Lasers for Medical Applications

Author: Helena Jelínková
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857097545
Release Date: 2013-09-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Lasers have a wide and growing range of applications in medicine. Lasers for Medical Applications summarises the wealth of recent research on the principles, technologies and application of lasers in diagnostics, therapy and surgery. Part one gives an overview of the use of lasers in medicine, key principles of lasers and radiation interactions with tissue. To understand the wide diversity and therefore the large possible choice of these devices for a specific diagnosis or treatment, the respective types of the laser (solid state, gas, dye, and semiconductor) are reviewed in part two. Part three describes diagnostic laser methods, for example optical coherence tomography, spectroscopy, optical biopsy, and time-resolved fluorescence polarization spectroscopy. Those methods help doctors to refine the scope of involvement of the particular body part or, for example, to specify the extent of a tumor. Part four concentrates on the therapeutic applications of laser radiation in particular branches of medicine, including ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, urology, gynecology, otorhinolaryngology (ORL), neurology, dentistry, orthopaedic surgery and cancer therapy, as well as laser coatings of implants. The final chapter includes the safety precautions with which the staff working with laser instruments must be familiar. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this important book summarizes international achievements in the field of laser applications in medicine in the past 50 years. It provides a valuable contribution to laser medicine by outstanding experts in medicine and engineering. Describes the interaction of laser light with tissue Reviews every type of laser used in medicine: solid state, gas, dye and semiconductor Describes the use of lasers for diagnostics

Handbook of Solid State Lasers

Author: B Denker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857097507
Release Date: 2013-02-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Solid-state lasers which offer multiple desirable qualities, including enhanced reliability, robustness, efficiency and wavelength diversity, are absolutely indispensable for many applications. The Handbook of solid-state lasers reviews the key materials, processes and applications of solid-state lasers across a wide range of fields. Part one begins by reviewing solid-state laser materials. Fluoride laser crystals, oxide laser ceramics, crystals and fluoride laser ceramics doped by rare earth and transition metal ions are discussed alongside neodymium, erbium and ytterbium laser glasses, and nonlinear crystals for solid-state lasers. Part two then goes on to explore solid-state laser systems and their applications, beginning with a discussion of the principles, powering and operation regimes for solid-state lasers. The use of neodymium-doped materials is considered, followed by system sizing issues with diode-pumped quasi-three level materials, erbium glass lasers, and microchip, fiber, Raman and cryogenic lasers. Laser mid-infrared systems, laser induced breakdown spectroscope and the clinical applications of surgical solid-state lasers are also explored. The use of solid-state lasers in defense programs is then reviewed, before the book concludes by presenting some environmental applications of solid-state lasers. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, the Handbook of solid-state lasers is an authoritative guide for all those involved in the design and application of this technology, including laser and materials scientists and engineers, medical and military professionals, environmental researchers, and academics working in this field. Reviews the materials used in solid-state lasers Explores the principles of solid-state laser systems and their applications Considers defence and environmental applications

Semiconductor Lasers

Author: Alexei Baranov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857096401
Release Date: 2013-04-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Semiconductor lasers have important applications in numerous fields, including engineering, biology, chemistry and medicine. They form the backbone of the optical telecommunications infrastructure supporting the internet, and are used in information storage devices, bar-code scanners, laser printers and many other everyday products. Semiconductor lasers: Fundamentals and applications is a comprehensive review of this vital technology. Part one introduces the fundamentals of semiconductor lasers, beginning with key principles before going on to discuss photonic crystal lasers, high power semiconductor lasers and laser beams, and the use of semiconductor lasers in ultrafast pulse generation. Part two then reviews applications of visible and near-infrared emitting lasers. Nonpolar and semipolar GaN-based lasers, advanced self-assembled InAs quantum dot lasers and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers are all considered, in addition to semiconductor disk and hybrid silicon lasers. Finally, applications of mid- and far-infrared emitting lasers are the focus of part three. Topics covered include GaSb-based type I quantum well diode lasers, interband cascade and terahertz quantum cascade lasers, whispering gallery mode lasers and tunable mid-infrared laser absorption spectroscopy. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Semiconductor lasers is a valuable guide for all those involved in the design, operation and application of these important lasers, including laser and telecommunications engineers, scientists working in biology and chemistry, medical practitioners, and academics working in this field. Provides a comprehensive review of semiconductor lasers and their applications in engineering, biology, chemistry and medicine Discusses photonic crystal lasers, high power semiconductor lasers and laser beams, and the use of semiconductor lasers in ultrafast pulse generation Reviews applications of visible and near-infrared emitting lasers and mid- and far-infrared emitting lasers

