Revolutions is the ideal text for museum studies courses, providing a wide range of interlinked themes and the latest thought and research from experts in the field. It is invaluable for those students and museum professionals who want to understand the past, present and future of the museum.
"Heritage's revival as a respected academic subject has, in part, resulted from an increased awareness and understanding of indigenous rights and non-Western philosophies and practices, and a growing respect for the intangible. Heritage has thus focused on management, tourism and the traditionally 'heritage-minded' disciplines, such as archaeology and geography, social and cultural theory. Scholarly work in this area has been in support of identity and community cohesion, as well as championing new approaches to ethics and values. Widening the scope of international heritage studies by drawing on a range of disciplines as well as the best from established sources, A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage explores heritage through new areas of knowledge including emotion and affect, the politics of dissent, migration and intercultural and participatory dimensions of heritage. It includes writing not typically recognised as 'heritage' but which, nevertheless, adds something significant to heritage debates: what heritage is, what it can do, how it works and for whom. The book includes heritage perspectives from beyond the professional sphere, serving as a reminder that heritage is not just the concern of the academic, but is a deeply felt and keenly valued public and private practice. This blending of traditional topics and emerging trends, established theory and concepts from other disciplines offers readers international views of the past and future of this growing field. A Museum Studies Approach to Heritage is an introductory reader for postgraduate students of heritage studies, museum studies and everyone interested in how we conceptualise and use the past"--
Author: Gill Hamilton
Publisher: Facet Publishing
Release Date: 2017-08-18
This practical and explanatory guide for library and cultural heritage professionals introduces and explains the use of open licences for content, data and metadata in libraries and other cultural heritage organisations. Using rich background information, international case studies and examples of best practice, this book outlines how and why open licences should and can be used with the sector’s content, data and metadata. Open Licensing for Cultural Heritage digs into the concept of ‘open’ in relation to intellectual property, providing context through the development of different fields, including open education, open source, open data, and open government. It explores the organisational benefits of open licensing and the open movement, including the importance of content discoverability, arguments for wider collections impact and access, the practical benefits of simplicity and scalability, and more ethical and principled arguments related to protection of public content and the public domain. Content covered includes: an accessible introduction to relevant concepts, themes, and names, including ‘Creative Commons’, ‘attribution’, model licences, and licence versions distinctions between content that has been openly licensed and content that is in the public domain and why professionals in the sector should be aware of these differences an exploration of the organisational benefits of open licensing and the open movement the benefits and risks associated with open licensing a range of practical case studies from organisations including Newcastle Libraries, the University of Edinburgh, Statens Museum for Kunst (the National Gallery of Denmark), and the British Library. This book will be useful reading for staff and policy makers across the gallery, library, archive and museum (GLAM) sector, who need a clear understanding of the open licensing environment, opportunities, risks and approaches to implementation. This includes library and information professionals, library and information services (LIS) professionals working specifically in the digital field (including digital curation, digitisation, digital production, resource discovery developers). It will also be of use to students of LIS Science, digital curation, digital humanities, archives and records management and museum studies.