Evolutionary science lies at the heart of a modern understanding of the natural world. Darwin’s theory has withstood 150 years of scientific scrutiny, and today it not only explains the origin and design of living things, but highlights the importance of a scientific understanding in our culture and in our lives. Recently the movement known as “Intelligent Design” has attracted the attention of journalists, educators, and legislators. The scientific community is puzzled and saddened by this trend–not only because it distorts modern biology, but also because it diverts people from the truly fascinating ideas emerging from the real science of evolution. Here, join fifteen of our preeminent thinkers whose clear, accessible, and passionate essays reveal the fact and power of Darwin’s theory, and the beauty of the scientific quest to understand our world.
Author: A. J. MacDonald
Publisher: A. J. MacDonald, Jr.
Release Date: 2009-08-05
How are we to make sense of the Bible in the context of the modern world? In this book, you will discover a new way of perceiving the world; a way in which the biblical view of the world can be seen as just as true-for-us as the modern scientific view of the world. The World Perceived explores how we think about the world, how we perceive the world, and how we choose to live our lives in-the-world. Using phenomenology as a philosophical framework for the construction of a biblical theology of appearances, the author illustrates how the biblical description of reality is of far greater relevance to us than are the descriptions of reality given to us by modern science and popular science writers. By exploring the epistemological bases of both science and theology as a forms of knowledge along with the assumptions implicit within both worldviews, The World Perceived invites the reader upon an intellectual journey into the world of phenomenal reality. The author makes a strong case for the validity of the biblical description of the world and reality by demonstrating how the modern scientific description of the world and reality are in no way superior to the biblical description. Using three examples of conflicting scientific and biblical descriptions of the world (i.e., the geocentric versus the heliocentric conception of the universe, creation versus evolution, and absolute time versus relative time) The World Perceived demonstrates the Bible's relevancy to the modern world, which is often hostile to both religion and the Bible, like no other book on the market today.
This nonideological analysis of the debate regarding intelligent design and evolution reveals the intentional distortions and unseen influences of modern media that skew the public's view of world events and controversial issues. * Provides brief biographical profiles on some of the key individuals in the debate regarding evolution and intelligent design, including philosopher William Dembski of Seattle's Discovery Institute and former Harvard paleontologist Stephen J. Gould * Presents primary documents and photographs that support the text, as well as a timeline of the intelligent design–evolution debate * Includes an annotated bibliography for suggestions on further reading
Author: Michael Berkman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2010-09-20
Genre: Political Science
Who should decide what children are taught in school? This question lies at the heart of the evolution-creation wars that have become a regular feature of the US political landscape. Ever since the 1925 Scopes 'monkey trial' many have argued that the people should decide by majority rule and through political institutions; others variously point to the federal courts, educational experts, or scientists as the ideal arbiter. Berkman and Plutzer illuminate who really controls the nation's classrooms. Based on their innovative survey of 926 high school biology teachers they show that the real power lies with individual educators who make critical decisions in their own classrooms. Broad teacher discretion sometimes leads to excellent instruction in evolution. But the authors also find evidence of strong creationist tendencies in America's public high schools. More generally, they find evidence of a systematic undermining of science and the scientific method in many classrooms.
Author: Erkki Vesa Rope Kojonen
Release Date: 2016-04-28
The controversy over Intelligent Design (ID) has now continued for over two decades, with no signs of ending. For its defenders, ID is revolutionary new science, and its opposition is merely ideological. For its critics, ID is both bad science and bad theology. But the polemical nature of the debate makes it difficult to understand the nature of the arguments on all sides. A balanced and deep analysis of a controversial debate, this volume argues that beliefs about the purposiveness or non-purposiveness of nature should not be based merely on science. Rather, the philosophical and theological nature of such questions should be openly acknowledged.
Author: Robert B. Stewart
Release Date: 2007
This volume highlights points of agreement and disagreement between two leading conversants on the subject of Intelligent Design and the sufficiency of a Darwinian explanation of evolution. The subject of Intelligent Design has raised considerable interest and controversy over the meaning and relationship of science and religious conviction. Here two leading intellectuals on the subject - William A. Dembski, senior fellow with the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture, and Michael Ruse, an internationally noted philosopher of science - engage the issues. Their dialogue at the Greer-Heard Forum allows the reader to see in print how both positions are best articulated. The volume also provides the reader with an interdisciplinary assessment of Intelligent Design and Darwinian theory, enabling interested readers to assess and decide for themselves. Along with Dembski, Ruse, and volume editor Robert Stewart, the interdisciplinary team features scientists, philosophers, and theologians and includes several of the most noted religious thinkers of our age on this topic.