Ultrasonic Transducers

Author: K Nakamura
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857096302
Release Date: 2012-08-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Ultrasonic transducers are key components in sensors for distance, flow and level measurement as well as in power, biomedical and other applications of ultrasound. Ultrasonic transducers reviews recent research in the design and application of this important technology. Part one provides an overview of materials and design of ultrasonic transducers. Piezoelectricity and basic configurations are explored in depth, along with electromagnetic acoustic transducers, and the use of ceramics, thin film and single crystals in ultrasonic transducers. Part two goes on to investigate modelling and characterisation, with performance modelling, electrical evaluation, laser Doppler vibrometry and optical visualisation all considered in detail. Applications of ultrasonic transducers are the focus of part three, beginning with a review of surface acoustic wave devices and air-borne ultrasound transducers, and going on to consider ultrasonic transducers for use at high temperature and in flaw detection systems, power, biomedical and micro-scale ultrasonics, therapeutic ultrasound devices, piezoelectric and fibre optic hydrophones, and ultrasonic motors are also described. With its distinguished editor and expert team of international contributors,Ultrasonic transducers is an authoritative review of key developments for engineers and materials scientists involved in this area of technology as well as in its applications in sectors as diverse as electronics, wireless communication and medical diagnostics. Reviews recent research in the design and application of ultrasonic transducers Provides an overview of the materials and design of ultrasonic transducers, with an in-depth exploration of piezoelectricity and basic configurations Investigates modelling and characterisation, applications of ultrasonic transducers, and ultrasonic transducers for use at high temperature and in flaw detection systems

Laser Growth and Processing of Photonic Devices

Author: Nikolaos A Vainos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857096227
Release Date: 2012-07-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The use of lasers in the processing of electronic and photonic material is becoming increasingly widespread, with technological advances reducing costs and increasing both the quality and range of novel devices which can be produced. Laser growth and processing of photonic devices is the first book to review this increasingly important field. Part one investigates laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures, with pulsed laser deposition techniques, the formation of nanocones and the fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures explored in detail. Laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring are the focus of part two. Exploration of multiphoton lithography, processing and fabrication is followed by consideration of laser-based micro- and nano-fabrication, laser-induced soft matter organization and microstructuring, and laser-assisted polymer joining methods. The book concludes in part three with an investigation into laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices. Laser seeding and thermal processing of glass with nanoscale resolution, laser-induced refractive index manipulation, and the thermal writing of photonic devices in glass and polymers are all considered. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Laser growth and processing of photonic devices is an essential tool for all materials scientists, engineers and researchers in the microelectronics industry. The first book to review the increasingly important field of laser growth and processing of photonic devices Investigates laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures, pulsed laser deposition techniques, the formation of nanocones and the fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures Examines laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring and concludes with an investigation into laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices

Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Author: V Tewary
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781782422358
Release Date: 2015-03-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Laser Cooling of Solids

Author: S V Petrushkin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781845696832
Release Date: 2009-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Laser cooling is an important emerging technology in such areas as the cooling of semiconductors. The book examines and suggests solutions for a range of problems in the development of miniature solid-state laser refrigerators, self-cooling solid-state lasers and optical echo-processors. It begins by looking at the basic theory of laser cooling before considering such topics as self-cooling of active elements of solid-state lasers, laser cooling of solid-state information media of optical echo-processors, and problems of cooling solid-state quantum processors. Laser Cooling of Solids is an important contribution to the development of compact laser-powered cryogenic refrigerators, both for the academic community and those in the microelectronics and other industries. Provides a timely review of this promising field of research and discusses the fundamentals and theory of laser cooling Particular attention is given to the physics of cooling processes and the mathematical description of these processes Reviews previous experimental investigations in laser cooling and presents progress towards key potential applications

