Building in existing fabric requires more than practical solutions and stylistic skills. The adaptive reuse of buildings, where changes in the structure go along with new programs and functions, poses the fundamental question of how the past should be included in the design for the future. On the background of long years of teaching and publishing, and using vivid imagery from Frankenstein to Rem Koolhaas and beyond, the author provides a comprehensive introduction to architectural design for adaptive reuse projects. History and theory, building typology, questions of materials and construction, aspects of preservation, urban as well as interior design are dealt with in ways that allow to approach adaptive reuse as a design practice field of its own right.
As development flows from the urban core to suburban lands, some historic buildings, once the centerpiece of neighborhood focus and gathering, are left in neglect and disrepair. The unique floor plans and construction of churches make them especially vulnerable to decline when congregations move to new locations. Nevertheless, some church buildings nationwide have been adopted by new owners and converted into every conceivable use: restaurant, retail, residential, community center, office building. This work explores socio-economic and/or political variables present in successful adaptive church reuse projects for the purpose of guiding future planning and public policy initiatives. A literature review was conducted on the changing role of churches, the ties between adaptive reuse and economic development, and finally the lessons that the existing literature on adaptive reuse can bring to vacant churches. The literature review revealed five factors of key importance in the success of adaptive reuse projects: location, availability of funding incentives, real estate values, historic designation, and community commitment. The factors were investigated in a multiple-case study of three attempted church adaptive reuse projects in Cincinnati, Ohio - two successful and one that ended in demolition. The cases chosen were similar to St. Martin's, a vacant church in the Sedamsville neighborhood of Cincinnati, so that the lessons learned would be applicable to it. The patterns found through analysis of the case studies indicate that of the five factors studied, the availability of funding and the presence of community support are of primary importance in successful adaptive church reuse. These lessons contributed to an enhanced understanding that St. Martin's faces large obstacles to reuse. Recommendations for the church included increasing community support, and considering any commercial endeavors within the context of the neighborhood demand. These findings and recommendations can provide guidance to other vacant churches as well. The lessons learned through the investigation indicate that more proactive planning techniques are necessary - both to incorporate historic preservation and economic development into land use planning, and to consider economically viable uses for community resources such as vacant church buildings before they are in danger of being lost.
UnDoing Buildings: Adaptive Reuse and Cultural Memory discusses one of the greatest challenges for twenty-first-century society: what is to be done with the huge stock of existing buildings that have outlived the function for which they were built? Their worth is well recognised and the importance of retaining them has been long debated, but if they are to be saved, what is to be done with these redundant buildings? This book argues that remodelling is a healthy and environmentally friendly approach. Issues of heritage, conservation, sustainability and smartness are at the forefront of many discussions about architecture today and adaptive reuse offers the opportunity to reinforce the particular character of an area using up-to-date digital and construction techniques for a contemporary population. Issues of collective memory and identity combined with ideas of tradition, history and culture mean that it is possible to retain a sense of continuity with the past as a way of creating the future. UnDoing Buildings: Adaptive Reuse and Cultural Memory has an international perspective and will be of interest to upper level students and professionals working on the fields of Interior Design, Interior Architecture, Architecture, Conservation, Urban Design and Development.
Author: J. Stanley Rabun
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2009-01-09
An architect and engineer must consider many aspects of any building that is being evaluated for an adaptive re–use project. Careful and precise evaluation of an existing building′s structure, systems, and materials are necessary for both design considerations and for financial feasibility analysis. This professional guide to evaluating structural and material integrity of existing buildings covers everything from foundation issues to decorative details, identifying the causes of building failures as well as techniques for repair. The book considers building assessment issues for structures of different scales: midsize commercial, small commercial and residential buildings. Building repairs on adaptive re–use or historic preservation projects are an essential consideration in the financial outlook of a project, and this book details each step in the assessment process in an easy–to–understand way.
Adaptive reuse – the process of repairing and restoring existing buildings for new or continued use – is becoming an essential part of architectural practice. As mounting demographic, economic, and ecological challenges limit opportunities for new construction, architects increasingly focus on transforming and adapting existing buildings. This book introduces adaptive reuse as a new discipline. It provides students and professionals with the understanding and the tools they need to develop innovative and creative approaches, helping them to rethink and redesign existing buildings – a skill which is becoming more and more important. Part I outlines the history of adaptive reuse and explains the concepts and methods that lie behind new design processes and contemporary practice. Part II consists of a wide range of case studies, representing different time periods and strategies for intervention. Iconic adaptive reuse projects such as the Caixa Forum in Madrid and the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam are discussed alongside less famous and spontaneous transformations such as the Kunsthaus Tacheles in Berlin, in addition to projects from Italy, Spain, Croatia, Belgium, Poland, and the USA. Featuring over 100 high-quality color illustrations, Adaptive Reuse of the Built Heritage is essential reading for students and professionals in architecture, interior design, heritage conservation, and urban planning.
