Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Terry Nardin
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814758311
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

From its sweaty beats to the pulsating music on the streets, Latin/o America is perceived in the United States as the land of heat, the toy store for Western sex. It is the territory of magical fantasy and of revolutionary threat, where topography is the travel guide of desire, directing imperial voyeurs to the exhibition of the flesh. Jose Quiroga flips the stereotype upside down: he shows how Latin/o American lesbians and gay men have consistently eschewed notions of sexual identity for a politics of intervention. In Tropics of Desire, Quiroga reads hesitant Mexican poets as sex-positive voices, he questions how outing and identity politics can fall prey to the manipulations of the state, and explores how invisibility has been used as a tactical tool in opposition to the universal imperative to come out. Drawing on diverse cultural examples such as the performance of bolero and salsa, film, literature, and correspondence, and influenced by masters like Roland Barthes, Walter Benjamin and a rich tradition of Latin American stylists, Quiroga argues for a politics that denies biological determinism and cannibalizes cultural stereotypes for the sake of political action.

Just and Unjust Interventions in World Politics

Author: C. Lu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230299542
Release Date: 2016-01-18
Genre: Political Science

Taking insights and controversies from feminist political theory, Lu looks to illuminate alternative images of 'sovereignty as privacy' and 'sovereignty as responsibility', and to identify new challenges arising from the increased agency of private global civil society, and their relationship with the world of states.

Against Massacre

Author: Davide Rodogno
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691151335
Release Date: 2012
Genre: History

"A timely, ambitious, and clearheaded account of the complex history of humanitarian intervention in the nineteenth century. Rodogno astutely shows how European humanitarianism fed on views of the Ottoman Empire as barbaric and moribund, and its Christian subjects as uniquely deserving of sympathy. Stressing the selectivity of interventions and the mixed motives of their agents, Rodogno traces the interplay between public opinion, the journalism that fueled it, and European states' imperial and geopolitical agendas."--Jennifer Pitts, University of Chicago "This excellent book offers a fresh and imaginative look at the history of humanitarian intervention by focusing on European action or inaction in the Ottoman Empire during episodes of violence against some of its Christian populations. Its well-researched and nuanced analysis illuminates the theory and practice of such interventions that remain very relevant for our own day. It also recasts through this prism the much-vexed 'Eastern Question' in highly original ways."--Aron Rodrigue, Stanford University "Against Massacre is a comprehensive and readable account of the first modern humanitarian interventions by Western powers in the nineteenth-century Ottoman Empire. While the new 'responsibility to protect' norm is making more impact than Rodogno concedes, he is right to suggest that broad consensus on military action in mass atrocity cases will long be elusive: the nineteenth-century legacy of selective response lives on."--Gareth Evans, cochair, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty "In this outstanding, elegant, and informative book, Rodogno makes a powerful case for reexamining humanitarian intervention from a historical perspective by exploring cases of European involvement in the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century. With impressive research and insightful analysis, Against Massacre will have a major impact in international history and be of great importance to humanities and political science scholars."--J. P. Daughton, Stanford University "Studying the emergence of humanitarian intervention in the nineteenth century and its implementation in the Ottoman Empire, Rodogno provides a new and interesting view on the concept as a whole. Rodogno's topic is excellent, his approach original, and his arguments sound and well-grounded. I know of no similar book."--Stevan K. Pavlowitch, emeritus professor of history, University of Southampton

Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Terry Nardin
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015063155587
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

From its sweaty beats to the pulsating music on the streets, Latin/o America is perceived in the United States as the land of heat, the toy store for Western sex. It is the territory of magical fantasy and of revolutionary threat, where topography is the travel guide of desire, directing imperial voyeurs to the exhibition of the flesh. Jose Quiroga flips the stereotype upside down: he shows how Latin/o American lesbians and gay men have consistently eschewed notions of sexual identity for a politics of intervention. In Tropics of Desire, Quiroga reads hesitant Mexican poets as sex-positive voices, he questions how outing and identity politics can fall prey to the manipulations of the state, and explores how invisibility has been used as a tactical tool in opposition to the universal imperative to come out. Drawing on diverse cultural examples such as the performance of bolero and salsa, film, literature, and correspondence, and influenced by masters like Roland Barthes, Walter Benjamin and a rich tradition of Latin American stylists, Quiroga argues for a politics that denies biological determinism and cannibalizes cultural stereotypes for the sake of political action.

