Materials Characterization

Author: Naryanaswami (Mohan) Ranganathan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814613071
Release Date: 2016-01-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book, which is a result of a coordinated effort by 22 researchers from five different countries, addresses the methods of determining the local and global mechanical properties of a variety of materials: metals, plastics, rubber, and ceramics. The first chapter treats nanoindentation techniques comprehensively. Chapter 2 concerns polymer surface properties using nanoindentation techniques. Chapter 3 deals with the wear properties of dental composites. Chapter 4 compares the global and local properties of a lead-free solder. Chapter 5 discusses the methods of determining plastic zones at the crack tip. Fatigue resistance of a synthetic polymer under different loading conditions is dealt with in Chapter 6. Chapter 7 is a review of the methods used to measure fatigue crack growth resistance. Chapter 8 treats bulk and surface properties of coated materials, and the final chapter presents a method for determining elastic constants using a resonance technique. All in all, its depth of coverage makes it a must-have for research scholars, graduate students, and teachers.

Materials Characterization Techniques

Author: Sam Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420042955
Release Date: 2008-12-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Experts must be able to analyze and distinguish all materials, or combinations of materials, in use today—whether they be metals, ceramics, polymers, semiconductors, or composites. To understand a material’s structure, how that structure determines its properties, and how that material will subsequently work in technological applications, researchers apply basic principles of chemistry, physics, and biology to address its scientific fundamentals, as well as how it is processed and engineered for use. Emphasizing practical applications and real-world case studies, Materials Characterization Techniques presents the principles of widely used, advanced surface and structural characterization techniques for quality assurance, contamination control, and process improvement. This useful volume: Explores scientific processes to characterize materials using modern technologies Provides analysis of materials’ performance under specific use conditions Focuses on the interrelationships and interdependence between processing, structure, properties, and performance Details the sophisticated instruments involved in an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the wide range of mutually interacting processes, mechanisms, and materials Covers electron, X-ray-photoelectron, and UV spectroscopy; scanning-electron, atomic-force, transmission-electron, and laser-confocal-scanning-florescent microscopy, and gel electrophoresis chromatography Presents the fundamentals of vacuum, as well as X-ray diffraction principles Explaining appropriate uses and related technical requirements for characterization techniques, the authors omit lengthy and often intimidating derivations and formulations. Instead, they emphasize useful basic principles and applications of modern technologies used to characterize engineering materials, helping readers grasp micro- and nanoscale properties. This text will serve as a valuable guide for scientists and engineers involved in characterization and also as a powerful introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Computational Methods and Experiments in Materials Characterization III

Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 9781845640804
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Until recently, engineering materials could be characterized successfully using relatively simple testing procedures. As materials technology advances, interest is growing in materials possessing complex meso-, micro- and nano-structures, which to a large extent determine their physical properties and behaviour. The purposes of materials modelling are many: optimization, investigation of failure, simulation of production processes, to name but a few. Modelling and characterisation are closely intertwined, increasingly so as the complexity of the material increases. Characterisation, in essence, is the connection between the abstract material model and the real-world behaviour of the material in question. Characterisation of complex materials therefore may require a combination of experimental techniques and computation. This book publishes papers presented at the Third International Conference on Computational Methods and Experiments in Material Characterisation.Topics covered include: Composites; Ceramics; Alloys; Cements and Cement Based Materials; Biomaterials; Thin Films and Coatings; Advanced Materials; Imaging Analysis; Thermal Analysis; New Methods; Surface Chemistry, Nano Indentation; Continuum Methods; Particle Models; Damage Mechanics; Innovative Techniques; Stochastic Methods.

