Human Thermal Environments

Author: Ken Parsons
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466595996
Release Date: 2014-04-09
Genre: Science

In the ten years since the publication of the second edition of Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance, Third Edition, the world has embraced electronic communications, making international collaboration almost instantaneous and global. However, there is still a need for a compilation of up-to-date information and best practices. Reflecting current changes in theory and applications, this third edition of a bestseller continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably, and effectively, and for the design of materials that help people cope with their environments. See What’s New in the Third Edition: All existing chapters significantly updated Five new chapters Testing and development of clothing Adaptive models Thermal comfort for special populations Thermal comfort for special environments Extreme environments Weather Outdoor environments and climate change Fun runs, cold snaps, and heat waves The book covers hot, moderate, and cold environments, and defines them in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiant temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person’s activity. It focuses on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology, and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. The text then discusses water requirements, computer modeling, computer-aided design, and current standards. A systematic treatment of thermal environments and how they affect humans in real-world applications, the book links the health and engineering aspects of the built environment. It provides you with updated tools, techniques, and methods for the design of products and environments that achieve thermal comfort.

Human Thermal Environments

Author: Ken Parsons
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466596009
Release Date: 2014-04-09
Genre: Science

In the ten years since the publication of the second edition of Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance, Third Edition, the world has embraced electronic communications, making international collaboration almost instantaneous and global. However, there is still a need for a compilation of up-to-date information and best practices. Reflecting current changes in theory and applications, this third edition of a bestseller continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably, and effectively, and for the design of materials that help people cope with their environments. See What’s New in the Third Edition: All existing chapters significantly updated Five new chapters Testing and development of clothing Adaptive models Thermal comfort for special populations Thermal comfort for special environments Extreme environments Weather Outdoor environments and climate change Fun runs, cold snaps, and heat waves The book covers hot, moderate, and cold environments, and defines them in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiant temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person’s activity. It focuses on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology, and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. The text then discusses water requirements, computer modeling, computer-aided design, and current standards. A systematic treatment of thermal environments and how they affect humans in real-world applications, the book links the health and engineering aspects of the built environment. It provides you with updated tools, techniques, and methods for the design of products and environments that achieve thermal comfort.

Human Thermal Environments

Author: Ken Parsons
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420025248
Release Date: 2002-12-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Our responses to our thermal environment have a considerable effect on our performance and behavior, not least in the realm of work. There has been considerable scientific investigation of these responses and formal methods have been developed for environmental evaluation and design. In recent years these have been developed to the extent that detailed national and international standards of practice have now become feasible. This new edition of Ken Parson's definitive text brings us back up to date. He covers hot, moderate and cold environments, and defines these in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiate temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person's activity. There is a focus on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. Water requirements, computer modeling and computer-aided design are brought in, as are current standards. Special populations, such as the aged or disabled and specialist environments such as those found in vehicles are also considered. This book continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably and effectively, and for the design of materials which help the same people cope with their environments.

Ergonomics for Beginners

Author: Jan Dul
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420077513
Release Date: 2008-05-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Loaded with information on the design of work systems, workplaces, and workstations as well as human anthropometics, Ergonomics for Beginners: A Quick Reference Guide, Third Edition provides a useful quick reference and valuable tool for novices and experienced professionals alike. Retaining the features that made each previous edition a bestseller, the authors have meticulously revised the information to address rapid developments in information and communications technology, offering ergonomics advice on topics such as wireless, remote, and hands-free controls, website design, mobile interaction, and virtual offices. Understand the Utility and Limitations of Modern Technology In their trademark, eloquent style, the authors explain the application of a human-centered approach to the design, testing, and evaluation of work systems by considering the interrelated set of physical, cognitive, social, organizational, and other relevant human factors. Their elemental, but comprehensive, treatment of the subject matter provides an authoritative and archival reference of basic theoretical and practical knowledge that will help enhance human performance and reduce the undesirable effects and unintended consequences of many human interactions with technology and the organizational environment. Small enough to carry along to work sites, with simple and clear illustrations, the book examines how to improve performance and reduce the undesirable effects and unintended consequences of many human interactions with technology and the work environment.

Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV

Author: Pedro M. Arezes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781315628967
Release Date: 2016-03-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV covers a wide variety of topics, including but not limited to: - Occupational Safety - Risk Assessment - Ergonomics - Management Systems - Physical Environment - Construction Safety, and - Human Factors This compilation of papers in the domain of occupational safety and hygiene is mainly based on research works carried out at universities and other research institutions, and on practical studies developed by Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) practitioners within their companies. Accordingly, this book will be helpful to get acquainted with the state-of-the-art of the research within the mentioned domains, as well as with some practical tools and approaches that are currently used by OSH professionals in a global context.

Evaluation of Human Work 3rd Edition

Author: John R. Wilson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420055941
Release Date: 2005-04-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Completely revised and updated, Evaluation of Human Work is a compendium of ergonomics methods and techniques that is both broad and deep. The editors have once again brought together a team of world-renowned experts and created a forum for them to introduce their most valued techniques and methods. Almost every chapter has been revised and several new chapters have been added. See what’s new in the Third Edition: Sociotechnical design of work systems Team design and evaluation Learning from failures through a joint cognitive systems perspective The Analysis of organizational processes Techniques in user-centered design Increased understanding of the nature of knowledge and knowledge management in contemporary systems Environment surveys Systems for near miss reporting and analysis The one thing that has remained unchanged from the first and second editions is that this text is produced NOT as a cookbook of ergonomics methods. The editor places ergonomics methodology in context, and each chapter carefully describes the background to method development in that area and the application of methods and tools. Exploring the topic of ergonomics/human factors from a ‘doing it’ perspective, the book serves as a guide to what ergonomics can offer industry, business, or human service professionals and a reference for practicing ergonomists.

Energy and Environment in Architecture

Author: Nick Baker
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781135811181
Release Date: 2003-09-02
Genre: Architecture

A unique and revolutionary text which explains the principles behind the LT Method (2.1), a manual design tool developed in Cambridge by the BRE. The LT Method is a unique way of estimating the combined energy usage of lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems, to enable the designer to make comparisons between options at an early, strategic stage. In addition,Energy and Environment in Architecture the book deals with other environmental issues such as noise, thermal comfort and natural ventilation design. A variety of case studies provide a critique of real buildings and highlight good practice. These topics include thermal comfort, noise and natural ventilation.

Urban Climates

Author: T. R. Oke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108179362
Release Date: 2017-09-14
Genre: Science

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Science and Racket Sports II

Author: Mike Hughes
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781135810054
Release Date: 2002-11-01
Genre: Sports & Recreation

The proceedings of the Second World Congress of Science and Racket Sports and Fifth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress contain six keynote lectures which provide the latest research on a range of sport science topics as applied to tennis, table tennis, squash and badminton. The book is divided into six parts which deal respectively with Physiology, Nutrition, Preparation for Play, Psychological Aspects, Medical, Biomedical and Technical Aspects, and finally Notational Analysis. Sports scientists, coaches, physiotherapists, physicians and professional from racket sports industries will find that this book gives them access to the latest research from a world-wide group of experts. It will also provide an invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students. The editors have expertise in racket sports as well as in the various scientific disciplines covered at the Congresses. They have all been active in promoting the links between scientific theory and coaching practice.

