Author: Götz Aly
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
Release Date: 2008-01-08
A stunning account of the economic workings of the Third Reich—and the reasons ordinary Germans supported the Nazi state In this groundbreaking book, historian Götz Aly addresses one of modern history's greatest conundrums: How did Hitler win the allegiance of ordinary Germans? The answer is as shocking as it is persuasive: by engaging in a campaign of theft on an almost unimaginable scale—and by channeling the proceeds into generous social programs—Hitler literally "bought" his people's consent. Drawing on secret files and financial records, Aly shows that while Jews and citizens of occupied lands suffered crippling taxation, mass looting, enslavement, and destruction, most Germans enjoyed an improved standard of living. Buoyed by millions of packages soldiers sent from the front, Germans also benefited from the systematic plunder of conquered territory and the transfer of Jewish possessions into their homes and pockets. Any qualms were swept away by waves of government handouts, tax breaks, and preferential legislation. Gripping and important, Hitler's Beneficiaries makes a radically new contribution to our understanding of Nazi aggression, the Holocaust, and the complicity of a people.
Author: Götz Aly
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Release Date: 2013-12-12
***Wie der einfache Deutsche vom Raubzug der Nationalsozialisten profitierte**** Götz Aly ist einer der wichtigsten und provokantesten NS-Forscher. Hier schreibt er über die hemmungslose Ausplünderung Europas durch die Nationalsozialisten - von der Millionen einfache Deutsche profitierten. Während des Zweiten Weltkrieges verwandelte die Regierung Hitler den Staat in eine Raubmaschine ohne Beispiel. Die große Mehrheit der Deutschen stellte sie mit sozialpolitischen Wohltaten, guter Versorgung und kleinen Steuergeschenken ruhig. Die Kosten dieser Gefälligkeitsdiktatur hatten Millionen von Europäern zu tragen, deren Besitz und Existenzgrundlagen enteignet wurden. Die Erlöse aus dem Verkauf von jüdischen Vermögen überall in Europa flossen in die deutsche Kriegskasse und damit auch in die Taschen der Soldaten. Lange beschwiegen, werden hier endlich die Vorteile, welche die deutsche »Volksgemeinschaft« aus den Verbrechen des Nationalsozialismus, aus dem Krieg und der Ermordung der Juden zog, schonungslos dargestellt.
Author: Jacques R. Pauwels
Publisher: James Lorimer & Company
Release Date: 2017-11-15
Genre: Business & Economics
For big business in Germany and around the world, Hitler and his National Socialist party were good news. Business was bad in the 1930s, and for multinational corporations Germany was a bright spot in a world suffering from the Great Depression. As Jacques R. Pauwels explains in this book, corporations were delighted with the profits that came from re-arming Germany, and then supplying both sides of the Second World War. Recent historical research in Germany has laid bare the links between Hitler's regime and big German firms. Scholars have now also documented the role of American firms — General Motors, IBM, Standard Oil, Ford, and many others — whose German subsidiaries eagerly sold equipment, weapons, and fuel needed for the German war machine. A key roadblock to America's late entry into the Second World War was behind-the-scenes pressure from US corporations seeking to protect their profitable business selling to both sides. Basing his work on the recent findings of scholars in many European countries and the US, Pauwels explains how Hitler gained and held the support of powerful business interests who found the well-liked oneparty fascist government, ready and willing to protect the property and profits of big business. He documents the role of the many multinationals in business today who supported Hitler and gained from the Nazi government's horrendous measures.
Author: Devin O. Pendas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2017-11-16
The 'racial state' has become a familiar shorthand for the Third Reich, encapsulating its raison d'être, ambitions, and the underlying logic of its genocidal violence. The Nazi racial state's agenda is generally understood as a fundamental reshaping of society based on a new hierarchy of racial value. However, this volume argues that it is time to reappraise what race really meant under Nazism, and to question and complicate its relationship to the Nazis' agenda, actions, and appeal. Based on a wealth of new research, the contributors show that racial knowledge and racial discourse in Nazi Germany were far more contradictory and disparate than we have come to assume. They shed new light on the ways that racial policy worked and was understood, and consider race's function, content, and power in relation to society and nation, and above all, in relation to the extraordinary violence unleashed by the Nazis.
Author: C. Kakel
Release Date: 2013-11-04
Based on an exploration of both pre-Nazi and Nazi theory and practice, Pete Kakel challenges the dominant narrative of the murder of European Jewry, illuminating the Holocaust's decidedly imperial-colonial origins, context, and content in a book of interest to students, teachers, and lay readers, as well as specialist and non-specialist scholars.
Author: Mary Fulbrook
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-10-13
The fourth edition of A History of Germany, 1918-2014: ADivided Nation introduces students to the key themes of20th century German history, tracing the dramaticsocial, cultural, and political tensions in Germany since 1918. Nowthoroughly updated, the text includes new coverage of the Eurocrisis and a review of Angela Merkel’s Chancellorship. New edition of a well-known, classic survey by a leadingscholar in the field, thoroughly updated for a new generation ofreaders Provides an overview of the turbulent history of Germany fromthe end of the First World War through the Third Reich and beyond,examining the character and consequences of war and genocide Treats German history from 1918 to 2014 from the perspectivesof instability, division and reunification, covering East and WestGerman history in equal depth Offers important reflections on Angela Merkel’sChancellorship as it extends into a new term Concise, substantive coverage of this period make it an idealresource for undergraduate students
Author: Mark Mazower
Publisher: Penguin UK
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Political Science
The powerful, disturbing history of Nazi Europe by Mark Mazower, one of Britain's leading historians and bestselling author of Dark Continent and Governing the World Hitler's Empire charts the landscape of the Nazi imperial imagination - from those economists who dreamed of turning Europe into a huge market for German business, to Hitler's own plans for new transcontinental motorways passing over the ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, and earnest internal SS discussions of political theory, dictatorship and the rule of law. Above all, this chilling account shows what happened as these ideas met reality. After their early battlefield triumphs, the bankruptcy of the Nazis' political vision for Europe became all too clear: their allies bailed out, their New Order collapsed in military failure, and they left behind a continent corrupted by collaboration, impoverished by looting and exploitation, and grieving the victims of war and genocide. About the author: Mark Mazower is Ira D.Wallach Professor of World Order Studies and Professor of History Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award) and Governing the World: The History of an Idea. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.
