Modernization and Postmodernization

Author: Ronald Inglehart
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069101180X
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Social Science

Once a society embarks on industrialization, a whole syndrome of related changes, from mass mobilization to dimishing differences in gender roles, usually appear. Postmodern values then bring even more societal changes, including democratic institutions and the decline of state socialist regimes. In support of these statements, this book draws on the World Values Surveys, a unique statistical database. 95 line illus. 30 tables.

Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society

Author: Ronald Inglehart
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691186740
Release Date: 2018-06-05
Genre: Social Science

Economic, technological, and sociopolitical changes have been transforming the cultures of advanced industrial societies in profoundly important ways during the past few decades. This ambitious work examines changes in religious beliefs, in motives for work, in the issues that give rise to political conflict, in the importance people attach to having children and families, and in attitudes toward divorce, abortion, and homosexuality. Ronald Inglehart's earlier book, The Silent Revolution (Princeton, 1977), broke new ground by discovering a major intergenerational shift in the values of the populations of advanced industrial societies. This new volume demonstrates that this value shift is part of a much broader process of cultural change that is gradually transforming political, economic, and social life in these societies. Inglehart uses a massive body of time-series survey data from twenty-six nations, gathered from 1970 through 1988, to analyze the cultural changes that are occurring as younger generations gradually replace older ones in the adult population. These changes have far-reaching political implications, and they seem to be transforming the economic growth rates of societies and the kind of economic development that is pursued.

Freedom Rising

Author: Christian Welzel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107656826
Release Date: 2013-12-23
Genre: Political Science

This book presents a comprehensive theory of why human freedom gave way to increasing oppression since the invention of states - and why this trend began to reverse itself more recently, leading to a rapid expansion of universal freedoms and democracy. Drawing on a massive body of evidence, the author tests various explanations of the rise of freedom, providing convincing support of a well-reasoned theory of emancipation. The study demonstrates multiple trends toward human empowerment, which converge to give people control over their lives. Most important among these trends is the spread of 'emancipative values', which emphasize free choice and equal opportunities. The author identifies the desire for emancipation as the origin of the human empowerment trend and shows when and why this desire grows strong; why it is the source of democracy; and how it vitalizes civil society, feeds humanitarian norms, enhances happiness, and helps redirect modern civilization toward sustainable development.

Sociologists Economists and Democracy

Author: Brian Barry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226038246
Release Date: 1988-09-15
Genre: Social Science

"Rationalist theories of political behavior have recently risen in status to that of a new—or, more accurately, rediscovered—paradigm in the systematic study of politics. Brian Barry's short, provocative book played no small part in the debate that precipitated this shift. . . . Without reservation, Barry's treatise is the most lucid and most influential critique of two important, competing perspectives in political analysis: the 'sociological' school of Talcott Parsons, Gabriel Almond, and other so-called functionalists; and the 'economic' school of Anthony Downs and Mancur Olson, among others."—Dennis J. Encarnation, American Journal of Sociology

New Ideas on Development after the Financial Crisis

Author: Nancy Birdsall
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9781421402567
Release Date: 2011-05-01
Genre: Business & Economics

Heller, Johns Hopkins University; Yasheng Huang, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Justin Yifu Lin, World Bank; José Antonio Ocampo, Columbia University; Mitchell A. Orenstein, Johns Hopkins University; Minxin Pei, Claremont McKenna College; Lant Pritchett, Harvard University; Liliana Rojas-Suarez, Center for Global Development; Arvid Subramanian, Johns Hopkins University

Patterns of Democracy

Author: Arend Lijphart
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300172027
Release Date: 2012-09-11
Genre: Political Science

In this updated and expanded edition of his classic text, Arend Lijphart offers a broader and deeper analysis of worldwide democratic institutions than ever before. Examining thirty-six democracies during the period from 1945 to 2010, Lijphart arrives at important—and unexpected—conclusions about what type of democracy works best. Praise for the previous edition: "Magnificent. . . . The best-researched book on democracy in the world today."—Malcolm Mackerras, American Review of Politics "I can't think of another scholar as well qualified as Lijphart to write a book of this kind. He has an amazing grasp of the relevant literature, and he's compiled an unmatched collection of data."—Robert A. Dahl, Yale University "This sound comparative research . . . will continue to be a standard in graduate and undergraduate courses in comparative politics."—Choice

Democratization 2e

Author: Christian Welzel
Publisher:
ISBN: 0198732287
Release Date: 2018-11
Genre:

Democratization is the most comprehensive volume on this critical field of contemporary politics, with insightful coverage of all the key theories, actors, dynamics, and developments. Unrivalled in its up-to-date empirical material and range of expert contributors, this text is an invaluable resource to all students of democratization.

In Pursuit of Liberalism

Author: Rachel A. Epstein
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801889776
Release Date: 2008-08-28
Genre: Political Science

Though the fall of the Soviet Union opened the way for states in central and eastern Europe to join the world of market-oriented Western democracies, the expected transitions have not been as easy, common, or smooth as sometimes perceived. Rachel A. Epstein investigates how liberal ideas and practices are embedded in transitioning societies and finds that success or failure depends largely on creating a social context in which incentives held out by international institutions are viewed as symbols of an emerging Western identity in the affected country. Epstein first explains how a liberal worldview and institutions like the European Union, World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization go hand-in-hand and why Western nations assume that a broad and incremental program of incentives to join will encourage formerly authoritarian states to reform their political and economic systems. Using Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Ukraine as case studies, she demonstrates the limits of conditionality in the face of national social perceptions and elucidates the three key points around which a consensus within the state must emerge before international institutions can expect liberalization: domestic officials must be uncertain about how changing policies will affect their interests; the status of international and domestic institutions must not be in jeopardy; and the proposed polices must seem credible. In making her case, Epstein cleverly bridges the gap between the rationalist and constructivist schools of thought. Offering new data on and fresh interpretations of reforming central bank policies, privatizing banks with foreign capital, democratizing civil-military relations, and denationalizing defense policy, In Pursuit of Liberalism extends well beyond the scope of previous book-length studies.

Myth of the Social Volcano

Author: Martin Whyte
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804769419
Release Date: 2010-02-24
Genre: Social Science

This book reports the results of the first systematic nationwide survey in China of the attitudes that ordinary Chinese citizens have toward increased inequalities generated by the market reform program launched in 1978.