European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research

Author: Alberto Amaral
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402095058
Release Date: 2009-10-03
Genre: Education

The high level Douro seminars are now a well-established tradition in the annual activities promoted by Hedda, a European consortium of nine centres and ins- tutes devoted to research on higher education, and CIPES, its Portuguese associated centre. At the seminars, each member of a small group of invited researchers presents and discusses an original research-based paper that is revised afterwards taking into account the comments of the participating colleagues. The revised papers form the basis for the annual thematic book published by Springer in the book series called Higher Education Dynamics (HEDY). Paying tribute to the regularity of the seminars, it was decided that the volumes originating from the initiative would be collected in a ‘series in the series’ called the Douro Series. Previous seminars were dedicated to in-depth analyses of different aspects of higher education systems and institutions, including institutional governance, the emergence of managerialism, markets as instruments of public policy, cost-sharing and accessibility of students to higher education and developments in quality assurance. The present volume aims at analysing the change process which the European university is undergoing as a consequence of European integration efforts. In the case of higher education, these have materialised, amongst other things, in the - plementation of the Bologna process, while the Lisbon summit also has important consequences for the university. In March 2000, the Lisbon European Council set the goal for the EU to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based society in the world by 2010.

Europ isierung der Universit t

Author: Julia Simoleit
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658125745
Release Date: 2016-01-20
Genre: Education

Julia Simoleit untersucht die Frage, ob europäische Ziele und Programme neben der Außendarstellung auch die täglichen Praktiken und Prozesse innerhalb der Universitäten beeinflussen. Sie nimmt dafür die Ebene der individuellen Hochschulmitglieder in den Blick und prüft, wie sie europäische Hochschulpolitik verstehen, nutzen und befördern. An drei Universitäten in Deutschland, den Niederlanden und der Schweiz identifiziert die Autorin individuelle Motivationen, Strategien und Netzwerke. Die Europäisierung der Universität erscheint so als Prozess des institutionellen Wandels, der wesentliche Impulse auf der Mikroebene der Organisationsmitglieder erhält.

The Changing Role of Women in Higher Education

Author: Heather Eggins
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319424361
Release Date: 2016-10-11
Genre: Education

This book sets out to examine the changing role of women in higher education with an emphasis on academic and leadership issues. The scope of the book is international, with a wide range of contributors, whose expertise spans sociology, social science, economics, politics, public policy and linguistic studies, all of whom have a major interest in global education. The volume examines the ways in which the leadership role and academic roles of women in higher education are changing in the twenty first century, offering an up-to-date policy discussion of this area. It is in some sense a sequel to the earlier volume by the same Editor, Women as Leaders and Managers in Higher Education, but with very different emphases. The pressures now are to respond to the demands of the technological age and to those of the global economy. Today there are more highly qualified and experienced female academics, and more expectation of their gaining the highest posts. Challenges still remain, particularly in terms of the top posts, and in equal pay. The discussion of global policy issues affecting the role of women in higher education is combined with country case studies, several of which are comparative. Together they examine and unpack the particular situations of women in a wide range of higher education systems, from Brazil to the US to Europe to Africa and the Far East, noting the shift towards more flexibility, more personal choice and a greater acceptance by society of their abilities. This volume is a useful and influential addition to published work in this area, and is aimed at the intelligent general reader as well as the scholar interested in this topic.

Positioning Higher Education Institutions

Author: Rosalind M. O. Pritchard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789463006606
Release Date: 2016-09-26
Genre: Education

Higher education is of growing public and political importance for society and the economy. Globalisation is transforming it from a local and national concern into one of international significance. In order to fulfil societal, governmental and business sector needs, many universities are aiming to (re-)position themselves. The book initially considers their “compass”. They aspire to transformational planning, mission and strategy in which social justice is important, people are not treated as mere means to an end, and traditional moral positions are respected. This transformational urge is sometimes vitiated by blunt demands of new public management that overlook universities’ potential for serving the public good. The volume then addresses universities’ success in meeting their targets. Often the challenge in evaluation is the need to reconcile tensions, for example between structure and pastoral care of students; institutional competition and collaboration; roles of academics and administrators; performance-based funding versus increased differentiation. Measurement is supposed to provide discipline, align institutional and state policy, and provide a vital impetus for change. Yet many of these measurement instruments are not fully fit for purpose. They do not take sufficient account of institutional missions, either of “old” or of specialist universities; and sophisticated measurement of the student experience requires massive resources. Change and positioning have become increasingly key elements of a complex but heterogeneous sector requiring new services and upgraded instruments.

