Entropy Demystified

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812832269
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Electronic books

In this unique book, the reader is invited to experience the joy of appreciating something which has eluded understanding for many years OCo entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The book has a two-pronged message: first, that the second law is not infinitely incomprehensible as commonly stated in most textbooks on thermodynamics, but can, in fact, be comprehended through sheer common sense; and second, that entropy is not a mysterious quantity that has resisted understanding but a simple, familiar and easily comprehensible concept.Written in an accessible style, the book guides the reader through an abundance of dice games and examples from everyday life. The author paves the way for readers to discover for themselves what entropy is, how it changes, and, most importantly, why it always changes in one direction in a spontaneous process.In this new edition, seven simulated games are included so that the reader can actually experiment with the games described in the book. These simulated games are meant to enhance the readers'' understanding and sense of joy upon discovering the Second Law of Thermodynamics."

Entropy and the Second Law

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814623896
Release Date: 2012-05-15
Genre: Science

This book presents a clear and readable description of one of the most mysterious concepts of physics: Entropy. It contains a self-learning kit that guides the reader in understanding the concepts of entropy. In the first part, the reader is asked to play the familiar twenty-Question game. Once the reader feels comfortable with playing this game and acquires proficiency in playing the game effectively (intelligently), he or she will be able to capture the elusive and used-to-be mysterious concept of entropy. There will be no more speculative or arbitrary interpretations, nor “older” or “modern” views of entropy. This book will guide readers in choosing their own interpretation of entropy. Video intro on the Bestsellers on Entropy by Arieh Ben-Naim https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5fOsKyOlHw Request Inspection Copy Contents:Introduction: From Heat Engines to Disorder, Information Spreading, Freedom, and More…Forget about Entropy for a While, Let us Go and Play iGamesThe Astounding Emergence of the Entropy of a Classical Ideal Gas out of Shannon's Measure of InformationExamples and Their Interpretations. Challenges for any Descriptor of EntropyFinally, Let Us Discuss the Most Mysterious Second Law of Thermodynamics Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry and physics, academics and lay persons.

Entropy and the Second Law

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814623896
Release Date: 2012-05-15
Genre: Science

This book presents a clear and readable description of one of the most mysterious concepts of physics: Entropy. It contains a self-learning kit that guides the reader in understanding the concepts of entropy. In the first part, the reader is asked to play the familiar twenty-Question game. Once the reader feels comfortable with playing this game and acquires proficiency in playing the game effectively (intelligently), he or she will be able to capture the elusive and used-to-be mysterious concept of entropy. There will be no more speculative or arbitrary interpretations, nor “older” or “modern” views of entropy. This book will guide readers in choosing their own interpretation of entropy. Video intro on the Bestsellers on Entropy by Arieh Ben-Naim https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5fOsKyOlHw Request Inspection Copy Contents:Introduction: From Heat Engines to Disorder, Information Spreading, Freedom, and More…Forget about Entropy for a While, Let us Go and Play iGamesThe Astounding Emergence of the Entropy of a Classical Ideal Gas out of Shannon's Measure of InformationExamples and Their Interpretations. Challenges for any Descriptor of EntropyFinally, Let Us Discuss the Most Mysterious Second Law of Thermodynamics Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry and physics, academics and lay persons.

TIME S ARROW The Timeless Nature of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 9781483486864
Release Date: 2018-06-19
Genre:

This book is unique in the following senses: First, it provides three different, but equivalent definitions of Entropy. Second, it provides a simple, valid, and proven interpretation of Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics based on Shannon's Measure of Information. Third, this is the only book that proves that Entropy is not a function of time. It also shows that Clausius had over-generalized when he formulated the Second Law, and that Boltzmann, misinterpreted his own H-Theorem.

Alice s Adventures in Water land

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814338974
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Electronic books

This highly illustrated book describes the properties of liquid water and the relevance of these properties to life, in a way that makes the content accessible to anyone. It will raise the awareness of the reader on the vital importance of water to all life on earth. It is a book of science interwoven into the fabric of a story. There are very few books on water aimed at the general public. This volume will appeal to both adults and students with its superb delivery of scientific knowledge in highly accessible prose.

The Protein Folding Problem and Its Solutions

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814436356
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

This book presents a new approach to the Protein Folding Problem. It starts with a clear description of what the protein folding problem involves. Then, it suggests non-conventional answers to some of the questions posed. In particular, it emphasizes the importance of hydrophilic interactions and hydrophilic forces, rather than the hydrophobic effects, for the stability of the native structure of proteins, as well for the speed of the folding process.

A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances

Author: Pradyot Patnaik
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470134948
Release Date: 2007-07-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The definitive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical compounds Correlating chemical structure with toxicity to humans and the environment, and the chemical structure of compounds to their hazardous properties, A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition allows users to assess the toxicity of a substance even when no experimental data exists. Thus, it bridges the gap between hazardous materials and chemistry. Extensively updated and expanded, this reference: Examines organics, metals and inorganics, industrial solvents, common gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive substances, covering everything from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to handling and disposal practices Arranges hazardous chemical substances according to their chemical structures and functional groups for easy reference Includes updated information on the toxic, flammable, and explosive properties of chemical substances Covers additional metals in the chapters on toxic and reactive metals Updates the threshold exposure limits in the workplace air for a number of substances Features the latest information on industrial solvents and toxic and flammable gases Includes numerous tables, formulas, and a glossary for quick reference Because it provides information that enables those with a chemistry background to perform assessments without prior data, this comprehensive reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, as well as industrial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat professionals, and others in related fields.