Author: Stephen G. Fritz
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Release Date: 2011-09-13
On June 22, 1941, Germany launched the greatest land assault in history on the Soviet Union, an attack that Adolf Hitler deemed crucial to ensure German economic and political survival. As the key theater of the war for the Germans, the eastern front consumed enormous levels of resources and accounted for 75 percent of all German casualties. Despite the significance of this campaign to Germany and to the war as a whole, few English-language publications of the last thirty-five years have addressed these pivotal events. In Ostkrieg: Hitler's War of Extermination in the East, Stephen G. Fritz bridges the gap in scholarship by incorporating historical research from the last several decades into an accessible, comprehensive, and coherent narrative. His analysis of the Russo-German War from a German perspective covers all aspects of the eastern front, demonstrating the interrelation of military events, economic policy, resource exploitation, and racial policy that first motivated the invasion. This in-depth account challenges accepted notions about World War II and promotes greater understanding of a topic that has been neglected by historians.
Author: Frank Trentmann
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2012-03-22
Genre: Business & Economics
The term 'consumption' covers the desire for goods and services, their acquisition, use, and disposal. The study of consumption has grown enormously in recent years, and it has been the subject of major historiographical debates: did the eighteenth century bring a consumer revolution? Was there a great divergence between East and West? Did the twentieth century see the triumph of global consumerism? Questions of consumption have become defining topics in all branches of history, from gender and labour history to political history and cultural studies. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption offers a timely overview of how our understanding of consumption in history has changed in the last generation, taking the reader from the ancient period to the twenty-first century. It includes chapters on Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America, brings together new perspectives, highlights cutting-edge areas of research, and offers a guide through the main historiographical developments. Contributions from leading historians examine the spaces of consumption, consumer politics, luxury and waste, nationalism and empire, the body, well-being, youth cultures, and fashion. The Handbook also showcases the different ways in which recent historians have approached the subject, from cultural and economic history to political history and technology studies, including areas where multidisciplinary approaches have been especially fruitful.
Author: Stuart K. Hayashi
Publisher: Lexington Books
Release Date: 2015-02-17
Genre: Business & Economics
Hunting Down Social Darwinism addresses the manner in which free-market advocacy is often criticized as social Darwinism. It explores the term’s meaning and the reasons such criticisms prove to be misleading. Hayashi examines whether it is fair to describe nineteenth-century free-market advocates Spencer and Sumner as social Darwinists.
Education in Eastern Europe and Eurasia provides an essential reference resource to education development and key education issues in the region. Academics and researchers working closely in the field cover education and educational development in Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Israel. Each chapter provides an overview of the development of education in the particular country, focusing on contemporary education policies and some of the problems these countries face in implementing educational reform. The book also covers the social and political issues which impact on the education system and schooling and governments' responses to recent local, regional and global events.
On a visit to the British National Archive in 2001, Sönke Neitzel made a remarkable discovery: reams of covertly recorded, meticulously transcribed conversations among German POWs during World War II that recently had been declassified. Neitzel would later find another collection of transcriptions, twice as extensive, in the National Archive in Washington, D.C. These discoveries, published in book form for the first time, would provide a unique and profoundly important window into the true mentality of the soldiers in the Wehrmacht, the Luftwaffe, the German navy, and the military in general—almost all of whom had insisted on their own honorable behavior during the war. Collaborating with renowned social psychologist Harald Welzer, Neitzel examines these conversations—and the casual, pitiless brutality omnipresent in them—to create a powerful narrative of wartime experience. [Originally published as Soldaten.]
Author: Eric C. Steinhart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2015-02-09
The German invasion of the Soviet Union during the Second World War was central to Nazi plans for territorial expansion and genocidal demographic revolution. To create 'living space', Nazi Germany pursued two policies. The first was the systematic murder of millions of Jews, Slavs, Roma, and other groups that the Nazis found undesirable on racial, religious, ethnic, ideological, hereditary, or behavioral grounds. It also pursued a parallel, albeit smaller, program to mobilize supposedly Germanic residents of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union - so-called Volksdeutsche or ethnic Germans - as the vanguard of German expansion. This study recovers the intersection of these two projects in Transnistria, a portion of southern Ukraine that, because of its numerous Volksdeutsche communities, became an epicenter of both Nazi Volksdeutsche policy and the Holocaust in conquered Soviet territory, ultimately asking why local residents, whom German authorities identified as Volksdeutsche, participated in the Holocaust with apparent enthusiasm.
Author: Daniel Jonah Goldhagen
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
Release Date: 2013-02-28
Das Standardwerk: Über die »ganz gewöhnlichen Deutschen« als Täter Daniel Goldhagen hat mit seiner Studie über die Vollstrecker des Holocaust heftige Debatten ausgelöst. Seine These: Schon lange vor Hitler war der Antisemitismus tief verwurzelt in der deutschen Gesellschaft. Es waren nicht nur einige SS-Leute, sondern ganz gewöhnliche Deutsche, die millionenfach Juden erniedrigten und ermordeten.