Author: Fred Kaplan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2008-01-29
Argues that America's foreign policy under the Bush administration has gone astray not only because of incompetence, but also because of misconceptions about world politics, the nature of warfare, democracy, and other so-called "Daydreamer" beliefs.
Gerlinde Groitl untersucht die Ursachen für die zivil-militärischen Konflikte bei der Formulierung und Implementierung der US-Sicherheitspolitik, die in den letzten 20 Jahren bei allen Militäreinsätzen zwischen der Politik und den ranghöchsten Generälen und Admirälen zu beobachten waren. Sie zeigt, dass die neue Konfliktträchtigkeit als eine Begleiterscheinung von strategischem Wandel zu interpretieren ist. Die USA betrieben als einzig verbliebene Supermacht Ordnungspolitik und verlangten ihren Streitkräften mit den Einsätzen in Somalia, auf Haiti, in Bosnien, im Kosovo sowie den Kriegen in Afghanistan und im Irak immer wieder Anpassungen an neue Missionen ab. Dabei entstand – auch wegen der gemischten Erfolgsbilanz – kein stabiler zivil-militärischer Konsens darüber, wozu militärische Macht dient und wie sie richtig eingesetzt wird. Die Geschichte der amerikanischen zivil-militärischen Beziehungen nach dem Kalten Krieg ist damit eine von politischer und militärischer Innovation in einem sich verändernden sicherheitspolitischen Umfeld.
Im März 1917 eroberten britische Truppen die Stadt Bagdad. Dabei verdrängten sie eine autoritäre Regierung, die als direkte Gefahr für die eigenen Interessen am Persischen Golf wahrgenommen wurde. In einer Proklamation an die Bevölkerung bekundeten die Eroberer ihre Absicht, auf den Trümmern des gestürzten Regimes eine freie und gerechte Ordnung aufzubauen. Sechsundachtzig Jahre später schien sich dieses Ereignis durch den Angriff der USA auf den Irak zu wiederholen. Mit der Analyse der britischen Irakpolitik von 1914-1922 und der amerikanischen Irakpolitik von 2003 bis 2009 zeichnet Hauke Feickert die internen Debatten in London und Washington nach. Daraus entwickelt der Autor in einem Vergleich Parallelen und Unterschiede.
Since the oil boom of the 1970s, the Gulf Cooperation Council States have attempted to achieve economic stability and realise their development goals. Such efforts have so far been in vain, however, as these states’ autocratic governments have closed off their political systems with the support of international allies, especially the United States. In this timely and exhaustive analysis of the political economies of the GCC since the 1970s to the present, Yousef Khalifa Al-Yousef examines the factors responsible for the failure of the states to achieve lasting change in development and security. Focusing on institutional structures where oil wealth has been confined to the few, and the consequences of failed legitimacy at home that has led to dependence on foreign powers, Al-Yousef charts the consistent disparities between governance and the needs of the local population, to the detriment of genuine development. Al-Yousef concludes that the only way to ensure stability and growth in the region is to dismantle the alliance of autocracy, oil and foreign powers. Instead, democracy and reform are key to ensuring stability in the region.
Author: Earl H. Fry
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Release Date: 2010-05-01
Genre: Political Science
Lament for America explores the major challenges to the status of the United States as a world superpower. In delving into the fundamental question of whether or not a relative decline is inevitable, the author recognizes that the changes faced over the next few decades will be more rapid and transformational than at any other period in American history. Lament for America offers concrete recommendations for renewal in areas such as defense policy, health care, education, and the environment, and serves as a useful guide to understanding how decisions will shape both the U.S. and global landscapes.
Author: Alastair Finlan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release Date: 2014-06-19
Genre: Political Science
Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror offers an in-depth analysis of US/UK military strategy in Afghanistan and Iraq from 2001 to the present day. It explores the development of contemporary military strategy in the West in the modern age before interrogating its application in the Global War on Terror. The book provides detailed insights into the formulation of military plans by political and military elites in the United States and United Kingdom for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Alastair Finlan highlights the challenges posed by each of these unique theatres of operation, the nature of the diverse enemies faced by coalition forces, and the shortcomings in strategic thinking about these campaigns. This fresh perspective on strategy in the West and how it has been applied in recent military campaigns facilitates a deep understanding of how wars have been and will be fought. Including key terms, concepts and discussion questions for each chapter, Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror is a crucial text in strategic studies, and required reading for anyone interested in the new realities of transnational terrorism and twenty-first century warfare.
