Ion Beam Modification of Materials

Author: J.S. Williams
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780444599742
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This conference consisted of 15 oral sessions, including three plenary papers covering areas of general interest, 22 specialist invited papers and 51 contributed presentations as well as three poster sessions. There were several scientific highlights covering a diverse spectrum of materials and ion beam processing methods. These included a wide range of conventional and novel applications such as: optical displays and opto-electronics, motor vehicle and tooling parts, coatings tailored for desired properties, studies of fundamental defect properties, the production of novel (often buried) compounds, and treating biomedical materials. The study of nanocrystals produced by ion implantation in a range of host matrices, particularly for opto-electronics applications, was one especially new and exciting development. Despite several decades of study, major progress was reported at the conference in understanding defect evolution in semiconductors and the role of defects in transient impurity diffusion. The use of implantation to tune or isolate optical devices and in forming optically active centres and waveguides in semiconductors, polymers and oxide ceramics was a major focus of several presentations at the conference. The formation of hard coatings by ion assisted deposition or direct implantation was also an area which showed much recent progress. Ion beam techniques had also developed apace, particularly those based on plasma immersion ion implantation or alternative techniques for large area surface treatment. Finally, the use of ion beams for the direct treatment of cancerous tissue was a particularly novel and interesting application of ion beams.

Laser and Ion Beam Modification of Materials

Author: I. Yamada
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483164045
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Laser and Ion Beam Modification of Materials is a compilation of materials from the proceedings of the symposium U: Material Synthesis and Modification by Ion beams and Laser Beams. This collection discusses the founding of the KANSAI Science City in Japan, and the structures, equipment, and research projects of two institutions are discussed pertaining to eV-MeV ion beams. A description of ion beams as used in materials research and in manufacturing processes, along with trends in ion implantation technology in semiconductors, is discussed. Research into ion beams by China and its industrial uses in non-semiconductor area is noted. For industrial applications, developing technology in terms of high speed, large surface modifications and use of high doses is important. Thus, the development of different ion beam approaches is examined. Industrial applications of ion and laser processing are discussed as cluster beams are used in solid state physics and chemistry. Mention is made on a high power discharge pumped solid state physics (ArF) excimer laser as a potential light source for better material processing. Under ion beam material processing is nanofabrication using focused ion beams, important for research work in mesoscopic systems. Progress in the use of ion-beam mixing using kinetic energy of ion-beams to mingle with pre-deposited surface layers of substrate materials has shown promise. Advanced materials researchers and scientists, as well as academicians in the field of nuclear physics, will find this collection helpful.

Ion Beam Modification of Materials

Author: Stephen P. Withrow
ISBN: 0444892001
Release Date: 1991-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

IBMM '90 was the seventh in a series of biennial International Conferences on ion beam processing of materials. The 213 papers in this two-volume set discuss experimental and theoretical work involving beam interactions with a wide range of materials, including semiconductors, metals, ceramics, insulators and polymers. Also included are papers on ion-enhanced deposition, tribology, beam-induced crystallization and amorphization, and recent developments in equipment design and experimental techniques. The quality and scope of the contributions demonstrate the growing importance and activity in the field of ion beam processing, as well as indicating new directions for ion beam processing and analysis.

Surface Engineering of Metals

Author: Tadeusz Burakowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420049925
Release Date: 1998-12-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Surface Engineering of Metals provides basic definitions of classical and modern surface treatments, addressing mechanisms of formation, microstructure, and properties of surface layers. Part I outlines the fundamentals of surface engineering, presents the history of its development, and proposes a two-category classification of surface layers. Discussions include the basic potential and usable properties of superficial layers and coatings, explaining their concept, interaction with other properties, and the significance of these properties for proper selection and functioning. Part II provides an original classification of the production methods of surface layers. Discussions include the latest technologies in this field, characterized by directional or beam interaction of particles or of the heating medium with the treat surface.

Materials Science with Ion Beams

Author: Harry Bernas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540887898
Release Date: 2009-10-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Materials science is the prime example of an interdisciplinary science. It - compasses the ?elds of physics, chemistry, material science, electrical en- neering, chemical engineering and other disciplines. Success has been o- standing. World-class accomplishments in materials have been recognized by NobelprizesinPhysicsandChemistryandgivenrisetoentirelynewtechno- gies. Materials science advances have underpinned the technology revolution that has driven societal changes for the last ?fty years. Obviouslytheendisnotinsight!Futuretechnology-basedproblemsd- inatethecurrentscene.Highonthelistarecontrolandconservationofenergy and environment, water purity and availability, and propagating the inf- mation revolution. All fall in the technology domain. In every case proposed solutions begin with new forms of materials, materials processing or new arti?cial material structures. Scientists seek new forms of photovoltaics with greater e?ciency and lower cost. Water purity may be solved through surface control, which promises new desalination processes at lower energy and lower cost. Revolutionary concepts to extend the information revolution reside in controlling the “spin” of electrons or enabling quantum states as in quantum computing. Ion-beam experts make substantial contributions to all of these burgeoning sciences.