Manufacturing Engineering Handbook Second Edition

Author: Hwaiyu Geng
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071839785
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The new edition of this professional resource reveals how to optimize all aspects of the global manufacturing process to build the highest quality goods at the lowest price in the shortest possible time. How can one apply technical and business knowledge to develop a strategic plan that delivers increased productivity, quality, sustainability, reliability, agility, resilience, and best practices with rapid time to production and value? The answers are found in the fully updated new edition of Manufacturing Engineering Handbook. The goal of this second edition is to provide the essential knowledge needed to build products with the highest quality at the lowest cost in the least amount of time by optimizing all aspects of the manufacturing process—design, development, tools, processes, quality, speed, output, safety, and sustainability. You will gain access to information on conventional and modern technologies, manufacturing processes, and operations management that will assist you in achieving these goals. The book is written by a team of more than 100 internationally renowned manufacturing engineering experts, and pared down from its original 1200 pages. The new and vastly improved second edition is specifically designed to concisely and succinctly cover traditional manufacturing processes and advanced technologies as well as newer manufacturing software and systems to integrate them into the modern, global manufacturing world. Brand-new chapters on: eco-design and sustainability; nano materials and nano manufacturing; facilities planning; operations research New sections on plastics, composites, and moldmaking; global manufacturing and supply chain management Increased coverage of Design for Six Sigma and adaptive manufacturing Affiliated web site with color illustrations, graphs, charts, discussions on future trends, additional technical papers, and suggestions for further reading

Thermal and Moisture Transport in Fibrous Materials

Author: N Pan
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781845692261
Release Date: 2006-10-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The transfer of heat and moisture through textiles is vital to the manufacture and design of clothing, technical and protective textiles. Continued advances in textile processing technology, the growth of manufactured nonwovens and the application of nanotechnology have resulted in a wealth of research in order to characterise the behaviour of these materials. Thermal and moisture transport in fibrous materials provides a comprehensive guide of the technological developments and scientific understanding in this area. The first section summarises the structure, geometry and stereology of fibrous materials. The fundamentals of wetting and its dynamics are also discussed. Part two analyses thermal and liquid interactions in textiles and offers insights into the thermodynamic behaviour of moisture as well as heat and moisture coupling. The book concludes with chapters on the human thermoregulatory system, interfacing between fibrous materials and the human body and innovative computer modelling simulations. Thermal and moisture transport in fibrous materials is an essential reference for all those involved in the textile industry, especially those concerned with the design and manufacture of technical textiles and protective clothing. Summarises the structure, geometry and stereology of fibrous materials Discusses the fundamentals of wetting and its dynamics Analyses thermal and liquid interactions in textiles

Thermoregulation and Human Performance

Author: Frank E. Marino
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9783805586481
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Genre: Medical

Over the last decades, our understanding of the relationship between thermoregulation, performance and fatigue has changed dramatically. New advances in technology and methodology permitted the study of rising and decreasing body temperature on metabolism and provided insights into the role the nervous system plays in determining human performance under thermally stressful situations. Further analysis of previous research has been necessary in addition to considering theories derived from complimentary areas of research such as evolutionary biology, anthropology and cellular and molecular biology. This publication provides different interpretations of recent research for a better understanding of the limitations of thermoregulation. In particular, it presents evidence for the human's ability to anticipate thermal limits and adjust their performance accordingly so that cellular homeostasis is preserved. Further, the book is featuring the inclusion of the effect of reduced body temperature on muscular performance and endurance which today is a popular method for providing avenues of reduced thermal strain and recovery from exercise. This publication will be an essential read for those working in thermal medicine, exercise physiology and human performance.

Air Pollution

Author: Jeremy Colls
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351988469
Release Date: 2017-07-12
Genre: Nature

A one stop, comprehensive textbook, covering the three essential components of air pollution science. The Third Edition has been updated with the latest developments, especially the inclusion of new information on the role of air pollutants in climate change. The authors give greater coverage to the developing economies around the world where air pollution problems are on the rise. The Third Edition continues to cover a wide range of air quality issues, retaining a quantitative perspective. Topics covered include - gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and dispersion modelling, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals. Moving away from classical toxic air pollutants, there is a chapter on climate change and another on the depletion of stratospheric ozone. A special feature of this new edition is the inclusion of a fresh chapter on air pollution mitigation by vegetation, mainly its role in maintaining a sustainable urban environment. Recommended for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, both for environmental scientists and engineers. The new material included in the Third Edition extends its use by practitioners in consultancies or local authorities.