Author: Marlin L. Bowles
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1996-06-06
As the human impact on the earth leads to ever increasing environmental degradation, the restoration of dwindling populations of numerous plant and animal species has become urgent. In this volume, contributors examine the conceptual, planning, and applied aspects of recovery of rare or endangered species. It is unique in its treatment of both plants and animals, and in its presentation of scientific approaches to implemented restorations. Experts report on the restoration efforts and plans for the restoration of a wide variety of species including the dune thistle, lakeside daisy, woodland caribou, kit fox, and black-footed ferret and end with a broad overview, suggesting future opportunities and problems.
Author: Tim Clark
Publisher: Island Press
Release Date: 1994-10-01
Endangered Species Recovery presents case studies of prominent species recovery programs in an attempt to explore and analyze their successes, failures, and problems, and to begin to find ways of improving the process. It is the first effort to engage social scientists as well as biologists in a wide-ranging analysis and discussion of endangered species conservation, and provides valuable insight into the policy and implementation framework of species recovery programs. The book features a unique integration of case studies with theory, and provides sound, practical ideas for improving endangered species policy implementation.
Author: Brian Czech
Publisher: JHU Press
Release Date: 2001-03-12
Since the 1970s, the Endangered Species Act (ESA), by virtue of its regulatory impact, has been a frequent subject of policy analysis. In this comprehensive history and critique of the ESA, Brian Czech and Paul R. Krausman incorporate the new model of policy design theory to frame a larger discussion about conservation biology and American democracy. Czech and Krausman provide a historical background of endangered species policy that integrates natural history, socioeconomic trends, political movements, and professional developments. Outlining the controversies surrounding the ESA, they find a connection between challenges to species conservation and challenges to democracy. After an assessment of ESA analyses that have been performed from traditional perspectives, they engage policy design theory to review the structural logic of the ESA, analyzing each clause of the legislation for its application of the fundamental elements of democracy. To address the technical legitimacy of ESA, they propose two new genetic considerations—functional genome size and molecular clock speed—to supplement phylogenetic distinctiveness as criteria with which to prioritize species for conservation. Next, they systematically describe the socioeconomic context of ESA by assessing and classifying the causes of species endangerment. A hybrid of policy analysis and ecological assessment, The Endangered Species Act: History, Conservation Biology, and Public Policy will appeal to scholars and students in the fields of natural resource policy and law, conservation biology, political science, wildlife ecology, and environmental history, and to professionals at agencies involved in wildlife conservation.
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 1995-10-13
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is a far-reaching law that has sparked intense controversies over the use of public lands, the rights of property owners, and economic versus environmental benefits. In this volume a distinguished committee focuses on the science underlying the ESA and offers recommendations for making the act more effective. The committee provides an overview of what scientists know about extinction--and what this understanding means to implementation of the ESA. Habitat--its destruction, conservation, and fundamental importance to the ESA--is explored in detail. The book analyzes Concepts of species--how the term "species" arose and how it has been interpreted for purposes of the ESA. Conflicts between species when individual species are identified for protection, including several case studies. Assessment of extinction risk and decisions under the ESA--how these decisions can be made more effectively. The book concludes with a look beyond the Endangered Species Act and suggests additional means of biological conservation and ways to reduce conflicts. It will be useful to policymakers, regulators, scientists, natural-resource managers, industry and environmental organizations, and those interested in biological conservation.
Author: Anne Elizabeth Maczulak
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Release Date: 2010
Discusses the origin and evolution of life on Earth, the effects of pollution and its relation to climate change, the importance of biodiversity, and the need to save endangered and threatened species.
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 protects plant and animal species that are either facing extinction or are likely to face extinction in the foreseeable future and protects the ecosystems upon which they depend. It includes provisions for listing species that need protection, designating habitat deemed critical to a species' survival, developing recovery plans, and protecting species against harm. Over the last 10 years, the auditor has reported on many of the major program areas of the ESA -- listing, critical habitat, recovery, and the consultation process by which fed. agencies ensure that their actions do not cause harm to listed species. This report discusses recommend. that have and have not been implemented. Charts and tables.