Really Existing Nationalisms

Author: Erica Benner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198279590
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Nature

This is an impressive re-examination of the theories of Marx and Engels on nationalism. The author challenges the conventional view that Marx and Engels lacked the theoretical resources needed to understand nationalism. It argues that the two men had a much better explanatory grasp of national phenomena than is usually supposed, and that the reasoning behind their policy towards specific national movements was often subtle and sensitive to the ethical issues at stake. Instead of offering an insular `Marxian' account of nationalism, the book identifies arguments in Marx and Engels' writings that can help us to think more clearly about national identity and conflict today. These arguments are located in a distinctive theory of politics, which enabled the authors to analyse the relations between nationalism and other social movements and to discriminate between democratic, outward-looking national programmes and authoritarian, ethnocentric nationalism. The book suggest thatthis approach improves on accounts which stress the `independent' force of nationality over other concerns, and on thos that fail to analyse the complex motives of nationalist actors. It concludes by criticizing these `methodological nationalist' assumptions and `post-nationalist' views about the future role of nationalism, showing how some of marx and Engles' arguments can yield a better understanding of the national movements that have emerged in the wake of `really existing socialism'.

Moral and Political Education

Author: Stephen Macedo
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814756751
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Education

Survivor. The Bachelor. Extreme Makeover. Big Brother. Joe Millionaire. American Idol. The Osbournes. It is virtually impossible to turn on a television without coming across some sort of reality programming. Yet, while this genre has rapidly moved from the fringes of television culture to its lucrative core, critical attention has not kept pace. Beginning by unearthing its historical roots in early reality shows like Candid Camera and wending its way through An American Family, Cops, and The Real World to the most recent crop of reality programs, Reality TV is the first book to address the economic, visual, cultural, and audience dimensions of reality television. The essays provide a complex and comprehensive picture of how and why this genre emerged, what it means, how it differs from earlier television programming, and how it engages societies, industries, and individuals. Topics range from the construction of televisual "reality" to the changing face of criminal violence on TV, to issues of surveillance, taste, and social control. By spanning reality television's origins in the late 1940s to its current overwhelming popularity, Reality TV demonstrates both the tenacity of the format and its enduring ability to speak to our changing political and social desires and anxieties. Contributors include: Nick Couldry, Mary Beth Haralovich, John Hartley, Chuck Kleinhans, Derek Kompare, Jon Kraszewski, Kathleen LeBesco, Justin Lewis, Ted Magder, Jennifer Maher, Anna McCarthy, Rick Morris, Chad Raphael, Elayne Rapping, Jeffrey Sconce, Michael W. Trosset, Pamela Wilson.

Der Tatbestand des v lkerrechtlichen Interventionsverbots

Author: Marco Athen
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 9783845283913
Release Date: 2017-11-22
Genre: Law

Der Begriff der "Intervention" bzw. der "Einmischung" gehört seit langer Zeit schon sowohl zum Grundarsenal der internationalen Politik als auch zum Begriffshaushalt des Völkerrechts. Kaum eine zwischenstaatliche Auseinandersetzung wird nicht – wenigstens auch oder zeitweise – vom Vorwurf der verbotenen Einmischung oder vergleichbarer Einwürfe begleitet, was für den Völkerrechtler seit nun gut sechzig Jahren stets die Frage aufwirft, welche juristische Substanz dieser Vorwurf hat und wie er rechtsdogmatisch zu strukturieren ist. Insbesondere in der Staatenpraxis steht die Häufigkeit der Geltendmachung des Interventionsverbots in einem umgekehrt-proportionalen Verhältnis zur konkreten Benennung seiner Voraussetzungen und Rechtsfolgen. Wie genau der Tatbestand beschaffen ist und welche Reichweite er besitzt, spielt in Doktrin und Praxis bislang eine nachgeordnete Rolle. Die Arbeit versucht diese Lücke zu schließen und der Staatenpraxis ein völkerrechtsdogmatisches Gerüst an die Seite zu stellen.

Moral and Political Education

Author: Stephen Macedo
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814756751
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Education

Survivor. The Bachelor. Extreme Makeover. Big Brother. Joe Millionaire. American Idol. The Osbournes. It is virtually impossible to turn on a television without coming across some sort of reality programming. Yet, while this genre has rapidly moved from the fringes of television culture to its lucrative core, critical attention has not kept pace. Beginning by unearthing its historical roots in early reality shows like Candid Camera and wending its way through An American Family, Cops, and The Real World to the most recent crop of reality programs, Reality TV is the first book to address the economic, visual, cultural, and audience dimensions of reality television. The essays provide a complex and comprehensive picture of how and why this genre emerged, what it means, how it differs from earlier television programming, and how it engages societies, industries, and individuals. Topics range from the construction of televisual "reality" to the changing face of criminal violence on TV, to issues of surveillance, taste, and social control. By spanning reality television's origins in the late 1940s to its current overwhelming popularity, Reality TV demonstrates both the tenacity of the format and its enduring ability to speak to our changing political and social desires and anxieties. Contributors include: Nick Couldry, Mary Beth Haralovich, John Hartley, Chuck Kleinhans, Derek Kompare, Jon Kraszewski, Kathleen LeBesco, Justin Lewis, Ted Magder, Jennifer Maher, Anna McCarthy, Rick Morris, Chad Raphael, Elayne Rapping, Jeffrey Sconce, Michael W. Trosset, Pamela Wilson.

