Human Thermal Environments

Author: Ken Parsons
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466595996
Release Date: 2014-04-09
Genre: Science

In the ten years since the publication of the second edition of Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance, Third Edition, the world has embraced electronic communications, making international collaboration almost instantaneous and global. However, there is still a need for a compilation of up-to-date information and best practices. Reflecting current changes in theory and applications, this third edition of a bestseller continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably, and effectively, and for the design of materials that help people cope with their environments. See What’s New in the Third Edition: All existing chapters significantly updated Five new chapters Testing and development of clothing Adaptive models Thermal comfort for special populations Thermal comfort for special environments Extreme environments Weather Outdoor environments and climate change Fun runs, cold snaps, and heat waves The book covers hot, moderate, and cold environments, and defines them in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiant temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person’s activity. It focuses on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology, and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. The text then discusses water requirements, computer modeling, computer-aided design, and current standards. A systematic treatment of thermal environments and how they affect humans in real-world applications, the book links the health and engineering aspects of the built environment. It provides you with updated tools, techniques, and methods for the design of products and environments that achieve thermal comfort.

Ergonomics for Beginners

Author: Jan Dul
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420077513
Release Date: 2008-05-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Loaded with information on the design of work systems, workplaces, and workstations as well as human anthropometics, Ergonomics for Beginners: A Quick Reference Guide, Third Edition provides a useful quick reference and valuable tool for novices and experienced professionals alike. Retaining the features that made each previous edition a bestseller, the authors have meticulously revised the information to address rapid developments in information and communications technology, offering ergonomics advice on topics such as wireless, remote, and hands-free controls, website design, mobile interaction, and virtual offices. Understand the Utility and Limitations of Modern Technology In their trademark, eloquent style, the authors explain the application of a human-centered approach to the design, testing, and evaluation of work systems by considering the interrelated set of physical, cognitive, social, organizational, and other relevant human factors. Their elemental, but comprehensive, treatment of the subject matter provides an authoritative and archival reference of basic theoretical and practical knowledge that will help enhance human performance and reduce the undesirable effects and unintended consequences of many human interactions with technology and the organizational environment. Small enough to carry along to work sites, with simple and clear illustrations, the book examines how to improve performance and reduce the undesirable effects and unintended consequences of many human interactions with technology and the work environment.

Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV

Author: Pedro M. Arezes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781315628967
Release Date: 2016-03-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV covers a wide variety of topics, including but not limited to: - Occupational Safety - Risk Assessment - Ergonomics - Management Systems - Physical Environment - Construction Safety, and - Human Factors This compilation of papers in the domain of occupational safety and hygiene is mainly based on research works carried out at universities and other research institutions, and on practical studies developed by Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) practitioners within their companies. Accordingly, this book will be helpful to get acquainted with the state-of-the-art of the research within the mentioned domains, as well as with some practical tools and approaches that are currently used by OSH professionals in a global context.

Evaluation of Human Work 3rd Edition

Author: John R. Wilson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420055941
Release Date: 2005-04-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Completely revised and updated, Evaluation of Human Work is a compendium of ergonomics methods and techniques that is both broad and deep. The editors have once again brought together a team of world-renowned experts and created a forum for them to introduce their most valued techniques and methods. Almost every chapter has been revised and several new chapters have been added. See what’s new in the Third Edition: Sociotechnical design of work systems Team design and evaluation Learning from failures through a joint cognitive systems perspective The Analysis of organizational processes Techniques in user-centered design Increased understanding of the nature of knowledge and knowledge management in contemporary systems Environment surveys Systems for near miss reporting and analysis The one thing that has remained unchanged from the first and second editions is that this text is produced NOT as a cookbook of ergonomics methods. The editor places ergonomics methodology in context, and each chapter carefully describes the background to method development in that area and the application of methods and tools. Exploring the topic of ergonomics/human factors from a ‘doing it’ perspective, the book serves as a guide to what ergonomics can offer industry, business, or human service professionals and a reference for practicing ergonomists.

Manufacturing Engineering Handbook Second Edition

Author: Hwaiyu Geng
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071839785
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The new edition of this professional resource reveals how to optimize all aspects of the global manufacturing process to build the highest quality goods at the lowest price in the shortest possible time. How can one apply technical and business knowledge to develop a strategic plan that delivers increased productivity, quality, sustainability, reliability, agility, resilience, and best practices with rapid time to production and value? The answers are found in the fully updated new edition of Manufacturing Engineering Handbook. The goal of this second edition is to provide the essential knowledge needed to build products with the highest quality at the lowest cost in the least amount of time by optimizing all aspects of the manufacturing process—design, development, tools, processes, quality, speed, output, safety, and sustainability. You will gain access to information on conventional and modern technologies, manufacturing processes, and operations management that will assist you in achieving these goals. The book is written by a team of more than 100 internationally renowned manufacturing engineering experts, and pared down from its original 1200 pages. The new and vastly improved second edition is specifically designed to concisely and succinctly cover traditional manufacturing processes and advanced technologies as well as newer manufacturing software and systems to integrate them into the modern, global manufacturing world. Brand-new chapters on: eco-design and sustainability; nano materials and nano manufacturing; facilities planning; operations research New sections on plastics, composites, and moldmaking; global manufacturing and supply chain management Increased coverage of Design for Six Sigma and adaptive manufacturing Affiliated web site with color illustrations, graphs, charts, discussions on future trends, additional technical papers, and suggestions for further reading