Fundamentals of Femtosecond Optics

Author: S A Kozlov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781782421290
Release Date: 2013-05-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Femtosecond optics involves the study of ultra-short pulses of light. Understanding the behaviour of these light pulses makes it possible to develop ultra-fast lasers with a wide range of applications in such areas as medical imaging, chemical analysis and micro-machining. Written by two leading experts in the field, this book reviews the theory of the interaction of femtosecond light pulses with matter, femtosecond lasers and laser systems, and the principles of femtosecond coherent spectroscopy of impurity amorphous media. reviews the theory of the interaction of femtosecond light pulses with matter Discusses femtosecond lasers and laser systems Considers the principles of femtosecond coherent spectroscopy of impurity amorphous media

Werkstoffe 2 Metalle Keramiken und Gl ser Kunststoffe und Verbundwerkstoffe

Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 3827417090
Release Date: 2006-09-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Kurzweilig geschrieben, didaktisch überzeugend sowie fachlich umfassend und hochkompetent: Diesen Qualitäten verdanken die beiden Bände des Ashby/Jones schon seit Jahren ihre führende Stellung unter den englischsprachigen Lehrbüchern der Werkstoffkunde. Der nun in der deutschen Ausgabe vorliegende zweite Band behandelt ausführlich, wie die für technische Anwendungen wichtigsten Werkstoffeigenschaften von Metallen, Keramiken und Gläsern, sowie Kunst- und Verbundwerkstoffen von ihrer Herstellung und Mikrostruktur abhängen und in technischen Konstruktionen gewinnbringend eingesetzt werden. Zielgruppe dieses werkstoffkundlichen Standardwerkes sind fortgeschrittene Studenten der Ingenieur- und Werkstoffwissenschaften sowie Ingenieure und Techniker. Aus dem Inhalt: - Metalle: Strukturen, Phasendiagramme, Triebkräfte und Kinetik von Strukturänderungen, diffusive und martensitische Umwandlungen, Stähle, Leichtmetalle, Herstellung und Umformung - Keramiken und Gläser: Strukturen, mechanischEigenschaften, Streuung der Festigkeitswerte, Herstellung und Verarbeitung, Sonderthema Zement und Beton - Kunststoffe und Verbundwerkstoffe: Strukturen, mechanisches Verhalten, Herstellung, Verbundwerkstoffe, Sonderthema Holz - Werkstoffgerechtes Konstruieren, Werkstoffkundliche Untersuchung von Schadensfällen (Brückeneinsturz über dem Firth of Tay, Flugzeugabstürze der Baureihe Comet, Eisenbahnkatastrophe von Eschede, ein gerissenes Bungee-Seil) - Anhang: Phasendiagramme im Selbststudium Highlights: - Detaillierte Fallstudien, Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben - Ausführliche Hinweise zu Konstruktion und Anwendungen Verwandte Titel: Ashby/Jones, Werkstoffe 1: Eigenschaften, Mechanismen und Anwendungen. Deutsche Ausgabe der dritten Auflage des englischen Originals, 2006 Ashby, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. Easy-Reading-Ausgabe der dritten Auflage des englischen Originals, 2006

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design Das Original mit bersetzungshilfen

Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 3827417627
Release Date: 2006-10-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Das englischsprachige, weltweit anerkannte Standardwerk zur Werkstoffauswahl - als neuer Buchtyp speziell für die Bedürfnisse deutschsprachiger Leser angepasst! Der Zusatznutzen, den dieses Buch bietet ist das Lesen und Lernen im englischen Original zu erleichtern und gleichzeitig in die spezielle Fachterminologie einzuführen und zwar durch: - Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte zur Fachterminologie und zu schwierigen normalsprachlichen Ausdrücken - Ein zweisprachiges Fachwörterbuch zum raschen Nachschlagen