Author: Michael Tennesen
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release Date: 2015-03-17
“Simultaneously sobering and exhilarating, Michael Tennesen’s wide-ranging survey of disasters highlights both life’s fragility and its metamorphosing persistence” (Booklist) and describes what life on earth could look like after the next mass extinction. A growing number of scientists agree we are headed toward a mass extinction, perhaps in as little as 300 years. Already there have been five mass extinctions in the last 600 million years, including the Cretaceous Extinction, during which an asteroid knocked out the dinosaurs. Though these events were initially destructive, they were also prime movers of evolutionary change in nature. And we can see some of the warning signs of another extinction event coming, as our oceans lose both fish and oxygen, and our lands lose both predators and prey. In The Next Species, Michael Tennesen questions what life might be like after it happens. In thoughtful, provocative ways, Tennesen discusses the future of nature and whether humans will make it through the bottleneck of extinction. Could life suddenly get very big as it did before the arrival of humans? Could the conquest of Mars lead to another form of human? Could we upload our minds into a computer and live in a virtual reality? How would we recognize the next humans? Are they with us now? Tennesen delves into the history of the planet and travels to rainforests, canyons, craters, and caves all over the world to explore the potential winners and losers of the next era of evolution. His predictions, based on reports and interviews with top scientists, have vital implications for life on earth today. The Next Species is “an engrossing history of life, the dismal changes wrought by man, and a forecast of life after the sixth mass extinction” (Kirkus Reviews).
Author: Donald R. Prothero
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2007-11-06
Over the past twenty years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, including fossils that mark the growth of whales, manatees, and seals from land mammals and the origins of elephants, horses, and rhinos. Today there exists an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains, and new evidence from molecules that enable scientists to decipher the tree of life as never before. The fossil record is now one of the strongest lines of evidence for evolution. In this engaging and richly illustrated book, Donald R. Prothero weaves an entertaining though intellectually rigorous history out of the transitional forms and series that dot the fossil record. Beginning with a brief discussion of the nature of science and the "monkey business of creationism," Prothero tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution. He covers the ingredients of the primordial soup, the effects of communal living, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, the mammalian explosion, and the leap from chimpanzee to human. Prothero pays particular attention to the recent discovery of "missing links" that complete the fossil timeline and details the debate between biologists over the mechanisms driving the evolutionary process. Evolution is an absorbing combination of firsthand observation, scientific discovery, and trenchant analysis. With the teaching of evolution still an issue, there couldn't be a better moment for a book clarifying the nature and value of fossil evidence. Widely recognized as a leading expert in his field, Prothero demonstrates that the transformation of life on this planet is far more awe inspiring than the narrow view of extremists.
Critique of Intelligent Design is a compelling account of the debate between materialism and religion as well as an overview of the contemporary fight concerning nature, science, history, morality, and knowledge. The authors demonstrate how historical materialism is a crucial social foundation from which to confront intelligent design. They provide a fascinating account of the development of science in opposition to the proponents of "received wisdom." --from publisher description
Author: John Brockman
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Release Date: 2013-09-26
Genre: Social Science
Der große Visionär, Wissenschaftsaktivist und Literaturagent John Brockmann hat den führenden Köpfen aus unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen die Frage gestellt, welche neuen wissenschaftlichen Konzepte und Ideen unser Wissen wesentlich erweitern werden. Hierbei sind die Naturwissenschaften ebenso wie die Philosophie, die Künste und die Rechts- und die Wirtschaftswissenschaften angesprochen. Eine spannende Debatte u. a. mit Daniel Kahneman, Richard Dawkins, Brian Eno, J. Craig Venter, Martin Rees, Ernst Pöppel, Gerd Gigerenzer, Nicholas Christakis, Lisa Randall, Hans Ulrich Obrist, Steven Pinker und George Dyson. »Man muss Brockman und den Wissenschaftlern dankbar sein. Viel zu selten werden Fragen diskutiert, die an unserem Selbstverständnis als Mensch rütteln oder Überzeugungen und mit ihnen Deutungshoheiten und Herrschaftsstrukturen in Frage stellen.« Deutschlandradio Kultur