Author: H.D.S. Greenway
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release Date: 2014-08-19
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
David Greenway, a journalist’s journalist in the tradition of Michael Herr, David Halberstam, and Dexter Filkins. In this vivid memoir, he tells us what it’s like to report a war up close. Reporter David Greenway was at the White House the day Kennedy was assassinated. He was in the jungles of Vietnam in that war’s most dangerous days, and left Saigon by helicopter from the American embassy as the city was falling. He was with Sean Flynn when Flynn decided to get an entire New Guinea village high on hash, and with him hours before he disappeared in Cambodia. He escorted John le Carre around South East Asia as he researched The Honourable Schoolboy. He was wounded in Vietnam and awarded a Bronze Star for rescuing a Marine. He was with Sidney Schanberg and Dith Pran in Phnom Penh before the city descended into the killing fields of the Khmer Rouge. Greenway covered Sadat in Jerusalem, civil war and bombing in Lebanon, ethnic cleansing and genocide the Balkans, the Gulf Wars (both), and reported from Afghanistan and Iraq as they collapsed into civil war. This is a great adventure story—the life of a war correspondent on the front lines for five decades, eye-witness to come of the most violent and heroic scenes in recent history.
Author: Mark Schafer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2010-04-22
Genre: Political Science
Are good and bad outcomes significantly affected by the decision-making process itself? Indeed they are, in that certain decision-making techniques and practices limit the ability of policymakers to achieve their goals and advance the national interest. The success of policy often turns on the quality of the decision-making process. Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow identify the factors that contribute to good and bad policymaking, such as the personalities of political leaders, the structure of decision-making groups, and the nature of the exchange between participating individuals. Analyzing thirty-nine foreign-policy cases across nine administrations and incorporating both statistical analyses and case studies, including a detailed examination of the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, the authors pinpoint the factors that are likely to lead to successful or failed decision making, and they suggest ways to improve the process. Schafer and Crichlow show how the staffing of key offices and the structure of central decision-making bodies determine the path of an administration even before topics are introduced. Additionally, they link the psychological characteristics of leaders to the quality of their decision processing. There is no greater work available on understanding and improving the dynamics of contemporary decision making.
Author: David Bruce MacDonald
Release Date: 2009-06
This accessible study critiques the rise of a new exceptionalism: a victim-centered nationalism promoted by American conservatives since the 1980s, borrowing imagery and vocabulary from the civil rights era and political correctness movements of the left.Thinking History, Fighting Evil explores the instrumentalization of anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism in the service of U.S. foreign policy, paying attention to how conservatives approach _far enemies_ (Islamism), _near enemies_ (Europe and Latin America), and the _enemies within_ (the domestic left).
Author: Christian Davenport
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2009-05-18
Genre: Political Science
"A powerful, enraging, tear-jerking reminder of how so few Americans have sacrificed so much during the so-called' war on terror'. the best kind of war book." - Alex Kershaw, author of The Bedford Boys and Escape from the Deep "Through the voices and experiences of five very diverse members of the Virginia National Guard, As You Were gives the great majority of Americans who have not been sent to war a sense of the experiences of our citizen-soldiers and the family, employment, and health problems they face reentering American society after experiencing combat." - David R. Segal, Drector, Center for Research on Military Organization, University of Maryland "A sad, stirring, sometimes maddening story. Christian Davenport writes not so much about combat, but rather the home front-the struggles of the families left behind while their providers go off to war and of the solders themselves as they stagger back to a civilian world that declines to reward, or even betrays, their sacrifice." - Fred Kaplan, "War Stories" columist, Slate; author of Daydream Believers: How a Few Grand Ideas Wrecked American Power
"In the mid-1950s the US faced the first real challenge since World War II to its strategic superiority over any nation on earth. The attempt to collect intelligence on the Soviets began with an initial period of poor collection capabilities and consequent limited analysis. With few well-placed human sources inside the Soviet Union, it was only with the CIA's development of, what can only be called, timely technological wizardry--the U-2 aircraft and Corona Satellite reconnaissance program--that breakthroughs occurred in gaining valuable, game-changing intelligence. Coupled with the innovative use of aerial and satellite photography and other technical collection programs, the efforts began to produce solid, national intelligence."--https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/historical-collection-publications/index.html.