Getting to the Rule of Law

Author: James E. Fleming
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814728444
Release Date: 2011-09-01
Genre: Political Science

The rule of law has been celebrated as “an unqualified human good," yet there is considerable disagreement about what the ideal of the rule of law requires. When people clamor for the preservation or extension of the rule of law, are they advocating a substantive conception of the rule of law respecting private property and promoting liberty, a formal conception emphasizing an “inner morality of law,” or a procedural conception stressing the right to be heard by an impartial tribunal and to make arguments about what the law is? When are exertions of executive power “outside the law” justified on the ground that they may be necessary to maintain or restore the conditions for the rule of law in emergency circumstances, such as defending against terrorist attacks? In Getting to the Rule of Law a group of contributors from a variety of disciplines address many of the theoretical legal, political, and moral issues raised by such questions and examine practical applications “on the ground” in the United States and around the world. This timely, interdisciplinary volume examines the ideal of the rule of law, questions when, if ever, executive power “outside the law” is justified to maintain or restore the rule of law, and explores the prospects for and perils of building the rule of law after military interventions.

Democratic Community

Author: John W. Chapman
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814772140
Release Date: 1995-06-01
Genre: Political Science

A state-of-the-art meditation on relations, theoretical and practical, among a familiar triad of themes: comunitarianism, liberalism, and democracy. --American Political Science Review A collection of distinguished contributors, from a wide range of disciplines, examine the implications of the resurgence of interest in community. The chapters in Democratic Community consider the fundamental issues that divide liberals and communitarians, as well as the structure of communities, the roles of freedom and democratic institutions in sustaining one another, the place of a democratic civil society in a democratic polity, and the contributions of feminist thinking. This thirty-fifth volume in the American Society of Political and Legal Philosophy series is devoted, as is each volume in the series, to a single topic-- in this case, the implications for human nature and democratic theory of the resurgence of interest in community. Democratic Community deals not only with fundamental issues that divide liberals and communitarians, but is also concerned with the structure of communities, the roles of freedom and democratic institutions in sustaining one another, the place of a democratic civil society in a democratic polity, and the contributions of feminist thinking to the great debate. The collection of distinguished contributors, from a wide range of disciplines, includes: Richard J. Arneson (University of California, San Diego), Jean Baechler (University of Paris, Sorbonne), Christopher J. Berry (University of Glasgow), Robert A. Dahl (Yale University), Martin P. Golding (Duke University), Carol C. Gould (Stevens Institute of Technology), Amy Gutmann (Princeton University), Jane Mansbridge (Northwestern University), Kenneth Minogue (London School of Economics), Robert C. Post (University of California, Berkeley), David A. J. Richards (New York University), Gerald N. Rosenberg (University of Chicago), Bruce K. Rutherford (Yale University), Alan Ryan (Princeton University), and Carmen Sirianni (Brandeis University).

ber den Staat

Author: Pierre Bourdieu
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518737675
Release Date: 2014-03-10
Genre: Social Science

Kaum ein Wissenschaftler war politisch so engagiert wie Pierre Bourdieu. Umso mehr überrascht es, dass er dem Staat keine eigene Monographie gewidmet hat. Dass er sich dennoch intensiv mit dem Thema beschäftigte, belegen seine Vorlesungen am Collège de France, deren fulminanter Auftakt Über den Staat bildet. Bourdieu geht es sowohl um Fragen der Methodologie und Theorie bei der Untersuchung des Staates als Forschungsobjekt als auch um die historische Genese dieser Institution. Er analysiert zentrale Unterscheidungen wie die zwischen öffentlich und privat sowie den Einfluss der Massenmedien. Über den Staat ist eine große Synthese – und das eigentliche Hauptwerk Bourdieus zur politischen Soziologie.