Understanding Molecular Simulation

Author: Daan Frenkel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080519989
Release Date: 2001-10-19
Genre: Science

Understanding Molecular Simulation: From Algorithms to Applications explains the physics behind the "recipes" of molecular simulation for materials science. Computer simulators are continuously confronted with questions concerning the choice of a particular technique for a given application. A wide variety of tools exist, so the choice of technique requires a good understanding of the basic principles. More importantly, such understanding may greatly improve the efficiency of a simulation program. The implementation of simulation methods is illustrated in pseudocodes and their practical use in the case studies used in the text. Since the first edition only five years ago, the simulation world has changed significantly -- current techniques have matured and new ones have appeared. This new edition deals with these new developments; in particular, there are sections on: · Transition path sampling and diffusive barrier crossing to simulaterare events · Dissipative particle dynamic as a course-grained simulation technique · Novel schemes to compute the long-ranged forces · Hamiltonian and non-Hamiltonian dynamics in the context constant-temperature and constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulations · Multiple-time step algorithms as an alternative for constraints · Defects in solids · The pruned-enriched Rosenbluth sampling, recoil-growth, and concerted rotations for complex molecules · Parallel tempering for glassy Hamiltonians Examples are included that highlight current applications and the codes of case studies are available on the World Wide Web. Several new examples have been added since the first edition to illustrate recent applications. Questions are included in this new edition. No prior knowledge of computer simulation is assumed.

The Briefest History of Time

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814749850
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Science

The aim of this book is to explain in simple language what we know about time and about the history of time. It is shown that the briefest (as well as the lengthiest) history of time can be described in one or two pages.The second purpose of the book is to show that neither entropy, nor the Second Law of Thermodynamics has anything to do with time. The third purpose is to educate the lay reader how to read popular science books, critically. Towards this goal, detailed reviews of four books on time are presented.There are many popular science books on Time, on the beginning of Time and the end of Time. This book is unique in the following two senses:

Proteins Concepts in Biochemistry

Author: Paulo Almeida
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 9781317285434
Release Date: 2016-03-16
Genre: Science

Proteins: Concepts in Biochemistry teaches the biochemical concepts underlying protein structure, evolution, stability and folding, and explains how interactions in macromolecular structures determine protein function. Intended for a one-semester course in biochemistry or biophysical chemistry with a focus on proteins, this textbook emphasizes the logic underlying biophysical chemical principles. Problems throughout the book encourage statistical and quantitative thinking. The text is ideal for senior undergraduates, first year graduate students, and practitioners in chemistry, biochemistry, biology, and biophysics.

Entropy

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813147679
Release Date: 2016-10-10
Genre: Science

This book discusses the proper definitions of entropy, the valid interpretation of entropy and some useful applications of the concept of entropy. Unlike many books which apply the concept of entropy to systems for which it is not even defined (such as living systems, black holes and the entire universe), these applications will help the reader to understand the meaning of entropy. It also emphasizes the limitations of the applicability of the concept of entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As with the previous books by the author, this book aims at a clear and mystery-free presentation of the central concept in thermodynamics — the entropy.In this book, the concepts of entropy and the Second Law are presented in a friendly, simple language. It is devoid of all kinds of fancy and pompous statements made by authors of popular science books who write on this subject.

Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology

Author: Michael Fry
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128021088
Release Date: 2016-06-10
Genre: Science

Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology critically considers breakthrough experiments that have constituted major turning points in the birth and evolution of molecular biology. These experiments laid the foundations to molecular biology by uncovering the major players in the machinery of inheritance and biological information handling such as DNA, RNA, ribosomes, and proteins. Landmark Experiments in Molecular Biology combines an historical survey of the development of ideas, theories, and profiles of leading scientists with detailed scientific and technical analysis. Includes detailed analysis of classically designed and executed experiments Incorporates technical and scientific analysis along with historical background for a robust understanding of molecular biology discoveries Provides critical analysis of the history of molecular biology to inform the future of scientific discovery Examines the machinery of inheritance and biological information handling

Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Author: C. J. Adkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521274567
Release Date: 1983-07-14
Genre: Science

Equilibrium Thermodynamics gives a comprehensive but concise course in the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics. Although the subject is essentially classical in nature, illustrative material is drawn widely from modern physics and free use is made of microscopic ideas to illuminate it. The overriding objective in writing the book was to achieve a clear exposition: to give an account of the subject that it both stimulating and easy to learn from. Classical thermodynamics has such wide application that it can be taught in many ways. The terms of reference for Equilibrium Thermodynamics are primarily those of the undergraduate physicist; but it is also suitable for courses in chemistry, engineering, materials science etc. The subject is usually taught in the first or second year of an undergraduate course, but the book takes the student to degree standard (and beyond). Prerequisites are elementary or school-level thermal physics.