Entropy Demystified

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812832269
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Electronic books

In this unique book, the reader is invited to experience the joy of appreciating something which has eluded understanding for many years OCo entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The book has a two-pronged message: first, that the second law is not infinitely incomprehensible as commonly stated in most textbooks on thermodynamics, but can, in fact, be comprehended through sheer common sense; and second, that entropy is not a mysterious quantity that has resisted understanding but a simple, familiar and easily comprehensible concept.Written in an accessible style, the book guides the reader through an abundance of dice games and examples from everyday life. The author paves the way for readers to discover for themselves what entropy is, how it changes, and, most importantly, why it always changes in one direction in a spontaneous process.In this new edition, seven simulated games are included so that the reader can actually experiment with the games described in the book. These simulated games are meant to enhance the readers'' understanding and sense of joy upon discovering the Second Law of Thermodynamics."

Entropy and the Second Law

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814623896
Release Date: 2012-05-15
Genre: Science

This book presents a clear and readable description of one of the most mysterious concepts of physics: Entropy. It contains a self-learning kit that guides the reader in understanding the concepts of entropy. In the first part, the reader is asked to play the familiar twenty-Question game. Once the reader feels comfortable with playing this game and acquires proficiency in playing the game effectively (intelligently), he or she will be able to capture the elusive and used-to-be mysterious concept of entropy. There will be no more speculative or arbitrary interpretations, nor “older” or “modern” views of entropy. This book will guide readers in choosing their own interpretation of entropy. Video intro on the Bestsellers on Entropy by Arieh Ben-Naim https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5fOsKyOlHw Request Inspection Copy Contents:Introduction: From Heat Engines to Disorder, Information Spreading, Freedom, and More…Forget about Entropy for a While, Let us Go and Play iGamesThe Astounding Emergence of the Entropy of a Classical Ideal Gas out of Shannon's Measure of InformationExamples and Their Interpretations. Challenges for any Descriptor of EntropyFinally, Let Us Discuss the Most Mysterious Second Law of Thermodynamics Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry and physics, academics and lay persons.

Alice s Adventures in Water land

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814338967
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Science

Quickly learn essential Civil 3D tools and techniques Get a thorough introduction to AutoCAD Civil 3D, the industry-leading engineering software used to design roads, highways, subdivisions, drainage and sewer systems, and more. This Autodesk Official Press book is a unique learning resource that features concise, straightforward explanations and real-world, hands-on exercises and tutorials. With compelling full-color screenshots and approachable exercises that demonstrate core features and functions, the book helps you gain understanding and confidence as you master this premiere civil engineering software. Introduces the software's interface and foundational concepts Follows a workflow-based approach that mirrors how projects progress in the real world, and guides you through importing and working with field survey data, managing point data with groups and styles, and modeling terrain using surfaces Covers creating and editing alignments and profiles, designing 3D road models, building and analyzing terrain models, designing and analyzing pipe networks, and much more Shows how to estimate quantities and create construction documentation Provides information to help you prepare for the Civil 3D certification exam AutoCAD Civil 3D Essentials is the perfect, real-world introduction to the powerful civil engineering software.

Molecular Theory of Solutions

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199299690
Release Date: 2006-07-27
Genre: Science

This book presents new and updated developments in the molecular theory of mixtures and solutions. It is based on the theory of Kirkwood and Buff which was published more than fifty years ago. This theory has been dormant for almost two decades. It has recently become a very powerful and general tool to analyze, study and understand any type of mixtures from the molecular, or the microscopic point of view. The traditional approach to mixture has been, for many years, based on the study of excess thermodynamic quantities. This provides a kind of global information on the system. The new approach provides information on the local properties of the same system. Thus, the new approach supplements and enriches our information on mixtures and solutions.