X ray Characterization of Materials

Author: Eric Lifshin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527613755
Release Date: 2008-07-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Linking of materials properties with microstructures is a fundamental theme in materials science, for which a detailed knowledge of the modern characterization techniques is essential. Since modern materials such as high-temperature alloys, engineering thermoplastics and multilayer semiconductor films have many elemental constituents distributed in more than one phase, characterization is essential to the systematic development of such new materials and understanding how they behave in practical applications. X-ray techniques play a major role in providing information on the elemental composition and crystal and grain structures of all types of materials. The challenge to the materials characterization expert is to understand how specific instruments and analytical techniques can provide detailed information about what makes each material unique. The challenge to the materials scientist, chemist, or engineer is to know what information is needed to fully characterize each material and how to use this information to explain its behavior, develop new and improved properties, reduce costs, or ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. This comprehensive handbook presents all the necessary background to understand the applications of X-ray analysis to materials characterization with particular attention to the modern approach to these methods.

Materials Characterization

Author: Ramiro Pérez Campos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319152042
Release Date: 2015-04-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book covers novel research results for process and techniques of materials characterization for a wide range of materials. The authors provide a comprehensive overview of the aspects of structural and chemical characterization of these materials. The articles contained in this book covers state of the art and experimental techniques commonly used in modern materials characterization. The book includes theoretical models and numerous illustrations of structural and chemical characterization properties.

Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization

Author: R.W. Cahn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483287515
Release Date: 2016-01-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

To use materials effectively, their composition, degree of perfection, physical and mechanical characteristics, and microstructure must be accurately determined. This concise encyclopledia covers the wide range of characterization techniques necessary to achieve this. Articles included are not only concerned with the characterization techniques of specific materials such as polymers, metals, ceramics and semiconductors but also techniques which can be applied to materials in general. The techniques described cover bulk methods, and also a number of specific methods to study the topography and composition of surface and near-surface regions. These techniques range from the well-established and traditional to the very latest including: atomic force microscopy; confocal optical microscopy; gamma ray diffractometry; thermal wave imaging; x-ray diffraction and time-resolved techniques. This unique concise encyclopedia comprises 116 articles by leading experts in the field from around the world to create the ideal guide for materials scientists, chemists and engineers involved with any aspect of materials characterization. With over 540 illustrations, extensive cross-referencing, approximately 900 references, and a detailed index, this concise encyclopedia will be a valuable asset to any materials science collection.

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

Author: John P. Sibilia
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471186333
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Science

This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing. Over 100 materials methodologies, evaluations, chemical analyses, physical testing, and scientific computing techniques are covered, including the fields of molecular spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, chromatography, chemical analysis, x-ray analysis, microscopy, surface science, thermal analysis, and polymer characterization. All of the.

Characterization of Minerals Metals and Materials 2017

Author: Shadia Ikhmayies
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319513829
Release Date: 2017-02-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This collection gives broad and up-to-date results in the research and development of materials characterization and processing. Coverage is well-rounded from minerals, metals, and materials characterization and developments in extraction to the fabrication and performance of materials. In addition, topics as varied as structural steels to electronic materials to plant-based composites are explored. The latest research presented in this wide area make this book both timely and relevant to the materials science field as a whole. The book explores scientific processes to characterize materials using modern technologies, and focuses on the interrelationships and interdependence among processing, structure, properties, and performance of materials. Topics covered include ferrous materials, non-ferrous materials, minerals, ceramics, clays, soft materials, method development, processing, corrosion, welding, solidification, composites, extraction, powders, nanomaterials, advanced materials, and several others.

Properties and Characterization of Modern Materials

Author: Andreas Öchsner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811016028
Release Date: 2016-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book focuses on robust characterization and prediction methods for materials in technical applications as well as the materials’ safety features during operation. In particular, it presents methods for reliably predicting material properties, an aspect that is becoming increasingly important as engineering materials are pushed closer and closer to their limits to boost the performance of machines and structures. To increase their engineering value, components are now designed under the consideration of their multiphysical properties and functions, which requires much more intensive investigation and characterization of these materials. The materials covered in this monograph range from metal-based groups such as lightweight alloys, to advanced high-strength steels and modern titanium alloys. Furthermore, a wide range of polymers and composite materials (e.g. with micro- and nanoparticles or fibres) is covered. The book explores methods for property prediction from classical mechanical characterization-related fields of application, for example, from wear, creep, fatigue and crack growth, to specific surface properties, to dielectric and electrochemical values. As in all fields of modern engineering, the process is often accompanied by numerical simulation and optimization.

