Dear Colleague Letters

Author: Jacob R. Straus
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:269366630
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Legislators

"Dear Colleague" letters are correspondence signed by Members of Congress and distributed in bulk to their colleagues. Such correspondence is often used by one or more Members to persuade others to cosponsor, support, or oppose a bill. "Dear Colleague" letters also inform Members about new or modified congressional operations or about events connected to congressional business. A Member or group of Members might send a "Dear Colleague" letter to all of their colleagues in a chamber, to Members of the other chamber, or to a subset of Members, such as all Democrats or Republicans. The use of the phrase "Dear Colleague" to refer to a widely distributed letter among Members dates at least to the start of the 20th century, and refers to the generic salutation of these letters. New technologies and expanded use of the Internet have increased the speed and facilitated the process of distributing "Dear Colleague" letters.

Memorials and Monuments in the Nation s Capital

Author: Julius Hines
Publisher:
ISBN: 1634855914
Release Date: 2016-11-13
Genre:

In 1986, in an effort to create a statutory process for the creation, design, and construction of commemorative works in the District of Columbia, Congress debated and passed the Commemorative Works Act (CWA). This book examines the evolving process by which memorials have been proposed, approved, and constructed in the District of Columbia. Since the enactment of the CWA, Congress has authorized 31 commemorative works to be placed in the District of Columbia or its environs. This book contains a catalog of 18 authorized works that have been completed and dedicated since 1986. For each memorial, the book provides a rationale for each authorized work, as expressed by a Member of Congress, as well as the statutory authority for its creation; and identifies the group or groups which sponsored the commemoration, the memorials location, and the dedication date. Furthermore, this book provides a status update on eight in-progress memorials and five memorials with lapsed authorizations. The final section of this book focuses on options for Congress for four types of exemptions to the CWA: siting works, use of specific materials, memorial completion deadlines, and the placement and status of museums.

Party and Procedure in the United States Congress

Author: Jacob R. Straus
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781442258747
Release Date: 2016-07-15
Genre: Political Science

Understanding how Congressional political parties utilize floor procedure to advance a legislative agenda is fundamental to understanding how Congress operates. This book offers students and researchers an in-depth understanding of the procedural tools available to congressional leaders and committee chairs and how those tools are implemented in the House of Representatives, the Senate, and during negotiations between the chambers. While other volumes provide the party or the procedural perspective, this book combines these two features to create a robust analysis of the role that party can play in making procedural decisions. Additionally, the contributors provide an opportunity to take a holistic look at Congress and understand the changing dynamics of congressional power and its implementation over time. The second edition of Party and Procedure in the United States Congress includes case studies and analyses of the changes and innovations that have occurred since 2012, including the “nuclear option.”

Lobbying the Executive Branch

Author: Jacob R. Straus
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781437926484
Release Date: 2010-04
Genre:

Contents: (1) Statutory Coverage for Exec. Branch (EB) Officials: Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995; Lobbying Disclosure Tech. Amend. Act of 1998; Honest Leadership and Open Gov'¿¿t. Act of 2007; (2) Obama Admin. Lobbying Policies: EB Ethics Pledge; Restrictions on Emerg. Econ. Stabilization Act Funds Lobbying, and Recovery Act Funds Lobbying; Recovery Act Guidance for Lobbyist Commun.; Restrictions on Lobbyists Serving on Fed. Advisory Comm.; (3) 3rd-Party Critiques of EB Lobbying Policies: Recovery Act Lobbying Policies; Fed. Advisory Comm. Member; (4) Options for Change: Amend the Lobbying Disclosure Act; Create a Central EB Disclosure Database; Take No Action. Appendix: Cabinet-Level Exec. Dept'¿¿s. Recovery Act Websites.

Amateurs and Professionals in the House of Representatives

Author: Jacob R. Straus
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:658213799
Release Date: 2006
Genre:

ABSTRACT: This dissertation examines the differences between freshmen members of Congress during their first term in office. The analysis focuses on understanding the impact of pre-congressional political experience on amateur politicians, individuals without previous electoral experience, and professional politicians, those who have served in elected office before being elected to the House of Representatives. The central questions surround the differences between amateur and professional freshmen and the types of committee assignments they receive, their electoral success in their first two elections in Congress, and their ability to respect the norms and folkways of the institution. In addressing these topics, the paper builds on previous literature on amateurs in American life in general and in political specifically. It also specifically address the ideas first presented by Donald Matthews in U.S. Senators and Their World about the types of individuals that serve in Congress and whether they are descriptively representative of the constituents they serve. To examine these topics, both quantitative and qualitative methods are employed using data analysis in combination with in-depth elite interviews with current and former members of Congress and through the use of their biographies and autobiographies. This analysis demonstrates that a fundamental difference exists between the way that amateur and professional freshmen are treated by the leadership of the House of Representatives and how they behave within the institution. For a voter choosing between an amateur and professional candidate, they are more likely to get the best "service" from a professional candidate, as they have the best understanding of legislative politics and the need to follow the norms and folkways of the institution to be successful.