Author: Xue Wang
Publisher: Open Dissertation Press
Release Date: 2017-01-26
Genre: Business & Economics
This dissertation, "Adaptive Reuse of Heritage Buildings in Hong Kong: a Case Study of Wing Lee Street and Lui Seng Chun" by Xue, Wang, 王雪, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: The conservation approach of "adaptive reuse," as a means to give new life to deteriorated heritage buildings, seems to receive criticism from people of Hong Kong in recent years. While the government tries to promote this conservation treatment to seek a balance between sustainable development and heritage conservation, the residents unsatisfied with the conservation results; and carrying a sense of criticism on government's too much intervention. Studies in recent years indicated different preference on "what to conserve" then a series of adaptive reuse potential model was constructed. However, there is limited research comparing different opinions on "how to conserve" and investigating the adaptive reuse outcomes of current projects in a comprehensive way. Hong Kong is a dynamic, contemporary city with short history. Relics in Hong Kong were often torn down once the economic returns of redevelopment much higher. Besides this, the limitation of resources both land and labor let the heritage buildings face the risks of demolition and redevelopment. "Change or continuity" and "reuse or demolition" have form the central argument for heritage conservation in Hong Kong. This dissertation uses the adaptive reuse of Wing Lee Street and Lui Seng Chun as a study case. Wing Lee Street is a completely government initiated project, while Lui Seng Chun is a product of government and non-government cooperation. Both cases possessing Hong Kong housing identity while sharing the same target, benefit community. Wing Lee Street took the compatible reuse approach while Lui Seng Chun adopted the appropriate reuse approach. Due to different reuse approach plus different stakeholders' involvement, the reuse outcomes are totally different. The original target of Lui Seng Chun has been successfully met while Wing Lee Street failed to meet the reuse objective. After a detailed analysis, the thesis found that, convert old buildings to new uses is a better strategy than demolish and a scheme that allow non-government to apply for will bring a win-win situation. Learn from Lui Seng Chun, in order to bring vibrant to the street, the thesis suggests that Wing Lee Street should either go back to private ownership or maintaining the original inhabitants and tenants. On the other hand, there are also some recommendations for future adaptive reuse projects in Hong Kong: towards a collaborative partnership between different groups of people; incentives to enhance the economic viability of the use uses; and the heritage building conservation plan should accompanied by a long-term building management plan. In the nutshell, adaptive reuse is not about developing mega-events without wholly grounded decision-making or pursuit economic development at the cost of residents' interests. It is more about engaging with the lives of those people who live in the city. This dissertation contributes to identifying the major factors of the sustainability framework for the adaptive reuse of historic buildings. Hope this dissertation will be a useful reference for a better outcome in future heritage building projects in Hong Kong. Subjects: Historic buildings - Remodeling for other use - China - Hong Kong
The theoretical framework of "Adaptive reuse" (a term originally developed in the field of architecture) is here applied to a wide spectrum of cultural activities, from the composition of new texts on the basis of earlier ones to the re-creation of concepts and rituals. The first section of this volume consists of five case studies dealing with the adaptive reuse of Sanskrit philosophical and grammatical texts in Sanskrit works of philosophy, grammar and poetry. In these cases, adaptive reuse allows the creation of new forms and contents within a traditionally established framework in which the prestige of the sources of adaptive reuse reflects upon its target. In the second section, entitled "Adaptive Reuse of Tropes," the motif of the chariot in Vedic, medieval and contemporary works and rituals is analyzed and fruitfully employed in various religious contexts. The chapters of the third section deal again with philosophical and religious texts, this time focusing on the adaptive reuse of sources that are no longer available or never existed. It emerges that the reuse of virtual texts was frequently intended to support the introduction of innovations into established traditions. In some cases, the prestige of the reusing works even reflected back on the allegedly reused source. Finally, the section "Reuse from the Perspective of the Digital Humanities" deals with the computer-based identification of possibly reused text-passages in epic literature that otherwise would remain undetectable.
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Cultural property
"In the pursuit of sustainable development, communities have much to gain from adaptively reusing historic buildings. Bypassing the wasteful process of demolition and reconstruction alone sells the environmental benefits of adaptive use. Environmental benefits, combined with the energy savings and social advantage of recycling a valued heritage place make adaptive use of historic buildings an essential component of sustainable development. To mark Australia's Year of the Built Environment 2004, this booklet will explore some of the environmental, social and economic benefits of the adaptive reuse of historic buildings".-- Intro.
Author: Richard C. Hula
Release Date: 2016-03-23
Genre: Social Science
The environmental legacy of past industrial and agricultural development can simultaneously pose serious threats to human health and impede reuse of contaminated land. The urban landscape around the world is littered with sites contaminated with a variety of toxins produced by past use. Both public and private sector actors are often reluctant to make significant investments in properties that simultaneously pose significant potential human health issues, and may demand complex and very expensive cleanups. The chapters in this volume recognize that land and water contamination are now almost universally acknowledged to be key social, economic, and political issues. How multiple societies have attempted to craft and implement public policy to deal with these issues provides the central focus of the book. The volume is unique in that it provides a global comparative perspective on brownfield policy and examples of its use in a variety of countries.
Abstract Americans have been moving back into downtowns to live in major cities. Many large cities are gearing up for this transition, and more housing developments in city centers are being planned. Their downtowns have been seeing huge increases in housing development. This is due to demographic change throughout the country and support from the city, state, and federal governments in an effort to implement "smart growth" policies. According to Downtown Cincinnati, Inc., the housing market in downtown Cincinnati is considered to be in a seminal condition for this change. Given this housing trend and the fact that there are a number of abandoned structurally sound buildings in downtown Cincinnati, adaptive reuse should be fully utilized to meet the housing demand. Therefore, this study seeks to identify the location of potential residential buildings for adaptive reuse, utilizing the criteria used by housing experts.