Modern Methods for Analysing Archaeological and Historical Glass

Author: Koen H. A. Janssens
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118314203
Release Date: 2013-01-29
Genre: Science

The first scientific volume to compile the modern analytical techniques for glass analysis, Modern Methods for Analysing Archaeological and Historical Glass presents an up-to-date description of the physico-chemical methods suitable for determining the composition of glass and for speciation of specific components. This unique resource presents members of Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre, as well as university scholars, with a number of case studies where the effective use of one or more of these methods for elucidating a particular culturo-historical or historo-technical aspect of glass manufacturing technology is documented.

Nondestructive Characterization of Materials XI

Author: B. Boro Djordjevic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540401547
Release Date: 2003-06-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The papers published in these proceedings represent the latest developments in Nondestructive Characterization of Materials and were presented at the Eleventh International Symposium on Nondestructive Characterization of Materials held in June 24-28, 2002 in Berlin, Germany.

Modern Materials

Author: Bruce W. Gonser
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483221588
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Modern Materials: Advances in Development and Applications, Volume 6 is a six-chapter text that provides comprehensive insight into the properties, applications, progress, and potentialities of various materials. The opening chapter deals with the characteristics, preparation, marketing, economics, and uses of radiation-processed wood-plastic materials. The succeeding chapters are devoted to the technological applications of materials, such as precious stones, solid propellants, and superconductors. A chapter surveys the engineering advances and technical used of glass materials. The concluding chapter discusses the occurrence, recovery, fabrication, unique properties, and applications of beryllium. Materials scientists, engineers, researchers, teachers, and students will find this book rewarding.

Characterization of Composite Materials

Author: Hatsuo Ishida
Publisher: Momentum Press
ISBN: 9781606501931
Release Date: 2010-03-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Composite materials make their way into all aspects of modern technological society, but particularly so for applications requiring great strength and light weight such as in the aerospace industry. Because they are hybrid heterogeneous materials, they can be difficult to characterize with any one single methodology. This volume in the Materials Characterization Series will guide engineers and technicians on which methods work best and what to look for when reading results, be they from X-Ray diffraction, or Nuclear Magnetic Imaging. Readers will find: -- Major types of characterization techniques that work best for composite materials, including X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, NMR Imaging and more -- Advanced characterization methods using Scanning Probe Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy -- Concise summaries of all major characterization technologies for composite materials.

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Author: Peter Staron
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527684502
Release Date: 2017-01-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Retaining its proven concept, the second edition of this ready reference specifically addresses the need of materials engineers for reliable, detailed information on modern material characterization methods. As such, it provides a systematic overview of the increasingly important field of characterization of engineering materials with the help of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. The first part introduces readers to the fundamentals of structure-property relationships in materials and the radiation sources suitable for materials characterization. The second part then focuses on such characterization techniques as diffraction and scattering methods, as well as direct imaging and tomography. The third part presents new and emerging methods of materials characterization in the field of 3D characterization techniques like three-dimensional X-ray diffraction microscopy. The fourth and final part is a collection of examples that demonstrate the application of the methods introduced in the first parts to problems in materials science. With thoroughly revised and updated chapters and now containing about 20% new material, this is the must-have, in-depth resource on this highly relevant topic.

Characterization Techniques of Glasses and Ceramics

Author: Jesus Ma. Rincon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662038710
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Science

This monograph stems from lectures given during the summer course at the University of La Laguna. It includes the main characterization techniques useful nowadays for ceramics, glasses and glass-ceramics, reviews the new microscopes for characterizing materials, and gives an overview of inorganic materials such as zeolites.