Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science is a fascinating study of the bounds between science and language: in what sense, and of what, does science provide knowledge? Is science an instrument only distantly related to what's real? Can the language of science be used to adequately describe the truth? In this book, Jody Azziouni investigates the technology of science - the actual forging and exploiting of causal links, between ourselves and what we endeavor to know and understand.
This collection of important and significant papers examines a wide range of issues. One of the author's main concerns is to clarify the meaning of 'education' and 'quality in education' - a phrase often used in public debate but seldom scrutinized. Long-standing ambiguities latent in the concept of 'liberal education' are also exposed, and Herbert Spencer's question 'What knowledge is of most worth?', vital in the light of the recent vast development of knowledge, is considered. The first section of the collection clarifies different aspects of the concept of education and to reflect upon the difficulties and dilemmas facing teachers who strive to educate their pupils as distinct from just preparing them for examinations. This section concludes with a constructive re-examination of Plato's conception of education with a view to seeing what is acceptable in it instead of just concentrating on what is manifestly unacceptable. The second section is concerned with the role of edcuational theory in the education of teachers.
Author: Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-10-01
Drawing on essays from leading international and multi-disciplinaryscholars, A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology is thefirst comprehensive and authoritative reference source to cover thekey issues of technology’s impact on society and our lives. Presents the first complete, authoritative reference work inthe field Organized thematically for use both as a full introduction tothe field or an encyclopedic reference Draws on original essays from leading interdisciplinaryscholars Features the most up-to-date and cutting edge research in theinterdisciplinary fields of philosophy, technology, and theirbroader intellectual environments
The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and of technical artifacts, as well as the toolbox of engineers. Most of these have thus far not been analyzed in general philosophy of science, which has traditionally but inadequately regarded technology as mere applied science and focused on physics, biology, mathematics and the social sciences. • First comprehensive philosophical handbook on technology and the engineering sciences • Unparalleled in scope including explorative articles • In depth discussion of technical artifacts and their ontology • Provides extensive analysis of the nature of engineering design • Focuses in detail on the role of models in technology
Author: R.R. Bowker Company
Release Date: 2003-09
Genre: American literature
Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
This volume provides an overview of applications of conceptual spaces theory, beginning with an introduction to the modeling tool that unifies the chapters. The first section explores issues of linguistic semantics, including speakers’ negotiation of meaning. Further sections address computational and ontological aspects of constructing conceptual spaces, while the final section looks at philosophical applications. Domains include artificial intelligence and robotics, epistemology and philosophy of science, lexical semantics and pragmatics, agent-based simulation, perspectivism, framing, contrast, sensory modalities, and music, among others. This collection provides evidence of the wide application range of this theory of knowledge representation. The papers in this volume derive from international experts across different fields including philosophy, cognitive science, linguistics, robotics, computer science and geography. Each contributor has successfully applied conceptual spaces theory as a modeling tool in their respective areas of expertise. Graduates as well as researchers in the areas of epistemology, linguistics, geometric knowledge representation, and the mathematical modeling of cognitive processes should find this book of particular interest.
Edmund Husserl is the founder of phenomenology and the Logical Investigations is his most famous work. It had a decisive impact on twentieth century philosophy and is one of few works to have influenced both continental and analytic philosophy. This is the first time both volumes have been available in paperback. They include a new introduction by Dermot Moran, placing the Investigations in historical context and bringing out their contemporary philosophical importance. These editions include a new preface by Sir Michael Dummett.
When did psychology become a distinct discipline? What links the Continental and Analytic traditions in philosophy? Both these questions are answered by this extraordinary account of psychologism in Germany at the turn of the century. Martin Kusch explores the origins of psychologism through the work of two major figures in the history of Twentieth Century philosophy: Gottlob Frege and Edmund Husserl. Using psychological and historical reconstruction, Martin Kusch shows how the power struggle between experimental psychologists and pure philosophers influenced the thought of both Frege and Husserl; it not only shaped their agendas but also determined the success of their arguments for disengaging logic from psychology. This debate was crucial in the creation of the separate discipline of psychology. Kusch has provided an invaluable study for the understanding of a key moment in the intellectual history of the Twentieth Century.
This book offers a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the epistemology of science. It not only introduces readers to the general epistemological discussion of the nature of knowledge, but also provides key insights into the particular nuances of scientific knowledge. No prior knowledge of philosophy or science is assumed by The Nature of Scientific Knowledge. Nevertheless, the reader is taken on a journey through several core concepts of epistemology and philosophy of science that not only explores the characteristics of the scientific knowledge of individuals but also the way that the development of scientific knowledge is a particularly social endeavor. The topics covered in this book are of keen interest to students of epistemology and philosophy of science as well as science educators interested in the nature of scientific knowledge. In fact, as a result of its clear and engaging approach to understanding scientific knowledge The Nature of Scientific Knowledge is a book that anyone interested in scientific knowledge, knowledge in general, and any of a myriad of related concepts would be well advised to study closely.
One of the earliest philosophical studies of the new physics of relativity and quantum mechanics, The Analysis of Matter was a companion volume to the The Analysis of Mind, which had provided a similar service for psychology. In an attempt to demonstrate the logical structure of the world, the author develops his views about the philosophy of science out of the theories of such scientists as Einstein, Bohr and Heisenberg.
Includes the author's seminal studies of the logic of induction, arguments for his realist view that science discovers necessary truths about nature, and exercises in the epistemology and ontology of science.
Author: Evandro Agazzi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2014-03-11
The first part of this book is of an epistemological nature and develops an original theory of scientific objectivity, understood in a weak sense (as intersubjective agreement among the specialists) and a strong sense (as having precise concrete referents). In both cases it relies upon the adoption of operational criteria designed within the particular perspective under which any single science considers reality. The “object” so attained has a proper ontological status, dependent on the specific character of the criteria of reference (regional ontologies). This justifies a form of scientific realism. Such perspectives are also the result of a complex cultural-historical situation. The awareness of such a “historical determinacy” of science justifies including in the philosophy of science the problems of ethics of science, relations of science with metaphysics and social dimensions of science that overstep the traditional restriction of the philosophy of science to an epistemology of science. It is to this “context” that the second part of the book is devoted.