Ion Beam Modification of Solids

Author: Werner Wesch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319335612
Release Date: 2016-07-14
Genre: Science

This book presents the method of ion beam modification of solids in realization, theory and applications in a comprehensive way. It provides a review of the physical basics of ion-solid interaction and on ion-beam induced structural modifications of solids. Ion beams are widely used to modify the physical properties of materials. A complete theory of ion stopping in matter and the calculation of the energy loss due to nuclear and electronic interactions are presented including the effect of ion channeling. To explain structural modifications due to high electronic excitations, different concepts are presented with special emphasis on the thermal spike model. Furthermore, general concepts of damage evolution as a function of ion mass, ion fluence, ion flux and temperature are described in detail and their limits and applicability are discussed. The effect of nuclear and electronic energy loss on structural modifications of solids such as damage formation, phase transitions and amorphization is reviewed for insulators and semiconductors. Finally some selected applications of ion beams are given.

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Author: Alexey Kondyurin
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780080999180
Release Date: 2014-09-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers, Second Edition presents the results of polymer investigations and technique development in the field of polymer modification by high-energy ion beams. It shows how to use ion beam equipment in the polymer industry, as well as how to use it to produce new polymer materials. The authors, scientists and researchers active in the field, provide analysis and data from their work, and give an overview of related work by others. The authors focus on wetting, adhesion, hardness, chemical activity, environmental stability, biocompatibility, new synthesis methods, and space flight construction. The technologies of material modification by a beam of high energy ions have wide applications in different fields, from microelectronics to medicine. Historically, ion beam treatment of polymers had fewer applications due to high costs of ion beam equipment and low costs of polymer materials. The modern development of new pulse sources with a high current density and wide ion beams increase the effectiveness of ion beam technology for polymers. Collates data from many scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation, and in development and production of ion beam equipment Covers industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers Integrates physical and chemical aspects of the processes in polymers treated by ion beams

Ion Beams in Materials Processing and Analysis

Author: Bernd Schmidt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783211993569
Release Date: 2012-12-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

A comprehensive review of ion beam application in modern materials research is provided, including the basics of ion beam physics and technology. The physics of ion-solid interactions for ion implantation, ion beam synthesis, sputtering and nano-patterning is treated in detail. Its applications in materials research, development and analysis, developments of special techniques and interaction mechanisms of ion beams with solid state matter result in the optimization of new material properties, which are discussed thoroughly. Solid-state properties optimization for functional materials such as doped semiconductors and metal layers for nano-electronics, metal alloys, and nano-patterned surfaces is demonstrated. The ion beam is an important tool for both materials processing and analysis. Researchers engaged in solid-state physics and materials research, engineers and technologists in the field of modern functional materials will welcome this text.

The Physics of Micro Nano Fabrication

Author: Ivor Brodie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306441462
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Science

Provides an overview of the tools, technologies, and physical models needed to understand, build, and analyze microdevices. This book is intended for students, specialists within the field, and researchers in related fields.

Mathematical Modeling

Author: Ludmilla A. Uvarova
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306466643
Release Date: 2001-12-31
Genre: Computers

This book contains review articles and original results in problems and methods of mathematical simulation and their applications in various fields. The articles included are based on the reports that were presented at the Fourth International Mathematical Modeling Conference (Moscow, Russia, June 27 - July 1, 2000). The book is intended for specialists, as well as for post-graduates and students in the areas of mathematical modeling, algorithms and computational theory, mathematical physics, discrete mathematics, physics, physical chemistry, transfer theory, and economics.

Handbook of Surface and Interface Analysis

Author: John C. Riviere
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824700805
Release Date: 1998-01-27
Genre: Science

Integrating advances in instrumentation and methods, this work offers an approach to solving problems in surface and interface analysis, beginning with a particular problem and then explaining the most rational and efficient route to a solution. The book discusses electron optical and scanned probe microscopy, high spatial resolution imaging and synchrotron-based techniques. It emphasizes problem-solving for different classes of materials and material function.

Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology

Author: P. Misaelides
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0792333241
Release Date: 1995-01-31
Genre: Science

The development of advanced materials with preselected properties is one of the main goals of materials research. Of especial interest are electronics, high-temperature and superhard materials for various applications, as well as alloys with improved wear, corrosion and mechanical resistance properties. The technical challenge connected with the production of these materials is not only associated with the development of new specialised preparation techniques but also with quality control. The energetic charged particle, electron and photon beams offer the possibility of modifying the properties of the near-surface regions of materials without seriously affecting their bulk, and provide unique analytical tools for testing their quality. Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology provides an overview of this rapidly expanding field. Fundamental aspects concerning the interactions and collisions on atomic, nuclear and solid state scale are presented in a didactic way, along with the application of a variety of techniques for the solution of problems ranging from the development of electronics materials to corrosion research and from archaeometry to environmental protection. The book is divided into six thematic units: Fundamentals, Surface Analysis Techniques, Laser Beams in Materials Technology, Accelerator-Based Techniques in Materials Technology, Materials Modification and Synchrotron Radiation.