Pkw Klimatisierung

Author: Holger Großmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642398414
Release Date: 2013-11-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Basierend auf langjährige experimentelle Erfahrungen werden elementare physikalische Ansätze verwendet. Damit lassen sich die Zusammenhänge der Pkw-Klimatisierung transparent darstellen. Beschrieben werden typische Betriebsarten eines Pkw im Winter und im Sommer. Hierzu ist auch ein Kapitel der Klimaphysiologie gewidmet. Ausführliche Beispiele dienen zur Vertiefung der gelesenen Kapitel. Mathematisch aufwändige Berechnungen und Tabellen sind im Anhang zusammengestellt. Zu den besonderen Themen gehören z.B.: • Luftaustausch der Karosserie mit der Umgebung • Aufheizung der Luft an der Motorhaube • Wärmeübertrager (in überarbeiteter Fassung) • Prüfstände • Sonneneinstrahlung und Verdampfer (in überarbeiteter Fassung) • Möglichkeiten zur Energieersparnis In einem ergänzenden Kapitel wird das Thema „Elektrisch betriebene Pkw“ skizziert. Eine Zusammenstellung wichtiger Normen und Richtlinien erleichtert deren Suche.

Fassaden

Author: Ulrich Knaack
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 9783038210269
Release Date: 2014-09-10
Genre: Architecture

Fassaden bestimmen die Erscheinung eines Gebäudes, sie verkörpern es gleichsam. Somit kommt ihnen in der Architektur große Bedeutung zu. Gleichzeitig nimmt die Gebäudehülle zentrale Aufgaben wahr – Belichtung, Wetterdichtigkeit, thermische Isolation, Lastenabtragung, Schallschutz, um nur die wichtigsten Funktionen zu nennen. Über die letzten 15 Jahre sind Fassaden erheblich komplexer geworden und die Entwicklung hält an: intelligente, klima-aktive Fassaden beispielsweise passen sich durch selbstregelnde Systeme den verschiedenen Licht- und Klimaverhältnissen an, neu entwickelte Materialien und Technologien haben die Funktionalität der Fassade stark erweitert. Dieses Buch zeigt die Prinzipien der Fassade. Zunächst werden die wichtigsten Typen wie Pfosten-Riegel-Fassade, Vorhangfassade, Elementfassade, Doppelfassade vorgestellt, dann werden ihre Anforderungen an Entwurf und Konstruktion verdeutlicht. Zahlreiche, eigens für dieses Buch entstandene Zeichnungen erklären die einzelnen Fassadentypen und zeigen diese dann am gebauten Beispiel. Für die Neuausgabe wurden die Kapitel aktualisiert, sämtliche Beispiele komplett neu erstellt und das neue Kapitel „Zukünftige Fassaden“ gibt einen Ausblick.

Die Psychologie des Essens und Trinkens

Author: Alexandra Logue
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 3827423929
Release Date: 2009-07-21
Genre: Science

Essen und Trinken ist für uns so alltäglich, daß wir gar nicht mehr überlegen, was uns eigentlich veranlaßt, etwas zu uns zu nehmen beziehungsweise eine Mahlzeit zu beenden. Hunger allein ist es nämlich nicht, auch nicht nur der gute Geschmack einer Speise und schließlich auch nicht allein der physische Bedarf an Nährstoffen. Vielmehr kommen diese und weitere Faktoren in einem komplexen Steuerungssystem zusammen, das überdies auch von kulturellen Einflüssen bis hin zu Moden - wie etwa den wechselnden Schlankheitsidealen - beeinflußt wird. A. W. Logue, führende Ernährungspsychologin in den USA, stellt in ihrem spannend geschriebenen Buch die psychologisch und biologisch raffinierten Steurmechanismen unseres Ernährungsverhaltens vor, wobei ihr eine Quadratur des Kreises gelingt: Was für Studenten als kompetente Einführung in eine praxisorientierte Ernährungswissenschaft gedacht war, liest sich für Laien wie eine Entdeckungsreise. Dabei erlebt man einige Aha-Effekte, die den Umgang mit Eßstörungen erleichtern könnten, und man erfährt im Anhang therapeutisch wichtige Adressen.