Author: Jason F. Shogren
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Release Date: 1998
Our whole nation benefits from the preservation of natural habitats and their diversity of animal and plant species—yet small groups of private landowners often bear most of the costs of setting land aside for conservation purposes. This imbalance has generated many conflicts since the passage of the Endangered Species Act in 1973 and remains one of the most controversial issues to be resolved as the ESA makes its way through Congress for reauthorization. To provide policy makers, landowners, and other stakeholders in the ESA debates with impartial baseline information, this book offers multidisciplinary perspectives on the role that private property plays in protecting endangered species in the United States. The opening chapter traces the evolution of the ESA and set forth the parameters of the debate over regulation of private property. Four subsequent chapters explore the judicial and economic implications of ESA and suggest how issues of scale and diversity affect the implementation of the ESA on private property. The volume concludes with eight principles to help frame the ongoing ESA reauthorization debate, developed by the University of Wyoming's Institute for Environment and Natural Resources Policy Board, the sponsor of the research presented in this book.
Author: Donald C. Baur
Publisher: American Bar Association
Release Date: 2010
"As Secretary of the Interior, implementing the Endangered Species Act was one of my most important, and challenging, responsibilities. All who deal with this complex and critical law need a clear and comprehensive guide to its provisions, interpretation, and implementation. With chapters written by some of the foremost practitioners in the field, the new edition of Endangered Species Act: Law, Policy, and Perspectives is an essential reference for conservationists and the regulated community and the attorneys who represent them."---Bruce Babbbitt, former Secretary of the Interior "In January 1973, when i introduced in Congress the bill that would become the Endangered Species Act, I described it as one of the most important pieces of legislation needed if we were to conserve, protect, and propagate our thereatened fish and our wildlife resources, which were diminishing too rapidly. I am proud to have introduced the original bill and even prouder that, in the ensuing years, the Endangered Species Act has saved hundreds of species from extinction. We have learned much along the way about the conservation of endangered species, the needs of the regulated community, and how the Endangered Species Act can successfully reconcile the two. It is important that we have a comprehensive understanding of the problems and potential of this landmark law."---John D. Dingell, U.S. House of Representatives, Michigan "Possibly the single most effective legislative effort of modern times to ensure that our children and grandchildren can enjoy the blessings of nature that were passed on to our generation was the enactment of the landmark Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973. The ESA has allowed the United States to make great advances in protecting the web of life that enables the intricate coexistence of man, plant, and animal. In my role as Chairman of the House Committee on Natural Resources, I recognize the role of the Endangered Species Act in helping us to fulfill our stewardship responsibilities while balancing local concerns and economic needs. Understanding how the ESA works is essential to its continued success."---Nick J. Rahall, II, U.S. House of Representatives, West Virginia "After a lifetime of studying, writing about, and being amazed by the diversity of life, I remain convinced that failing to do everything we can to protect it is the folly future generations are least likely to forgive us. The Endangered Species Act is one of the most far-sighted and important laws ever adopted. A thorough understanding of how the law works, the major policy issues surrounding it, and how to resolve those issues will ensure the law's continued success in protecting biodiversity. Endangered Species Act: Law, Policy, and Perspectives provides readers with the needed insight to this critically important law."---Edward O. Wilson, University Research Professor Emeritus at Harvard University and Honorary Curator in Entomology at the Museum of Comparative Zoology
This is an abridged and updated version of the award-winning publication 'Virginia's Endangered Species' (1991). An introduction summarises Virginia's natural habitats, conservation laws, and the responsibilities of the various state agencies involved in the conservation of biotic diversity in the Commonwealth. Most of the book consists of one-page descriptions and discussions of those species of plant and animal that are officially listed as endangered or threatened in Virginia. A beautiful colour photograph and map of occurrence is provided for almost every species. This guide is written in a style and format that will be enjoyed and understood by both professionals and laypersons. Its size, conciseness, and price make it an especially versatile, accessible, and useable reference and field tool for all who are interested in understanding and protecting Virginia's vulnerable natural heritage. The entries are from accounts prepared by more than 80 biologists from throughout Virginia. It contains the most current information available in printed form on the subject of vulnerable species in Virginia.