Liberty

Author: Carl Joachim Friedrich
Publisher: AldineTransaction
ISBN: 9781412845045
Release Date: 2007-05-01
Genre: Political Science

Recent writing on the nature of freedom has served to underline a crucial gap in the academic experience. First--and most obviously--the concept of freedom has been modernized by its application to contemporary institutions. Second, a new approach to the concept of liberty has been pioneered in the construction of new typologies of freedom. Finally, awareness of variety in concepts of freedom has been paralleled in variations in the practice of freedom. The tumultuous history of Western man may be conceptualized as the story of how freedom has become embodied. What is missing from the story is the relationship of concepts to actions. This relationship has been established for some specific notions of freedom. Many of the philosophical analyses--especially recent ones like pragmatism and existentialism--have been predicated on actual human behavior. On the other hand, many classic histories of freedom--those of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, John Bagnell Bury, Guido de Ruggiero, and Harold Laski--have traced the actual development of a definite kind of freedom. This volume contains essays prepared to celebrate the anniversary of the publication of John Stuart Mill's On Liberty, revised in the light of discussions by Henry D. Aiken, William Ebenstein, Mark DeWolfe Howe, and David Spitz, as well as other articles, many of them growing out of the discussion either in the form of commentary or independent contributions. There are also two papers written independently (Andrew Hacker and Leonard Krieger). Carl J. Friedrich was Eaton Professor of the Science of Government, Harvard University. During World War II he helped found the School of Overseas Administration at Harvard to train officers for work in military government abroad. He was professor of political science at the University of Heidelberg from 1956 to 1966, where he founded and helped to develop the Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft. He served as president of the American Political Science Association in 1962, the International Political Science Association from 1967-1970, and the Institut international de philosophie politique.

Political And Legal Obligation

Author: James Roland Pennock
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202367894
Release Date: 1970
Genre: Political Science

At a point in history marked by dramatic challenges to the existing political and social order, the question of legal and political obligation emerges as a focal point of international concern. Amid the clamor for radical change in the established order, theories of political obligation demand renewed examination. In this volume, eighteen leading specialists in the legal, philosophical, and political science aspects of the question, offer their views on this timely topic. Part I examines the nature of moral, legal, and political obligation. The first essay presents a set of defi nitions that denies the very existence of obligation. The second essay disagrees particularly with respect to the relationship of political to moral tenets, and the third discusses the highly complex interplay between law and morality. Part II takes up the conditions of obligation and of obedience. The fi rst essay in this part discusses the conditions necessary to generate a "felt obligation." The second paper, concentrates on exposing key obstacles to the empirical proof that behavior is, or is not, motivated by "felt obligation." While the third draws upon a large body of literature and court decisions dealing with compliance to the law. The fourth essay is a case study of Rome, probing the role of obligation during that citys seven centuries of existence without a police force, and the ultimate breakdown of the system. Part III highlights ethical considerations that arise out of civil disobedience. The first essay proposes a rather restrictive defi nition of civil disobedience, and then embarks on a surprising examination of this subject in the light of the traditional arguments for "just war." Following that, is a broader examination of disobedience, emphasizing a contextual approach and applying, as a test, the likelihood of public good that will result from disobedience. Scholars and students in the areas of law, philosophy, and political science will find this volume a vital addition to their libraries.

Kongo

Author: David Van Reybrouck
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518778005
Release Date: 2012-04-16
Genre: History

Fesselnd und atemberaubend erzählt David van Reybrouck die Geschichte Kongos, wie wir sie noch nie gelesen haben. Der Autor, der den Bogen von der kolonialen Gewaltherrschaft unter Leopold II. über die 32jährige Mobutu-Diktatur bis hinein in die Gegenwart spannt, berichtet aus der eindrücklichen Perspektive derjenigen, die in ihrem Land leiden, kämpfen, leben – im Mittelpunkt stehen die Träume, Hoffnungen und Schicksale der sogenannten einfachen Bevölkerung. Für sein mehrfach preisgekröntes Buch hat der Autor zahlreiche Reisen in das zentralafrikanische Land unternommen, in dem er einzigartige Interviews führen konnte. Der Älteste, mit dem er sprach, wurde 1882 geboren. Seine Stimme und die vieler hundert anderer, Kindersoldaten und Rebellenführer, Politiker und Missionare, machen dieses Buch zu einer Sensation. Mit zahlreichen Augenzeugenberichten, bisher unbekannten Dokumenten aus Archiven und Van Reybroucks fundierter Kenntnis der Forschung stellt es einen Meilenstein auf dem Gebiet der Sachbuchliteratur dar.

Kultur in den internationalen Beziehungen

Author: Martin List
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658207892
Release Date: 2018-02-13
Genre: Political Science

Völkerrecht und Menschenrechte, Solidarität, Nationalismus, Religion, Konsumerismus und Neoliberalismus – wie lässt sich die Wirksamkeit solch kultureller Faktoren in der internationalen Politik angemessen analysieren? Die Eignung unterschiedlicher Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen hierfür wird in diesem Lehrbuch erörtert und sodann anhand der genannten Themenbereiche demonstriert. Dabei verfolgt die Einführung für fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Master-Studierende eine herrschaftskritische Perspektive.