Defect Oriented Testing for CMOS Analog and Digital Circuits

Author: Manoj Sachdev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475749267
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Defect oriented testing is expected to play a significant role in coming generations of technology. Smaller feature sizes and larger die sizes will make ICs more sensitive to defects that can not be modeled by traditional fault modeling approaches. Furthermore, with increased level of integration, an IC may contain diverse building blocks. Such blocks include, digital logic, PLAs, volatile and non-volatile memories, and analog interfaces. For such diverse building blocks, traditional fault modeling and test approaches will become increasingly inadequate. Defect oriented testing methods have come a long way from a mere interesting academic exercise to a hard industrial reality. Many factors have contributed to its industrial acceptance. Traditional approaches of testing modern integrated circuits (ICs) have been found to be inadequate in terms of quality and economics of test. In a globally competitive semiconductor market place, overall product quality and economics have become very important objectives. In addition, electronic systems are becoming increasingly complex and demand components of highest possible quality. Testing, in general and, defect oriented testing, in particular, help in realizing these objectives. Defect Oriented Testing for CMOS Analog and Digital Circuits is the first book to provide a complete overview of the subject. It is essential reading for all design and test professionals as well as researchers and students working in the field. `A strength of this book is its breadth. Types of designs considered include analog and digital circuits, programmable logic arrays, and memories. Having a fault model does not automatically provide a test. Sometimes, design for testability hardware is necessary. Many design for testability ideas, supported by experimental evidence, are included.' ... from the Foreword by Vishwani D. Agrawal

Defect Oriented Testing for Nano Metric CMOS VLSI Circuits

Author: Manoj Sachdev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387465470
Release Date: 2007-06-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The 2nd edition of defect oriented testing has been extensively updated. New chapters on Functional, Parametric Defect Models and Inductive fault Analysis and Yield Engineering have been added to provide a link between defect sources and yield. The chapter on RAM testing has been updated with focus on parametric and SRAM stability testing. Similarly, newer material has been incorporated in digital fault modeling and analog testing chapters. The strength of Defect Oriented Testing for nano-Metric CMOS VLSIs lies in its industrial relevance.

Essentials of Electronic Testing for Digital Memory and Mixed Signal VLSI Circuits

Author: M. Bushnell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306470400
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The modern electronic testing has a forty year history. Test professionals hold some fairly large conferences and numerous workshops, have a journal, and there are over one hundred books on testing. Still, a full course on testing is offered only at a few universities, mostly by professors who have a research interest in this area. Apparently, most professors would not have taken a course on electronic testing when they were students. Other than the computer engineering curriculum being too crowded, the major reason cited for the absence of a course on electronic testing is the lack of a suitable textbook. For VLSI the foundation was provided by semiconductor device techn- ogy, circuit design, and electronic testing. In a computer engineering curriculum, therefore, it is necessary that foundations should be taught before applications. The field of VLSI has expanded to systems-on-a-chip, which include digital, memory, and mixed-signalsubsystems. To our knowledge this is the first textbook to cover all three types of electronic circuits. We have written this textbook for an undergraduate “foundations” course on electronic testing. Obviously, it is too voluminous for a one-semester course and a teacher will have to select from the topics. We did not restrict such freedom because the selection may depend upon the individual expertise and interests. Besides, there is merit in having a larger book that will retain its usefulness for the owner even after the completion of the course. With equal tenacity, we address the needs of three other groups of readers.

High Performance Memory Testing

Author: R. Dean Adams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306479724
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Are memory applications more critical than they have been in the past? Yes, but even more critical is the number of designs and the sheer number of bits on each design. It is assured that catastrophes, which were avoided in the past because memories were small, will easily occur if the design and test engineers do not do their jobs very carefully. High Performance Memory Testing: Design Principles, Fault Modeling and Self Test is based on the author's 20 years of experience in memory design, memory reliability development and memory self test. High Performance Memory Testing: Design Principles, Fault Modeling and Self Test is written for the professional and the researcher to help them understand the memories that are being tested.

A Designer s Guide to Built In Self Test

Author: Charles E. Stroud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306475047
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

A recent technological advance is the art of designing circuits to test themselves, referred to as a Built-In Self-Test. This book is written from a designer's perspective and describes the major BIST approaches that have been proposed and implemented, along with their advantages and limitations.

Fault Injection Techniques and Tools for Embedded Systems Reliability Evaluation

Author: Alfredo Benso
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306487118
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This is a comprehensive guide to fault injection techniques used to evaluate the dependability of a digital system. The description and the critical analysis of different fault injection techniques and tools are authored by key scientists in the field of system dependability and fault tolerance.

Test Resource Partitioning for System on a Chip

Author: Krishnendu Chakrabarty
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402071191
Release Date: 2002-06-30
Genre: Computers

Test Resource Partitioning for System-on-a-Chip is about test resource partitioning and optimization techniques for plug-and-play system-on-a-chip (SOC) test automation. Plug-and-play refers to the paradigm in which core-to-core interfaces as well as core-to-SOC logic interfaces are standardized, such that cores can be easily plugged into "virtual sockets" on the SOC design, and core tests can be plugged into the SOC during test without substantial effort on the part of the system integrator. The goal of the book is to position test resource partitioning in the context of SOC test automation, as well as to generate interest and motivate research on this important topic. SOC integrated circuits composed of embedded cores are now commonplace. Nevertheless, There remain several roadblocks to rapid and efficient system integration. Test development is seen as a major bottleneck in SOC design, and test challenges are a major contributor to the widening gap between design capability and manufacturing capacity. Testing SOCs is especially challenging in the absence of standardized test structures, test automation tools, and test protocols. Test Resource Partitioning for System-on-a-Chip responds to a pressing need for a structured methodology for SOC test automation. It presents new techniques for the partitioning and optimization of the three major SOC test resources: test hardware, testing time and test data volume. Test Resource Partitioning for System-on-a-Chip paves the way for a powerful integrated framework to automate the test flow for a large number of cores in an SOC in a plug-and-play fashion. The framework presented allows the system integrator to reduce test cost and meet short time-to-market requirements.