Is Congress Broken

Author: William F. Connelly, Jr.
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815730378
Release Date: 2017-03-21
Genre: Political Science

Making Congress Work, Again, Within the Constitutional System Congress for many years has ranked low in public esteem—joining journalists, bankers, and union leaders at the bottom of polls. And in recent years there's been good reason for the public disregard, with the rise of hyper-partisanship and the increasing inability of Congress to carry out its required duties, such as passing spending bills on time and conducting responsible oversight of the executive branch. Congress seems so dysfunctional that many observers have all but thrown up their hands in despair, suggesting that an apparently broken U.S. political system might need to be replaced. Now, some of the country's foremost experts on Congress are reminding us that tough hyper-partisan conflict always has been a hallmark of the constitutional system. Going back to the nation's early decades, Congress has experienced periods of division and turmoil. But even in those periods Congress has been able to engage in serious deliberation, prevent ill-considered proposals from becoming law—and, over time, help develop a deeper, more lasting national consensus. The ten chapters in this volume focus on how Congress in the twenty-first century can once again fulfill its proper functions of representation, deliberation, legislation, and oversight. The authors offer a series of practical reforms that would maintain, rather than replace, the constitutional separation of powers that has served the nation well for more than 200 years.

Lobbying Registration and Disclosure

Author: Jacob R. Straus
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781437985917
Release Date: 2011-08
Genre:

On September 14, 2007, President George W. Bush signed S. 1, the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007 (HLOGA), into law. This Act (HLOGA) amended the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 to provide, among other changes to federal law and House and Senate rules, additional and more frequent disclosure of lobbying contacts and activities. This report focuses on changes made to lobbying registration, termination, and disclosure requirements and provides analysis of the volume of registration, termination, and disclosure reports filed with the Clerk of the House of Rep. and the Secretary of the Senate before and after the HLOGA¿s passage. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

The Death of Deliberation

Author: James I. Wallner
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739183052
Release Date: 2013-09-25
Genre: Political Science

This book provides a counter-view on the conventional wisdom regarding the United States Senate. Specifically, it presents an alternative approach to the broken Congress genre with the argument that the Senate is not characterized by gridlock and that party leaders cooperate to make the institution work.

Social Networking and Constituent Communication Member Use of Twitter During a Two Week Period in the 111th Congress

Author: Matthew Eric Glassman
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781437923544
Release Date: 2010-11
Genre:

During the past 15 years, the development of new electronic technologies has altered the traditional patterns of commun. between Members of Congress and constituents. Many Members now use e-mail, official web sites, blogs, YouTube, and Facebook pages to communicate with their constituents. These technologies have served providing greater opportunities for commun. between the Member and individual constituents. This report examines Member use of one specific new electronic commun. medium: Twitter. After providing an overview and background of Twitter, the report analyzes patterns of Member use of Twitter during two one-week periods in July and August 2009. Charts and tables.

Legislative Branch Revolving Funds

Author: Ida A. Brudnick
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781437926590
Release Date: 2010-04
Genre:

Legislative branch revolving funds support the '¿¿business-type activities'¿¿ of the House, Senate, and legislative branch agencies. The legislative branch currently has 26 revolving funds, including 7 funds for the House of Rep., 9 for the Senate, 5 for the Architect of the Capitol, 4 for the Library of Congress, and one for the Gov'¿¿t. Printing Office (GPO). As of the close of FY 2008, the funds range in size from $10,000 for the Senate Computer Center Fund to $216.5 million for the GPO revolving fund. In contrast, the legislative branch appropriation for FY 2010 was $4.65 billion. This report traces the establishment, use, and development of these funds. Also, the current status of funds is provided, using standard federal gov'¿¿t. budget object classifications. Illus.

The Cleveland Directory

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: HARVARD:HN4HMN
Release Date: 1881
Genre: Cleveland (Ohio)

An alphabetical list of all business firms and private citizens; a classified business directory, and a directory of the public institutions; together with a map from the latest surveys: and complete street guide.