A Student s Guide to Entropy

Author: Don S. Lemons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107470040
Release Date: 2013-08-29
Genre: Science

Striving to explore the subject in as simple a manner as possible, this book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy. Innovative aspects of the book include the construction of statistical entropy from desired properties, the derivation of the entropy of classical systems from purely classical assumptions, and a statistical thermodynamics approach to the ideal Fermi and ideal Bose gases. Derivations are worked through step-by-step and important applications are highlighted in over 20 worked examples. Around 50 end-of-chapter exercises test readers' understanding. The book also features a glossary giving definitions for all essential terms, a time line showing important developments, and list of books for further study. It is an ideal supplement to undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.

Entropy and the Second Law

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814623896
Release Date: 2012-05-15
Genre: Science

This book presents a clear and readable description of one of the most mysterious concepts of physics: Entropy. It contains a self-learning kit that guides the reader in understanding the concepts of entropy. In the first part, the reader is asked to play the familiar twenty-Question game. Once the reader feels comfortable with playing this game and acquires proficiency in playing the game effectively (intelligently), he or she will be able to capture the elusive and used-to-be mysterious concept of entropy. There will be no more speculative or arbitrary interpretations, nor “older” or “modern” views of entropy. This book will guide readers in choosing their own interpretation of entropy. Video intro on the Bestsellers on Entropy by Arieh Ben-Naim https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5fOsKyOlHw Request Inspection Copy Contents:Introduction: From Heat Engines to Disorder, Information Spreading, Freedom, and More…Forget about Entropy for a While, Let us Go and Play iGamesThe Astounding Emergence of the Entropy of a Classical Ideal Gas out of Shannon's Measure of InformationExamples and Their Interpretations. Challenges for any Descriptor of EntropyFinally, Let Us Discuss the Most Mysterious Second Law of Thermodynamics Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry and physics, academics and lay persons.

TIME S ARROW The Timeless Nature of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 9781483486864
Release Date: 2018-06-19
Genre:

This book is unique in the following senses: First, it provides three different, but equivalent definitions of Entropy. Second, it provides a simple, valid, and proven interpretation of Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics based on Shannon's Measure of Information. Third, this is the only book that proves that Entropy is not a function of time. It also shows that Clausius had over-generalized when he formulated the Second Law, and that Boltzmann, misinterpreted his own H-Theorem.

Information Entropy Life and the Universe

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814651664
Release Date: 2015
Genre: Science

The aim of this book is to explain in simple language what we know and what we do not know about information and entropy -- two of the most frequently discussed topics in recent literature -- and whether they are relevant to life and the entire universe. Entropy is commonly interpreted as a measure of disorder. This interpretation has caused a great amount of "disorder" in the literature. One of the aims of this book is to put some "order" in this "disorder." The book explains with minimum amount of mathematics what information theory is and how it is related to thermodynamic entropy. Then it critically examines the application of these concepts to the question of "What is life?" and whether or not they can be applied to the entire universe.

Understanding Molecular Simulation

Author: Daan Frenkel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080519989
Release Date: 2001-10-19
Genre: Science

Understanding Molecular Simulation: From Algorithms to Applications explains the physics behind the "recipes" of molecular simulation for materials science. Computer simulators are continuously confronted with questions concerning the choice of a particular technique for a given application. A wide variety of tools exist, so the choice of technique requires a good understanding of the basic principles. More importantly, such understanding may greatly improve the efficiency of a simulation program. The implementation of simulation methods is illustrated in pseudocodes and their practical use in the case studies used in the text. Since the first edition only five years ago, the simulation world has changed significantly -- current techniques have matured and new ones have appeared. This new edition deals with these new developments; in particular, there are sections on: · Transition path sampling and diffusive barrier crossing to simulaterare events · Dissipative particle dynamic as a course-grained simulation technique · Novel schemes to compute the long-ranged forces · Hamiltonian and non-Hamiltonian dynamics in the context constant-temperature and constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulations · Multiple-time step algorithms as an alternative for constraints · Defects in solids · The pruned-enriched Rosenbluth sampling, recoil-growth, and concerted rotations for complex molecules · Parallel tempering for glassy Hamiltonians Examples are included that highlight current applications and the codes of case studies are available on the World Wide Web. Several new examples have been added since the first edition to illustrate recent applications. Questions are included in this new edition. No prior knowledge of computer simulation is assumed.