Power Constrained Testing of VLSI Circuits

Author: Nicola Nicolici
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306487316
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This text focuses on techniques for minimizing power dissipation during test application at logic and register-transfer levels of abstraction of the VLSI design flow. It surveys existing techniques and presents several test automation techniques for reducing power in scan-based sequential circuits and BIST data paths.

Digital Logic Testing and Simulation

Author: Alexander Miczo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471457779
Release Date: 2003-10-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Your road map for meeting today's digital testing challenges Today, digital logic devices are common in products that impact public safety, including applications in transportation and human implants. Accurate testing has become more critical to reliability, safety, and the bottom line. Yet, as digital systems become more ubiquitous and complex, the challenge of testing them has become more difficult. As one development group designing a RISC stated, "the work required to . . . test a chip of this size approached the amount of effort required to design it." A valued reference for nearly two decades, Digital Logic Testing and Simulation has been significantly revised and updated for designers and test engineers who must meet this challenge. There is no single solution to the testing problem. Organized in an easy-to-follow, sequential format, this Second Edition familiarizes the reader with the many different strategies for testing and their applications, and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the various approaches. The book reviews the building blocks of a successful testing strategy and guides the reader on choosing the best solution for a particular application. Digital Logic Testing and Simulation, Second Edition covers such key topics as: * Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) and cycle-based simulation * Tester architectures/Standard Test Interface Language (STIL) * Practical algorithms written in a Hardware Design Language (HDL) * Fault tolerance * Behavioral Automatic Test Pattern Generation (ATPG) * The development of the Test Design Expert (TDX), the many obstacles encountered and lessons learned in creating this novel testing approach Up-to-date and comprehensive, Digital Logic Testing and Simulation is an important resource for anyone charged with pinpointing faulty products and assuring quality, safety, and profitability.

Advances in Electronic Testing

Author: Dimitris Gizopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387294094
Release Date: 2006-01-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This is a new type of edited volume in the Frontiers in Electronic Testing book series devoted to recent advances in electronic circuits testing. The book is a comprehensive elaboration on important topics which capture major research and development efforts today. "Hot" topics of current interest to test technology community have been selected, and the authors are key contributors in the corresponding topics.

Design for AT Speed Test Diagnosis and Measurement

Author: Benoit Nadeau-Dostie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306475443
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Design for AT-Speed Test, Diagnosis and Measurement is the first book to offer practical and proven design-for-testability (DFT) solutions to chip and system design engineers, test engineers and product managers at the silicon level as well as at the board and systems levels. Designers will see how the implementation of embedded test enables simplification of silicon debug and system bring-up. Test engineers will determine how embedded test provides a superior level of at-speed test, diagnosis and measurement without exceeding the capabilities of their equipment. Product managers will learn how the time, resources and costs associated with test development, manufacture cost and lifecycle maintenance of their products can be significantly reduced by designing embedded test in the product. A complete design flow and analysis of the impact of embedded test on a design makes this book a `must read' before any DFT is attempted.

On Line Testing for VLSI

Author: Michael Nicolaidis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475760699
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Test functions (fault detection, diagnosis, error correction, repair, etc.) that are applied concurrently while the system continues its intended function are defined as on-line testing. In its expanded scope, on-line testing includes the design of concurrent error checking subsystems that can be themselves self-checking, fail-safe systems that continue to function correctly even after an error occurs, reliability monitoring, and self-test and fault-tolerant designs. On-Line Testing for VLSI contains a selected set of articles that discuss many of the modern aspects of on-line testing as faced today. The contributions are largely derived from recent IEEE International On-Line Testing Workshops. Guest editors Michael Nicolaidis, Yervant Zorian and Dhiraj Pradhan organized the articles into six chapters. In the first chapter the editors introduce a large number of approaches with an expanded bibliography in which some references date back to the sixties. On-Line Testing for VLSI is an edited volume of original research comprising invited contributions by leading researchers.

Timing Performance of Nanometer Digital Circuits Under Process Variations

Author: Victor Champac
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319754659
Release Date: 2018-04-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book discusses the digital design of integrated circuits under process variations, with a focus on design-time solutions. The authors describe a step-by-step methodology, going from logic gates to logic paths to the circuit level. Topics are presented in comprehensively, without overwhelming use of analytical formulations. Emphasis is placed on providing digital designers with understanding of the sources of process variations, their impact on circuit performance and tools for improving their designs to comply with product specifications. Various circuit-level “design hints” are highlighted, so that readers can use then to improve their designs. A special treatment is devoted to unique design issues and the impact of process variations on the performance of FinFET based circuits. This book enables readers to make optimal decisions at design time, toward more efficient circuits, with better yield and higher reliability.

VLSI Test Principles and Architectures

Author: Laung-Terng Wang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080474799
Release Date: 2006-08-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is a comprehensive guide to new DFT methods that will show the readers how to design a testable and quality product, drive down test cost, improve product quality and yield, and speed up time-to-market and time-to-volume. Most up-to-date coverage of design for testability. Coverage of industry practices commonly found in commercial DFT tools but not discussed in other books. Numerous, practical examples in each chapter illustrating basic VLSI test principles and DFT architectures.