Governing Higher Education National Perspectives on Institutional Governance

Author: Alberto Amaral
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401599467
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Education

This is the most comprehensive international discussion of higher education governance ever published. It presents a critical analysis of governance issues and reforms in: Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the UK, and the USA. The book explores different theoretical perspectives and presents new empirical evidence on system and institutional governance issues.

International Perspectives on the Governance of Higher Education

Author: Jeroen Huisman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: UOM:39015078777292
Release Date: 2009-02-05
Genre: Education

Essential reading for policy makers, institutional leaders, managers, advisors, and scholars in the field of higher education, The Governance of Higher Education analyzes how higher education systems of governance have evolved in recent years. An authoritative overview that questions why some systems of governance have persisted while others have experienced patterns of change, it further looks at how governments shape the policy-making process in higher education in an effort to secure particular policy outcomes.

University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Author: Paola Mattei
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199989416
Release Date: 2014-04-02
Genre: Social Science

Financial sustainability is one of the key challenges confronting Europe's universities today. Despite the fact that universities are at the centre of knowledge creation and development, which itself is seen as one of the main engines of economic growth, public funding of higher education in most countries is not increasing or at least not increasing enough in real terms. "Democratisation of higher education" has led to the fact that the higher education budgets per student are relatively low in most European countries compared to Europe's competitors. Despite declarations of intent to increase spending on higher education and research, it is not very likely that public expenditure will grow significantly on average in Europe and therefore be able to keep up with rapidly inflating costs in the years to come. One of the reasons for this is that higher education and research have to compete with other priorities in public budgets (e.g., security, health, etc.). Furthermore, the recent economic downturn has contributed to the decision in many European countries to decrease the levels of investment in higher education and research. Such trends are particularly worrisome for universities across Europe, whose continuing dependence on public funding puts their future sustainability under pressure. New funding schemes and incentives have been discussed and introduced in many European higher education systems, including competitive funding schemes for research under the name of "excellence" policies. Despite the different national institutional configurations in Europe, higher education systems face similar demands of promoting sustainable funding models, maintaining high academic standards, and equality. Thus, financial sustainability is not an end in itself; it aims to ensure that the public university's goals are reached by guaranteeing that the institution produces sufficient income to enable it to invest in high quality education and produce equitable outcomes. For these reasons, this book analyses funding reforms from a multidimensional approach.

The Influence of International Institutions on the EU

Author: O. Costa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230369894
Release Date: 2012-04-05
Genre: Political Science

An exploration of how the EU is influenced by multilateral institutions. There has recently been a dramatic increase in interaction between the EU and multilateral institutions. This book shows that international institutions shape EU policies, as well as acting as a source of preferences and strategies for EU stances internationally.

Designing the European Union

Author: F. Laursen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230367579
Release Date: 2012-12-15
Genre: Political Science

This book outlines the content of the main treaties that form the 'constitutional' basis of the European Union and analyses changes in these over time. The EU has expanded its policy scope and taken in many more members transferring powers to common supranational institutions in a way seen nowhere else in the world.

Dynamics of Energy Governance in Europe and Russia

Author: C. Kuzemko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230370944
Release Date: 2012-03-02
Genre: Political Science

Energy in Europe and Russia is in flux. This book presents a rich set of case studies for analyzing the complex and intertwined regional dynamics of multiple actors, levels, and policy fields in energy throughout Europe and Russia, with the aim of offering an alternative view to the prevalent geopolitical or neoliberal approaches.

Changing values in Asia

Author: Nihon Kokusai Kōryū Sentā
Publisher: Nihon Kokusai Koryu Center
ISBN: STANFORD:36105028566029
Release Date: 1999-11
Genre: Political Science

This collection of essays by scholars from ten countries in Asia and elsewhere concludes that to the degree they can be delineated and identified, Asian values--often touted as the driving force behind Asia's rapid and remarkable economic strides--at a minimum failed to prevent the financial crisis.

Geschichte der Universit t in Europa

Author: Walter Rüegg
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406369537
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Education, Higher

Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Ireland and the European Union

Author: Brigid Laffan
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781137048356
Release Date: 2008-10-06
Genre: Political Science

Recent times have witnessed a dramatic turn around in Ireland's fortunes. From being a poor and peripheral state, it has emerged as a prosperous, dynamic and self-assured player among the nations of Europe. For many, the Irish experience provides a model of the potential rewards of European integration. But, just how far are changes in Irish society the result of EU membership? What difference has the EU made to Ireland and, for that matter, Ireland to the EU? This major new study of Irish-European relations provides a rich account of Ireland's membership of the EU and the impact of the EU on the institutions, policy and economy of Ireland It will be read with benefit by all who want to further understand what Europe means for Ireland and those wanting to learn from Ireland's experience in a comparative context.