The Neurophysics of Human Behavior

Author: Mark E. Furman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420040432
Release Date: 2000-06-22
Genre: Psychology

How do brain, mind, matter, and energy interact? Can we create a comprehensive model of the mind and brain, their interactions, and their influences? Synthesizing research from neuroscience, physics, biology, systems science, information science, psychology, and the cognitive sciences, The Neurophysics of Human Behavior advances a unified theory of brain, mind, behavior and information. This groundbreaking work helps you more deeply understand, more accurately predict, and more effectively change human behavior - a significant contribution to the fields of psychology, education, medicine, communications, and human relations. Cognitive neurophysics, as detailed in this work, presents an integrated perspective of brain, mind, behavior, thoughts, and nature. The distinguished authors emphasize the need to view psychological science - and our image of the "self" - in the context of the physical world: matter, energy, and natural laws. NeuroPrint is the powerful application model of this perspective. This comprehensive, detailed algorithm defines the network of interactions that develop brain, mind, behavior, thoughts, and emotions and redefines the meaning of psychotherapeutic intervention. The Neurophysics of Human Behavior gives the background, tools, and methods for intervention and modeling. It outlines the systematic, behavioral approach of NeuroPrint, promising to promote a deep understanding of the process of human change. Using The Neurophysics of Human Behavior, practitioners and researchers can plot and gauge the paths of change in neurocognitive dynamics and the improvements in mental health.

The Protein Folding Problem and Its Solutions

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814436356
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

This book presents a new approach to the Protein Folding Problem. It starts with a clear description of what the protein folding problem involves. Then, it suggests non-conventional answers to some of the questions posed. In particular, it emphasizes the importance of hydrophilic interactions and hydrophilic forces, rather than the hydrophobic effects, for the stability of the native structure of proteins, as well for the speed of the folding process.

Stalking the Black Swan

Author: Kenneth A. Posner
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231521677
Release Date: 2010-03-31
Genre: Business & Economics

Kenneth A. Posner spent close to two decades as a Wall Street analyst, tracking the so-called "specialty finance" sector, which included controversial companies such as Countrywide, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, CIT, and MasterCard many of which were caught in the subprime mortgage and capital markets crisis of 2007. While extreme volatility is nothing new in finance, the recent downturn caught many off guard, indicating that the traditional approach to decision making had let them down. Introducing a new framework for handling and evaluating extreme risk, Posner draws on years of experience to show how decision makers can best cope with the "Black Swans" of our time. Posner's shrewd assessment combines the classic fundamental research approach of Benjamin Graham and David Dodd with more recent developments in cognitive science, computational theory, and quantitative finance. He outlines a probabilistic approach to decision making that involves forecasting across a range of scenarios, and he explains how to balance confidence, react accurately to fast-breaking information, overcome information overload, zero in on the critical issues, penetrate the information asymmetry shielding corporate executives, and integrate the power of human intuition with sophisticated analytics. Emphasizing the computational resources we already have at our disposal our computers and our minds Posner offers a new track to decision making for analysts, investors, traders, corporate executives, risk managers, regulators, policymakers, journalists, and anyone who faces a world of extreme volatility.

The Briefest History of Time

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814749850
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Science

The aim of this book is to explain in simple language what we know about time and about the history of time. It is shown that the briefest (as well as the lengthiest) history of time can be described in one or two pages.The second purpose of the book is to show that neither entropy, nor the Second Law of Thermodynamics has anything to do with time. The third purpose is to educate the lay reader how to read popular science books, critically. Towards this goal, detailed reviews of four books on time are presented.There are many popular science books on Time, on the beginning of Time and the end of Time. This book is unique in the following two senses: