Site characterization is a fundamental step towards the proper design, construction and long term performance of all types of geotechnical projects, ranging from foundation, excavation, earth dams, embankments, seismic hazards, environmental issues, tunnels, near and offshore structures. The Fourth International Conference on Site Characterization (ISC’4) was held in Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco,Brazil, from 18 to 21 September 2012, under the responsibility of TC-102/TC-16 on In-Situ Testing of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE), the Brazilian Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ABMS), and the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil (UFPE). Financial support of ISC4 was provided by the Brazilian National Science and Education Councils (CNPq, CAPES and FACEPE), sponsors and exhibitors and other organizations and companies. The fourth conference followed the successful series of international conferences held in Atlanta (ISC-1, 1998), Porto (ISC-2, 2004), and Taipei (ISC-3, 2008). ISC’4 congregated several researchers, geotechnical engineers, and practitioners from all over the world involved with the conference general themes, namely practical application of novel and innovative technologies in geotechnical and geophysical engineering, along with their interpretation and utilization for the purposes of site characterization. The two volumes making up Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4 contain 8 keynote Lectures prepared by experts in the field, including the 5th James K. Mitchell Lecture presented by Dr. Peter K. Robertson, and 4 Workshop Lectures and 217 technical papers from 40 different countries. The books are divided into 11 general themes: 1. Direct-push and Borehole-type in-situ test; 2. Development of new equipment and methods; 3. New approaches for interpreting data; 4. Applications to shallow and deep foundations; 5. Special uses of in-situ tests; 6. Site investigation for infrastructure projects; 7. Geophysical; 8. Seismic ground hazards; 9. Investigation in very soft to extremely soft soils; 10. Non-textbook type geomaterials; 11. Environmental geotechnics. Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4 will be much of interest to academics, engineers and professionals involved in Geotechnical Engineering.
Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization collects the papers presented at the Third International Conference on Site Characterization (ISC’3) that took place in Taipei from April 1-4, 2008. The subjects covered include new developments in mechanical in-situ testing and interpretation techniques, statistical analysis of test data, geo-environmental site characterization, soil sampling methods, multi-dimensional geophysical imaging techniques, residual/unsaturated soil characterization, and case histories that involve major construction projects or disaster investigations. Over 200 papers, twelve keynote lectures and the third Mitchell lecture were presented at the conference. Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization provides a wealth of valuable information for practicing engineers as well as researchers worldwide.
The topic of site characterization is unique to geotechnical engineering and owes its significance directly to the variability of the natural geologic deposits on the earth’s surface. Proper site characterization requires an understanding of various field and laboratory investigation methods. The book discusses the suitability of various methods under different site conditions and presents the procedures to derive design parameters based on interpretation of test results. Recent developments in specialized site characterization methods (such as seismic hazard evaluation) are also included. Three recent case histories are presented, where site characterization played a key role. The three disparate cases include soft natural soil under static loading, coarse and fine-grained soil under seismic impact, and hazardous waste deposits under both static and seismic loading. Site investigation requirements of building codes are discussed and guidelines for preparing a typical site characterization report are presented. The book is aimed at the practicing geotechnical engineer, as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
The best way to minimize damage from earthquakes is to predict their location and effects and reinforce against those possible effects. Toward that end, this book presents prediction methods useful for the design of earthquake-resistant structures. In the first of two parts, the book deals with issues relating to the characterisation and the rational definition of seismic input. It begins with a study of earthquake records that leads to the identification of their damage potential parameters, such as the peak ground acceleration and the strong motion duration. Subsequent chapters concern themselves with the deterministic and probabilistic methodologies for producing seismic inputs. Further chapters are dedicated to the generation of artificial seismic input on the basis of stochastic or probabilistic approaches. The second part of this volume deals with the effects of ground motion on foundation elements and structural integrity. Particular emphasis is given to the interaction of foundation piles with vibrating soils, homogeneous or heterogeneous. The final two chapters are concerned with the possible connection between soil structure interaction (SSI) and structural damage. In both instances records of actual earthquake induced motion are used for such assessments.
Author: Michael A. Hicks
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-06-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Penetration Testing 2018 contains the proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing (CPT’18, Delft, The Netherlands, 21-22 June 2018), and presents the latest developments relating to the use of cone penetration testing in geotechnical engineering. It focuses on the solution of geotechnical challenges using the cone penetration test (CPT), CPT add-on measurements and companion in-situ penetration tools (such as full flow and free fall penetrometers), with an emphasis on practical experience and application of research findings. The peer-reviewed papers have been authored by academics, researchers and practitioners from many countries worldwide and cover numerous important aspects, ranging from the development of innovative theoretical and numerical methods of interpretation, to real field applications. The main topics are: interpretation of CPT results, application of the CPT, and equipment development. Cone Penetration Testing 2018 is aimed at academics, researchers, consultants, practitioners, hardware/software suppliers, certifiers and students. Cone Penetration Testing 2018 is the fourth in a series of symposia endorsed by TC102 of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). The first symposium was held in 1995 in Linköping, Sweden and the series continued in Huntington Beach, California (2010) and in Las Vegas, Nevada (2014).
This contributed volume encompasses contributions by eminent researchers in the field of geotechnical engineering. The chapters of this book are based on the keynote and sub-theme lectures delivered at the Indian Geotechnical Conference 2017. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art research and practices in different domains of geotechnical engineering in the areas of soil dynamics, earth retaining structures, ground improvement, and geotechnical and geophysical investigations. It will serve as an ideal resource for academics, researchers, practicing professionals, and students alike.
Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: WIT Press
Release Date: 2013-07-08
In earthquake-prone regions of the world it is important not only to ensure that new facilities meet optimal standards but also that existing structures and infrastructure be retrofitted and rehabilitated. As world populations concentrate in urban areas, the stakes in human life and property of such natural disasters as earthquakes becomes higher and higher. This has been driving research on advances in the field. These advances are presented biennially at a conference organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology.The advances presented at the ninth conference in the series, which began in 1991 are presented in this book. The papers cover Plates and other geological risks; Earthquake prediction; Microzoning; Remote sensing / Monitoring / Early warning systems; Seismic codes; Seismic hazard and vulnerability; Tsunamis; Seismic isolation and energy dissipation; Structural dynamics; Building performance during earthquakes; Retrofitting; Lifelines; Material mechanics and characterisation; Nonlinear numerical analysis; Performance based design; Experimental studies; Forensic analysis; Safety and security; Socio-economic issues; Insurance related issues; Innovative technologies; Case studies.
Containing the latest research on preparation for and mitigation of future earthquakes, this book addresses an area of increasing importance to many areas around the world. It contains research presented at the ninth and latest in a series of biennial conferences on the topic organised by the Wessex Institute. As world population has concentrated in urban areas, we have seen the consequences of natural disasters take an ever higher toll in human life and property. Adding to this trend, earthquake activity is being registered in areas that were not previously very active, thus the need for research into the application of technological advances to the specific area of earthquake engineering. This volume presents those advances. The papers cover Seismic Isolation and Energy Dissipation; Building Performance During Earthquakes; Nonlinear Numerical Analysis; Performance Based Design; Experimental Studies; Seismic Hazard Evaluation and Microzoning for Structural Design; Seismic Hazard Assessment; Case Studies.
Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics III comprises the contributions presented at the Third International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics (ISFOG, Oslo, Norway, 10-12 June 2015), organised by the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI). The papers address current and emerging geotechnical engineering challenges facing those working in offshore construction, design and research. Keynote papers with authors from industry and academia describe the state-ofthe-art in practice and theory, and a further 191 peer-reviewed papers describe emerging research, new design techniques and recent case studies related to the frontiers of offshore geotechnical engineering. The themes of the papers include: – Geohazards; – Soil characterisation, modelling and testing techniques; – Shallow, caisson and pile foundation technology; – Anchoring solutions; – Well, conductor and pipeline geotechnics; – Jack-up unit spudcan behaviour, and; – Reliability-based and performance-based geotechnical design. New and existing design methods and industry best practices are presented together with innovative technologies and emerging research ideas derived from a variety of numerical and theoretical investigations, experimental programmes and field experience. Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics III provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art reference for professionals and researchers in offshore, civil and maritime engineering and for soil mechanics specialists.
Develop a Greater Understanding of How and Why Surface Wave Testing Works Using examples and case studies directly drawn from the authors’ experience, Surface Wave Methods for Near-Surface Site Characterization addresses both the experimental and theoretical aspects of surface wave propagation in both forward and inverse modeling. This book accents the key facets associated with surface wave testing for near-surface site characterization. It clearly outlines the basic principles, the theoretical framework and the practical implementation of surface wave analysis. In addition, it also describes in detail the equipment and measuring devices, acquisition techniques, signal processing, forward and inverse modeling theories, and testing protocols that form the basis of modern surface wave techniques. Review Examples of Typical Applications for This Geophysical Technique Divided into eight chapters, the book explains surface wave testing principles from data measurement to interpretation. It effectively integrates several examples and case studies illustrating how different ground conditions and geological settings may influence the interpretation of data measurements. The authors accurately describe each phase of testing in addition to the guidelines for correctly performing and interpreting results. They present variants of the test within a consistent framework to facilitate comparisons, and include an in-depth discussion of the uncertainties arising at each stage of surface wave testing. Provides a comprehensive and in-depth treatment of all the steps involved in surface wave testing Discusses surface wave methods and their applications in various geotechnical conditions and geological settings Explains how surface wave measurements can be used to estimate both stiffness and dissipative properties of the ground Addresses the issue of uncertainty, which is often an overlooked problem in surface wave testing Includes examples with comparative analysis using different processing techniques and inversion algorithms Outlines advanced applications of surface wave testing such as joint inversion, underwater investigation, and Love wave analysis Written for geotechnical engineers, engineering seismologists, geophysicists, and researchers, Surface Wave Methods for Near-Surface Site Characterization offers practical guidance, and presents a thorough understanding of the basic concepts.
Author: Öz Yilmaz
Publisher: SEG Books
Release Date: 2015-05-20
The scope of engineering seismology includes geotechnical site investigations for buildings and engineering infrastructures, such as dams, levees, bridges, and tunnels, landslide and active-fault investigations, seismic microzonation, and geophysical investigations of historic buildings. These projects require multidisciplinary participation by the geologist, geophysicist, and geotechnical and earthquake engineers. A key objective of this book (SEG Investigations in Geophysics Series No. 17) by Öz Yilmaz is to encourage the specialists from these disciplines to apply the seismic method to solve the many challenging engineering problems they face. The broader scope of engineering seismology also includes exploration of earth resources, including groundwater exploration, coal and mineral exploration, and geothermal exploration. While focusing on the application of the seismic method to geotechnical site investigations, this book includes many case studies in all of the applications of engineering seismology.
Author: Jean-Sébastien L'Heureux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-09-17
Landslides in sensitive clays represent a major hazard in the northern countries of the world such as Canada, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and in the US state of Alaska. Past and recent examples of catastrophic landslides at e.g. Saint-Jean-Vianney in 1971, Rissa in 1979, Finneidfjord in 1996 and Kattmarka in 2009 have illustrated the great mobility of the remolded sensitive clays and their hazardous retrogressive potential. These events call for a better understanding of landslide in sensitive clay terrain to assist authorities with state-of-the-art hazard assessment methods, risk management schemes, mitigation measures and planning. During the last decades the elevated awareness regarding slope movement in sensitive clays has led to major advances in mapping techniques and development of highly sophisticated geotechnical and geophysical investigation tools. Great advances in numerical techniques dealing with progressive failure and landslide kinematic have also lead to increase understanding and predictability of landslides in sensitive clays and their consequences. This volume consists of the latest scientific research by international experts dealing with geological, geotechnical and geophysical aspects of slope failure in sensitive clays and focuses on understanding the full spectrum of challenges presented by landslides in such brittle materials.
Author: Ikuo Towhata
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-12-19
This fascinating new book examines the issues of earthquake geotechnical engineering in a comprehensive way. It summarizes the present knowledge on earthquake hazards and their causative mechanisms as well as a number of other relevant topics. Information obtained from earthquake damage investigation (such as ground motion, landslides, earth pressure, fault action, or liquefaction) as well as data from laboratory tests and field investigation is supplied, together with exercises/questions.